Fifty-Second Army (Japan)
|Japanese Fifty-Second Army|
Student militia at Kujukurihama, Chiba
|Active||April 7, 1945 – August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Nickname(s)||Shō (捷 Victory?)|
The Japanese 52nd Army was formed on April 7, 1945, under the Japanese 12th Area Army as part of the last desperate defense effort by the Empire of Japan to deter possible landings of Allied forces in central Honshū during Operation Downfall. The Japanese 52nd Army was based in Sakura, Chiba Prefecture and was thus intended to guard the closest beachhead to Tokyo and the Kantō region along the Bōsō Peninsula. It consisted mostly of poorly trained reservists, conscripted students and Volunteer Fighting Corps home guard militia. It was demobilized at the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945, without having seen combat.
List of Commanders
|Commanding officer||Lieutenant General Shigeta Tokumatsu||7 April 1945||15 August 1945|
|Chief of Staff||Major General Tamaki Onwa||6 April 1945||10 October 1945|
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