Hockey at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by two events: men's team event and women's team event. For the first time a women's Olympic Games hockey tournament was organized. Both events were held in two venues, located in the north-western part of Moscow:
In the Preliminary Pool teams played against each other in a round. Then teams, placed 1st and 2nd contested for gold and silver medals; placed 3rd and 4th contested for bronze medals and placed 5th and 6th contested for 5th place.