Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist (New York City)

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Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist
Christian Science E43 jeh.JPG
Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist
General information
Architectural style Classical Revival.
Town or city 9 East 43rd Street near Madison Avenue, Manhattan, New York, New York.
Country United States
Construction started 1921
Completed 1921

Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist is an historic Classical Revival-style Christian Science church building located at 9 East 43rd Street near Madison Avenue and Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan, New York City. Built in 1921 on the former site of St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church. Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, is unusual in that it occupies part of the first two stories of a 21-story office building that was originally named the Canadian Pacific Building.[1] The church auditorium seats 1800 people.[2]

History[edit]

Organized in 1901, Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, met first at 228 West 45th Street in the former building of another Episcopal church, the Church of Saint Mary the Virgin.[3] Around 1911 the congregation moved to a church building at 245 Madison Avenue at East 38th Street which had been built for Zion Episcopal Church and later used by South (Dutch) Reformed Church.[4][5] This building was razed in 1917.[6] In 1921, Fifth Church became part of a bonding arrangement for the construction of the 21-story Canadian Pacific Building. Under it the church received a long-term lease for the space it still occupies.[7]

Current status[edit]

Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, is still an active congregation in this location.[8] The Canadian Pacific Building after being known as 342 Madison Avenue for years is now 340 Madison Avenue and has been extensively remodeled to present a modern glass exterior.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canadian Pacific Building". New York Times. 1921-02-02. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  2. ^ Ivey, Paul Eli, Prayers in Stone: Christian Science Architecture in the United States, 1894-1930, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999, pp. 20-21, ISBN 0-252-02445-1
  3. ^ New York City Organ Project / Manhattan / Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist
  4. ^ New York City Organ Project / Manhattan / Church of Zion and St. Timothy
  5. ^ New York City Organ Project / Manhattan / South Dutch Reformed Church
  6. ^ Fifth Church of Christ Scientist, Madison Avenue and 38th Street, southeast corner, 1915
  7. ^ Ivey, Paul Eli, Prayers in Stone: Christian Science Architecture in the United States, 1894-1930, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999, pp. 20-21, ISBN 0-252-02445-1
  8. ^ Christian Science churches in Manhattan
  9. ^ Holusha, John (2005-10-26). "A New Face on Madison Avenue". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  10. ^ Emporis listing for 340 Madison Avenue

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′14.18″N 73°58′46.15″W / 40.7539389°N 73.9794861°W / 40.7539389; -73.9794861