Fifield Bavant

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Fifield Bavant
Fifield Bavant St Martin's Church
St Martin's Church
Fifield Bavant is located in Wiltshire
Fifield Bavant
Fifield Bavant
Fifield Bavant shown within Wiltshire
OS grid reference SU017251
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°01′30″N 1°58′37″W / 51.025°N 1.977°W / 51.025; -1.977Coordinates: 51°01′30″N 1°58′37″W / 51.025°N 1.977°W / 51.025; -1.977

Fifield Bavant /'fʌɪfiːld 'bavənt/ is a small village and former civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of Wilton, midway between Ebbesbourne Wake and Broad Chalke on the north bank of the River Ebble.

The small Church of England parish church, begun in the 13th century, is dedicated to Saint Martin and is a Grade II* listed building.[1][2][3]

The population is now about 20,[4] although it was 49 in 1831.[5]

History[edit]

Fragmentary records from Saxon times indicate that the Ebble valley was a thriving area. The Domesday Book in 1086 records the Chalke Valley as divided into eight manors, Chelke (Chalke - Broad Chalke and Bowerchalke), Eblesborne (Ebbesbourne Wake), Fifehide (Fifield Bavant), Cumbe (Coombe Bissett), Humitone (Homington), Odestoche (Odstock), Stradford (Stratford Tony and Bishopstone) and Trow (circa Alvediston).[6]

The name of Fifield Bavant has evolved over the centuries. The Domesday Book records the manor as Fifehide (probably representing Five Hides). By 1264 it was called Fifield Scudamore because Peter de Scudamore was lord of the manor. By 1463 it was recorded as Fiffehyde Beaufaunt when ownership had passed to the Beaufaunt family, later usually spelt Bavant.[6]

The name Fifehide probably derives from 'five hides'. A hide was once an area of land which would support a household, varying according to time and place and land quality, but typically ranging from 40 to 160 acres, or 16 to 65 hectares. Later in Anglo-Saxon England it was a unit used for assessing land tax.[6]

Peter Meers, in his book Ebbesbourne Wake through the Ages, translates Fifield's Domesday entry as:

Alvred [of Marleborough] holds Fifehide, Ralph from him. TRE it paid tax for five hides. Land for four ploughs. In lordship three hides, there one plough and three slaves. Nine villagers (villeins) and six smallholders (bordars) with two ploughs. Two acres of meadow, pasture half a league long and half a furlong wide. Value £4, now £5. One forge pays 12d a year and two Wilton burgesses pay 18d. Woolmaer holds one hide from Alvred, the same person held it TRE, it was and is worth 10s.[6]

In 1840, Samuel Lewis's Topographical Dictionary said of the parish:

Fifield-Bavent, a parish in the Union of Wilton, Hundred of Chalke, Salisbury and Amesbury, and Southern, Divisions of the county of Wilts, 634 miles (S.W.) from Wilton; containing 49 inhabitants. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £7. 10. Present net income, £170, patron the Marquess of Bath.[7]

Fifield Bavant was a separate civil parish for eight centuries. In 1885, it lost its southern area of some 283 acres to Bowerchalke, and in 1894 the parish was extinguished, when the remaining 870 acres of the northern part were annexed to Ebbesbourne Wake.[8] In 1923 the separate ecclesiastical parish also came to an end, when the benefice of St Martin's was united with that of St John the Baptist in Ebbesbourne.[6]

The parish registers, held in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, record christenings from 1696 to 1991, marriages from 1699 to 1922, and burials from 1696 to 1913.[5]

A detailed parish history was published by the Wiltshire Victoria County History in 1987, as part of its Volume XIII: Chalke hundred.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Martin (1250374)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Church web page (Chalke Valley Church website)
  3. ^ Church web page (Broad Chalke website)
  4. ^ Fifield Bavant at pbase.com
  5. ^ a b Fifield Bavant at genuki.org.uk
  6. ^ a b c d e Ebbesbourne Wake through the Ages by Peter Meers
  7. ^ Samuel Lewis (1840). A topographical dictionary of England. p. 209. 
  8. ^ a b Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1987). Crowley, D.A., ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 13 – Fifield Bavant". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 

External links[edit]