Fifth series of the renminbi
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The fifth series of the renminbi is the current coin and banknote series of the Chinese currency, the renminbi. They were progressively introduced since 1999 and consist of ¥0.1, ¥0.5, and ¥1 coins, and ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥20, ¥50, ¥100 notes. ¥20 is a new denomination.
First (1999) edition
Coins of the first edition replace all 3 values from the previous series, namely ¥0.1, ¥0.5, and ¥1. The Emblem of the People's Republic of China of the previous series has been removed and the title of the state has been replaced by "People's Bank of China". The 1 jiao (¥0.1) coin also shrank in size.
The first edition includes the following coins
|5th Series Coins, First (1999) Edition|
|Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|1 jiao (¥0.1)||19 mm||Aluminium alloy||Plain||Bank title, value, year of minting||Orchid||1999||2000-10-16|
|5 jiao (¥0.5)||20.5 mm||Copper alloy plated steel||Reeded||Bank title, value, year of minting||Lotus||2002||2002-11-18|
|¥1||25 mm||Nickel plated steel||"RMB" repeated 3 times||Bank title, value, year of minting||Chrysanthemum||2000||2000-10-16|
|For table standards, see the coin specification table.|
The first edition includes the following banknotes
|5th Series Banknotes, First (1999) Edition|
|Value||Dimensions||Main Colour||Description||Date of|
|¥1 1||130 × 63 mm||Yellow-green||Mao Zedong and Orchid||Three Pools Mirroring the Moon at West Lake||Orchid||1999||July 30, 2004|
|¥5||135 × 63 mm||Purple||Mao Zedong and Narcissus||Mount Tai||Narcissus||November 18, 2002|
|¥10||140 × 70 mm||Blue||Mao Zedong and Rose||Three Gorges of the Yangtze River||Rose||September 1, 2001|
|¥20||145 × 70 mm||Brown||Mao Zedong and Lotus||Scenery of Guilin||Lotus||October 16, 2000|
|¥50||150 × 70 mm||Green||Mao Zedong and Chrysanthemum||Potala Palace||Mao Zedong||September 1, 2001|
|¥100||155 × 77 mm||Red||Mao Zedong and Prunus mume||Great Hall of the People||October 1, 1999|
- The ¥1 note, introduced on July 30, 2004, can also be argued as a member of the second edition because it shares similar new security features that are introduced in the banknotes of the second (2005) edition.
The new banknotes incorporate several measures to foil counterfeiting, including watermarks and inks that fluoresce under ultraviolet light. All but the ¥1 banknote have a metallic strip, and the ¥50 and ¥100 banknotes also feature numbers which change colour when viewed from different angles. The portrayals of different leaders on the ¥100 banknote, and of different nationalities of China, represented by two people in ethnic dress on the front of previous banknotes, have also been uniformly replaced with the image of Mao Zedong.
Second (2005) edition
The 2005 edition was introduced on August 31, 2005, with the following banknotes and coin affected:
- banknotes: ¥5, ¥10, ¥20, ¥50, ¥100
- coins: ¥0.1, ¥0.5, ¥1
There is no difference in the basic color and design between the banknotes of the 1999 and 2005 edition. However, new security (anti-counterfeit) features are added in the 2005 edition that distinguishes the two. The differences as compared to the 1999 edition are:
- Dated 2005
- The currency number at the bottom of the reverse is added with “YUAN” indicating the pinyin of the unit (圓) in Chinese language.
- Added a EURion constellation to avoid computer-aided counterfeit
- Removal of fiber threads
- Removal of the second serial number on ¥50 and ¥100
- More raised ink printing (on the right side of obverse)
- Move of registration
Third (2015) edition
- Dated 2015
- Raised ink printing replaced with raised printing on the Great Hall of the People (reverse)
- Metallic strip replaced by a visible and colour-shifting security thread, placed on the reverse side of the note
- Restoration of the second serial number
- Colour-shifting currency number at bottom-right of the obverse moved to the larger currency number at center of the obverse side of the note
- 中华人民共和国货币概况 (in Chinese). The People's Bank of China. Archived from the original on September 10, 2004.
- 第五套人民币 [Fifth series of RMB] (in Chinese). The People's Bank of China. Archived from the original on September 16, 2004.
- Lau, Mimi (10 August 2015). "China to issue new 100 yuan note to counter the counterfeits". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "New Security-enhanced 100 Yuan Note Enters Market on Thursday". Xinhua News Agency. 12 November 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- China new 100-yuan note reported for 12.11.2015 introduction BanknoteNews.com. August 11, 2015. Retrieved on 2015-08-24.
- Pictures of the 4th and 5th series at ChinaToday.com