Field goal (basketball)
In basketball, a field goal is a basket scored on any shot or tap other than a free throw, worth two or three points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket. Uncommonly, a field goal can be worth other values such as one point in FIBA 3x3 basketball competitions or four points in the BIG3 basketball league. "Field goal" is the official terminology used by the National Basketball Association (NBA) in their rule book, in their box scores and statistics, and in referees' rulings. The same term is also the official wording used by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and high school basketball.
One type of field goal is called a slam dunk. This occurs when a player jumps near the basket with possession of the ball, throwing the ball down through the basket while airborne. The word "slam" is derived onomatopoeically from the sound of the player's hands hitting, grabbing, then releasing the hoop.
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar holds the NBA record for field goals made in a career with 15,837. Wilt Chamberlain, one of the most prolific scorers of all time, holds the top four spots for most field goals made in a season and has the two top field goal percentages for a season. One of the greatest field-goal shooters of all time is Michael Jordan, who led the NBA in field goals made ten times. Shaquille O'Neal has the record for most seasons (10) with the best field goal percentage, and Artis Gilmore has the record for highest career field goal percentage (59.9%). Steve Nash was one of the greatest all-around shooters in the history of the NBA, holding the record for 50–40–90 seasons, a mark of all-around shooting for two-point field goals, three-point field goals, and free throws. Nash recorded four of the eleven 50–40–90 seasons in NBA history.
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Throughout time the NBA's style of play collectively would change. The recognizable way would be within the Shot-selection of teams. Shot-selection is defined by Basketballimersion.com as, "an individual players' decision that is defined by the individual,coach, or team". As a result of advanced analytics, and players skill evolving, the game is beginning to be played completely different. Teams are now utilizing the three point shot unlike anything before.
The three point shot is now a priority for teams, when prior to the 2010s, the game was based solely around the paint. Teams focused on scoring high percentage shots outside, and then utilizing the three point shot, however, even then it was still limited. Teams now play a "outside-in" style of play with Analytics proving the three and a layup being the most valuable shots. The three point shot grants an extra point, and layups are high percentage while also providing a chance to put opponents in foul trouble and get extra points. This has led to teams playing a much faster pace, and getting up a lot more shots. Teams such as the Warriors, and Rockets in past years have emphasized this style of play the most. The Warriors have been to the NBA Finals 4 straight years and won 3 out of the 4 from 2015 to 2018. The entire league is shifting its style of play in an attempt to match or surpass the success of the Warriors. Stephen Curry of the Warriors is the leader of this shift in strategy and has been labeled the greatest shooter of all time in the process.