Fiesta del Pacifico

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The Fiesta del Pacifico (English: Festival of the Pacific) was a civic festival held in San Diego, California during the 1950s. The event was staged throughout the city for several weeks in the mid to late summer. It was intended to attract tourists and to highlight San Diego's Spanish and Mexican heritage.

History[edit]

In 1955 the San Diego City Council approved a plan for a month-long celebration to take place in the summer of 1956.[1] A private organization run by Wayne Dailard, who had served as manager of the 1936–37 California Pacific International Exposition, put on a 33-day-long event in 1956, with some financial support from the city and county.[2] The fiesta was intended to be an annual event, but revenue projections fell short, and tourism industry representatives complained that it was drawing traffic away from the more established attractions.[3] The festival continued for three more years but was shorter and less ambitious each year: July 18 to August 12 in 1956, July 24 to August 10 in 1957, August 29 to September 9 in 1958, and September 4 to 17 in 1959.[4][5][6][7] After 1959 the fiesta was abandoned.[1]

Description[edit]

The festival included weeks of varied activities throughout the city, including a beauty pageant, several parades, a series of road races, a rodeo, street parties, and multiple displays of dancing, art, and other cultural activities. The main event was an epic theatrical production entitled The California Story, which had originally been written for the California Centennial celebration in 1950 and had been presented in the Hollywood Bowl. The extravaganza was performed in Balboa Stadium on a stage as long as a city block. It featured 35 scenes and a cast of 1,300 people, including a symphony orchestra and a 150-voice choir.[2] Lucille Norman was the star and lead singer in the 1957 production.[8] It was directed by Vladimir Rosing and conducted by Meredith Willson; both had filled the same role at the Hollywood Bowl.[9][10] The production dramatized the history of California from the arrival of Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo in 1540 through the early 20th century.[1] It was billed as "the biggest non-movie spectacle ever produced anywhere."[5] In 1959, the last year of the fiesta, the California Story production was replaced by a 2-hour show called Stars over Pacific.[7]

Legacy[edit]

The celebration inspired the most popular and most-performed work by composer Roger Nixon: a piece for symphonic band called Fiesta del Pacifico. It was composed in 1958–59 and first performed in 1960. Nixon explained the name of his composition as follows: "Fiesta del Pacifico is held in San Diego and features a play on the history of the area, a parade, a rodeo, and street dances. It is one of several festivals held annually in various communities in California that celebrate the Old Spanish Days of the State, and I chose its name as representative of the spirit of those occasions."[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Starr, Kevin (2009). Golden Dreams: California in an Age of Abundance, 1950–1963. Oxford University Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-19-515377-4. 
  2. ^ a b Pourade, Richard F. (1977). "5: A Fiesta – Reliving the days of the dons". City of the Dream 1940–1970. Copley Press. ISBN 978-0913938195. 
  3. ^ Amero, Richard W. (November 1999). "Can San Diego hold a legitimate international exposition?". pp. balboaparkhistory.net. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Fiesta del Pacifico San Diego Official Program July 18 Thru August 12, 1956". Fiesta. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "San Diego Fiesta del Pacifico folder 1957". Program. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "1958 Viva La Fiesta del Pacifico! San Diego". Holiday. July 1958. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Amero, Richard. "Balboa Park History - 1959". sandiegohistory.org. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Fiesta Parade, Pageant Set Today," (July 27, 1957), p. 1, The San Diego Union, San Diego, CA
  9. ^ Official Program, Fiesta del Pacifico, San Diego, 1956
  10. ^ Freeman, Don (June 1, 2002). "'Music Man' still leads Broadway's hit parade". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Salzman, Timothy (ed.) (2006). "Roger Nixon, by William Berz". A Composer's Insight: Thoughts, Analysis and Commentary on Contemporary Masterpieces for Wind Band. Meredith Music Publications. pp. 134–5.