Field marshal (Libya)

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Field marshal
Arabic: مشير‎, romanizedMushir
General Haftar.jpg
Khalifa Haftar pictured on 25 April 2011, during the previous Libyan Civil War.
Country Libya
Service branchLibyan National Army.png Libyan National Army
RankFive-star rank
NATO rankOF-10
Non-NATO rankO-11
Formation14 September 2016
Next higher rankNone
Next lower rankGeneral

The rank of Field marshal (Arabic: مشير‎, romanizedMushir) is a five-star rank in the current Libyan military, the Libyan National Army (LNA). General Khalifa Haftar, commander of the LNA since 2 March 2015,[1] was promoted to the rank of field marshal on 14 September 2016 by the decision of the House of Representatives (HoR), a partially recognized legislature located in the city of Tobruk, in the eastern Libyan region of Cyrenaica.[2][3]

Haftar was promoted in recognition for his leadership in the Operation Surprise Lightening, capturing the four key oil ports (Sidra, Ra's Lanuf, Brega and Zuwetina) in the Gulf of Sirte from the Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG) during the ongoing Libyan Civil War.[2][3][4]

The leading individual of the previous Libyan military, the Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, was Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution Muammar Gaddafi, who used the rank of Colonel of the Libyan Army.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Libyan parliament confirms Haftar as army chief". Al Jazeera. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Tobruk's HoR promotes Khalifa Haftar to a Marshal following capture of oil ports". Libyan Express. September 15, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Tobruk's Parliament Promotes Khalifa Haftar To Field Marshal". Middle East Observer. September 16, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  4. ^ "Profile: Libya's military strongman Khalifa Haftar". 15 September 2016. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2019 – via