Fidonisy-class destroyer

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Dzerzhinskiy 01.jpg
Class overview
Name: Fidonisy class
Builders: Russud Shipyard, Nikolaev
Operators:
Preceded by: Derzky class
In commission: 1916–1956
Planned: 20
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 12
Lost: 7
Scrapped: 1
General characteristics (as built)
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,329 long tons (1,350 t) standard
  • 1,700 long tons (1,700 t) full load
Length: 102 m (334 ft 8 in)
Beam: 9.5 m (31 ft 2 in)
Draught: 3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 shafts; 2 steam turbines
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range: 1,800 nmi (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 168
Armament:
  • 4 × single 102 mm (4 in) guns
  • 2 × single 40 mm AA gun
  • 4 × triple 457 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
  • 80 mines
Service record
Part of: Black Sea Fleet

The Fidonisy or Kerch class were a group of destroyers built for the Black Sea Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy during World War I. They were a slightly enlarged version of the Derzky-class destroyers, with an extra 102-millimetre (4 in) gun and more torpedo tubes. These ships fought in World War I, the Russian Civil War, and World War II.

Design and description[edit]

The Fidonisy-class ships measured 102 metres (334 ft 8 in) long overall with a beam of 9.5 metres (31 ft 2 in) and had a maximum draft (ship) of 3 meters (9 ft 10 in). They displaced 1,329 metric tons (1,308 long tons) at normal load.

Ships[edit]

All ships were originally named after battles from the wars between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.

Ship Launched Fate
Fidonisi 31 May 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Gadzhibei 27 August 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Kaliakria - renamed Dzerzhinski 27 August 1916 Scuttled in 1918, raised and repaired by the Soviet Navy 1925, Sunk 13 May 1942
Kerch 31 May 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Korfu - renamed Zhelezniakov 1924 Broken up 1956
Levkas - renamed Shaumyan 1924 lent to the Bulgarian Navy after World war II, sunk 10 April 1942
Tserigo 1917 Interned in Bizerte with Wrangel's fleet and scrapped 1924
Zante renamed Nyezamozhnik 1917 Scuttled 1919, refloated 1923, broken up 1950s

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7. 
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Gadzhibey class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons