|C. p. fervidus in Limpopo, South Africa|
The fiery-necked nightjar (Caprimulgus pectoralis) is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae, which occurs in Africa south of the equator. Its distinctive and frequently uttered call is rendered as 'good-lord-deliver-us'. It is replaced in the tropics by a near relative, the black-shouldered nightjar. In addition to the latter, it forms a species complex with the Montane and Ruwenzori nightjars.
The plumage of this small species of nightjar is fairly colourful with marked contrasts. The center of the crown is marked with swarthy stripes, the ear coverts are chestnut brown, and the necked is fringed and highlighted with tawny shades. The gape is fringed with rictal bristles with white bases. The grey scapulars are marked with two clear rows of angular black spots. White markings cover the outer vanes of the primary feather emargination, and in males, the outer tail feather is marked with an extended white outer vane. The wing coverts are marked with small, pearly spots.
There are four to five accepted races:
- C. p. subsp. pectoralis – southern South Africa
- Description: Largest race with darkest plumage
- C. p. subsp. fervidus – southern African woodlands
- C. p. subsp. shelleyi – central African woodlands
- C. p. subsp. crepusculans – eastern lowlands and lowveld
- C. (p.) nigriscapularis – a northern race or full species
- BirdLife International (2012). "Caprimulgus pectoralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Keith, Stuart; Urban, Emil K.; Fry, C. Hilary (1992). The Birds of Africa, Volume III. Academic Press. pp. 168–170. ISBN 9780121373047.
- Chittenden, H.; et al. (2012). Roberts geographic variation of southern African birds. Cape Town: JVBBF. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-1-920602-00-0.
- Image at ADW
- Fiery-necked nightjar - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.
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