Fifth Column (band)
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|Origin||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Genres||Punk rock, post-punk, riot grrrl|
|Associated acts||Phono-Comb, Shadowy Men on a Shadowy Planet, Opera Arcana|
|Past members||Charlotte Briedé, Anita Smith, Janet Martin, Kathleen Robertson, Michelle Breslin, Donna Dresch, Torry Colichio, Don Pyle|
They took their name Fifth Column from a military manoeuvre by fascist Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War, in which Nazi-aligned nationalist insurrectionists within besieged Republican Madrid, called 'the fifth column', aided the four columns (north, south, east and west) outside the perimeters.
Soon after forming, the group became involved in the Cassette culture of the 1980s. Their first release was a selection of songs on the cassette compilation Urban Scorch released by Some Product in 1981. GB and Caroline along with Candy Parker released their own underground xerox art/ social commentary zine named Hide (5 issues) which, after its first issue, came out with audio cassettes that were compilations of music by their punk, post-punk and experimental contemporaries, like Anti-Scrunti Faction, The Dave Howard Singers, Mydolls, The Party's Over, Really Red, Rongwrong, and Michael Phillip Wojewoda, as well as Fifth Column.
Their first vinyl release was the 7" Boy-Girl EP produced in 1983 by Voicepondence Records.
The name of their first full-length recording To Sir With Hate was a play on the theme song from the British school film, To Sir With Love, performed by Lulu. Produced by Michael Phillip Wojewoda, it is now considered a classic of Canadian music; at the 2016 Polaris Music Prize it was named a shortlisted nominee in the 1976-1985 category for the Polaris Heritage Prize. It was nominated again the next year for the 2017 Polaris Music Prize.
A song from this LP, "The Fairview Mall Story" was based on true events concerning media publication of the names of men arrested after being entrapped by police and was instrumental in paving the way for the emergence of the queercore scene. Their video for the song, directed by indie feature film director Steven Rumbelow, involved 50's images of men cruising in their new cars, shopping malls, and car crashes, was intercut with the band and go-go dancer Bruce La Bruce. A video for the song "Where Are they Now?" was also made, directed by Marc de Guerre.
Their live shows often included films played overtop of the band and a 'go-go' boy dancing. They were frequently accompanied by guest musicians who played instruments as varied as saxophone, trumpet, flute, or violin.
Independent-minded, they released their recordings, including their second full-length recording All-Time Queen Of The World, themselves. A video for the song "Like This" from the album was directed by Bruce LaBruce with the band. The band also appeared on a number of compilations.
In 1992 they released a single, "All Women Are Bitches", on the independent record label K Records. "All Women Are Bitches" was produced by Walter Sobczak and Fifth Column. Despite being controversial and receiving little airplay, the recording was reviewed by Everett True and voted "Single Of The Week" in the UK music publication Melody Maker. This song was included as well on their last full-length recording, 36C, released in 1994. That same year a video for the song Donna was also released. It was the flipside of the 1992 single and was also on the album.
Band members have performed with other groups as well. Caroline Azar has recorded with Kickstand from New York, and Jolly Tambourine Man, Shadowy Men on a Shadowy Planet, Greek Buck and Hidden Cameras from Toronto. Since the breakup of the band: Azar produces her librettos/compositions for her dramatic musicals MAN-O-REXIC and D.I.N.K and other musical commissions. In 2015, Azar combined Wilfred Owen's anti-war poem Anthem for Doomed Youth with original music she composed for Peter Hinton's play The End at Theatre 20.
Beverly Breckenridge toured with The Spinnanes and was also a member of Phono-Comb.
G.B. Jones has recorded with the Italian dark ambient group Mariae Nascenti, and prior to her involvement with Fifth Column, was part of the electropunk band Bunny and the Lakers. Jones now performs with Opera Arcana. Jones again teamed up with Azar to create Installations/performance The Bruised Garden in 2013; they re-cycled the installation into a theatrical performance called The Bruised Spirits of Southern Ontario, an adult gothic folk musical experience based on the music of Opera Arcana, featuring Jones and Minus Smile (formerly of Kids On TV) in 2015. Azar wrote the story (inspired by Jones' and Kerr's trance-based meditations) and directed and produced the experimental multi media event for Opera Arcana at Videofag (run by Jordan Tannahill and William Ellis).
In popular culture
In 1987, the Canadian filmmaker Bruce LaBruce released his short Boy, Girl. LaBruce was influenced by the lyric "Boy/Girl" written by the Fifth Column band lyricist and singer Caroline Azar. LaBruce had asked if he could borrow the title. "Boy/Girl" was the A side of Fifth Column's first self-titled EP.
In 2004 the song "All Women Are Bitches" was covered and re-imagined by the band Lesbians On Ecstasy on their self-titled debut album, Lesbians On Ecstasy, as "Bitchsy"; in 2005, it was remixed and sampled along with "Bitchsy" by Kids on TV for the compilation album Giggles In The Dark.
The band performs live in the film named for them, Fifth Column at the Funnel, directed by Toronto experimental filmmaker John Porter. All of the members of the most recent line-up, and some previous members, appear in the G.B. Jones' movie The Yo-Yo Gang for which the band recorded the theme song.
In 2012, a documentary film by Kevin Hegge, called She Said Boom: The Story of Fifth Column was released featuring interviews with band members Caroline Azar, G.B. Jones, and Beverly Breckenridge, with commentary on the influence of Fifth Column by Toronto artist John Brown, Vaginal Davis, Kathleen Hanna and Bruce LaBruce.
- To Sir With Hate (1985) Hide Records
- All-Time Queen of the World (1990) Hide Records
- 36C (1994) K Records
- Fifth Column EP (also known as Boy, Girl EP - contains tracks "Monsieur Beauchamps" / "Boy, Girl" / "Legionnaires") (1983) Voicespondence Records 
- "All Women Are Bitches/Donna" 7" on K Records (1992)
- "Don't" 7" split single with God Is My Co-Pilot on Outpunk Records (1994)
- "I Love You, But" 7" split single with Trailer Queen on Dark Beloved Cloud Records (1995)
- Work (1989) Hide Records & Tapes; soundtrack for the video by Paulette Phillips and Geoffrey Shea, cassette only release
- "Hit The Dirt","Lapsed State", "Dry Goods", "Pick Ups", "Trojans", Boy/Girl" on Urban Scorch, Some Products (cassette only) (1981)
- "Incident Prone", on Urban Renewal, Hide Tape 4 (cassette only) (1984)
- "Right Hook", on Dementia 5, Hide Tape 5 (cassette only) (1985)
- "The Fairview Mall Story" on J.D.s Top Ten Hit Parade Tape, Hide Records & Tapes (cassette only) (1990)
- "Like This" on Brave New Waves, CBC Records (1991)
- "Yo-Yo" on The Yo-Yo Gang, Bitch Nation Records & Tapes; soundtrack for the film by G.B. Jones (cassette only) (1992)
- "Chewing Gum" on Keep On The Sunny Side: A Tribute to the Carter Family, Amoeba Records (1993)
- "Bad Madelaine" on Wired For Sound, CKLN-FM (1993)
- "All Women Are Bitches" on International Hip Swing, K Records (1993)
- "Detox Killer/Erotic Thriller" on Rock Stars Kill, Kill Rock Stars (1994)
- "Don't" on Free to Fight, Chainsaw Records and Candy Ass Records co-release (1995)
- "Imbecile" on Fields And Streams, Kill Rock Stars, (2002)
- Fifth Column at the Funnel, directed by John Porter (1982)
- Work, directed by Paulette Phillips and Geoffrey Shea (1987)
- The Troublemakers, directed by G.B. Jones (1990)
- The Yo-Yo Gang, directed by G.B. Jones (1992)
- My Niagara, directed by Helen Lee (1992)
- A Gun For Jennifer, directed by Todd Morris (1996)
- She's Real, directed by Lucy Thane (1997)
- Queercore: A Punk-u-mentary, directed by Scott Treleaven (1997)
- The Law of Enclosures, directed by John Greyson (2000)
- She Said Boom: The Story of Fifth Column, directed by Kevin Hegge (2012)
- Donna, directed by Friday Myers (1994)
- Like This, directed by Bruce LaBruce (1990)
Most recent line-up
- G.B. Jones (drums, guitar, vocals)
- Caroline Azar (vocals, organ, guitar)
- Beverly Breckenridge (bass; 1986 -) (also of Phono-Comb)
- Kathleen Pirrie Adams (bass; 1983–1984)
- Janet Martin (guitar; 1983–1985)
- Anita Smith (bass; 1984–1986)
- Charlotte Briede (guitar; 1985–1990)
- David Keyes (of The Polkaholics) (drums; 1989)
- Joel Wasson (drums; 1990–1992)
- Chaz Salmon (guitar; 1991–1992)
- Michelle Breslin (of Karaoke and Sadoceanspacebear) (guitar; 1992–1996)
- Don Pyle (of Shadowy Men on a Shadowy Planet and Phono-Comb) (drums; 1992–1993)
- Donna Dresch (of Team Dresch) (guitar; 1993)
- Torry Colichio (drums; 1993–1994)
- Luc Menard (drums; 1995–1996)
- Wheeler, Brad (2012-04-27), "Kevin Hegge premieres punk-feminist doc at Hot Docs", Globe and Mail, retrieved 2012-05-03
- McDonnell, Evelyn. Girls + Guitars. Out Magazine. Vol. 8, No. 10. Published by Here Publishing. April 2000.