Fidonisy-class destroyer

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Dzerzhinskiy 01.jpg
Class overview
Name: Fidonisy class
Builders: Russud Shipyard, Nikolaev
Operators:
Preceded by: Derzky class
In commission: 1916–1956
Planned: 20
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 12
Lost: 7
Scrapped: 1
General characteristics (as built)[1]
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,326 t (1,305 long tons) standard
  • 1,580 t (1,560 long tons) full load
Length: 95 m (311 ft 8 in)
Beam: 9.1 m (29 ft 10 in)
Draught: 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 shafts; 2 steam turbines
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range: 1,210 nmi (2,240 km; 1,390 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement: 168
Armament:
General characteristics (1943)[2]
Displacement: 1,760 t (1,730 long tons) full load
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Black Sea Fleet

The Fidonisy or Kerch class were a group of destroyers built for the Black Sea Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy during World War I. They were a slightly enlarged version, with an extra 102 mm (4.0 in) gun and more torpedo tubes, of the Derzky-class destroyers, a derivative of the Russian destroyer Novik. These ships fought in World War I, the Russian Civil War, and World War II.

Design and description[edit]

The Fidonisy-class ships measured 92.5 metres (303 ft 6 in) long overall with a beam of 9.1 metres (29 ft 10 in) and had a maximum draft (ship) of 3.8 meters (12 ft 6 in). They displaced 1,329 metric tons (1,308 long tons) at normal load.[2]

Ships[edit]

All ships were originally named after battles from the wars between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.

Ship Namesake Launched Fate
Fidonisi Battle of Fidonisi 31 May 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Gadzhibei 27 August 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Kaliakria - renamed Dzerzhinski Battle of Cape Kaliakra / Felix Dzerzhinski 27 August 1916 Scuttled in 1918, raised and repaired by the Soviet Navy 1925, Sunk 13 May 1942
Kerch Battle of Kerch Strait 31 May 1916 Scuttled 16 June 1918
Korfu - renamed Zheleznyakov Siege of Corfu 1924 Transferred to Bulgaria in December 1947, returned in 1949, converted to barracks ship in 1953, Broken up 1956
Levkas - renamed Shaumyan Lefkada 1924 sunk 10 April 1942
Tserigo Cythera 1917 Interned in Bizerte with Wrangel's fleet and scrapped 1924
Zante, renamed Nyezamozhnik Zakynthos 1917 Scuttled 1919, refloated 1923, broken up 1950s

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7. 
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1990). The Imperial Russian Navy. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-912-1. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Эсминцы и миноносцы" [Destroyers and Torpedo Boats] (in Russian). Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Gogin, Ivan. "Фидониси <Fidonisi> destroyers (1917 - 1925) - Imperial Russian Navy / Soviet Navy (Russia / USSR)". Retrieved 12 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Gadzhibey class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons