Fighting game community

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The fighting game community is a collective of video gamers who play fighting games such as Street Fighter, Tekken, Marvel vs. Capcom and Soulcalibur. The fighting game community started out small in the late 1990s and throughout the 2000s referred to as the grassroots era, but it has grown to a larger scale in the 2010s, with many tournaments being held across the world. This is predominately due to the rise of eSports and digitized viewing habits on live streaming sites such as Twitch.tv.

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

The game Street Fighter II: The World Warrior was a huge success when it was released in 1991 and is regarded as one of the most influential video games of all time.[1][2][3] It refined and made the fighting game genre more popular.[4] Many people played this game at their local arcades, this spurred competition among many players and the Fighting Game Community slowly started to take shape. Although there were tournaments for fighting games, the tournaments were obscure and had insular events. Unlike how it is today, people could not experience a tournament unless that individual was there in person or if it was luckily recorded on video. This all began to change in the early 2000s due to the rise of streaming media websites like YouTube.

2000–2009: early years[edit]

With the popularity of the internet starting to become critical in many people's lives it was only a matter of time before it affected the Fighting Game Community. In early 2000, a forum was created called Shoryuken.com which was named after the iconic Street Fighter attack. The site became the main go to forum for many fighting game competitors and it quickly attracted the community to create major tournaments to gather the best players from around the country. One of the most major tournaments that gather players from around the world is called The Evolution Championship Series. In middle of the 2000s the FGC's popularity began to fade due to lack of new fighting games, the overall sales of the genre, and some problems within the community. It was not until 2009, when there was a new spark in the community.[5]

2009–present: new age of fighting games[edit]

After nearly a decade, Capcom announced the development of the next installment of one of their most well-known fighting games, Street Fighter IV. As it had been quite some time since Capcom had released a new Street Fighter game, this new title was heavily anticipated by the FGC. The game received a lot of positive reception from major game reviewers and the FGC.[6][7][8][9] Street Fighter IV single handily brought life back into the FGC by not only rejuvenating the popularity of fighting games but it also created an influx of new players into the community and increased the number of competitors. After the success of Street Fighter IV, new fighting games began being developed and the FGC expanded with more tournaments. The tournaments even started being live-streamed with Twitch so many people can view the tournaments. There are also sponsor-ships from franchises like Evil Geniuses, Broken Tier,[10] and Mad Catz,[11] which pays players for free advertisement.

Despite the rise of other competitive video game genres, a phenomenon known as eSports, many members of the FGC have rejected the label of "eSports" on their community.[12]

The overall size of the community remains a very small proportion of the fighting game market overall. Some of the genre's biggest selling games, such as Tekken 5,[13] Super Smash Bros[14] and Mortal Kombat X,[15] have sold in excess of 5 million copies. In contrast, the same games might only attract 1,000-2,000 entrants at a large tournament.[16][17] Typically some 20-30% of players fight online.[18]

Culture[edit]

The fighting game community has been praised for its racial diversity compared to other gaming communities.[19] However it has also been criticized for sexism.[20][21][22][23]

A highly publicized incident of sexism occurred in 2012 on a live streaming event, when Street Fighter x Tekken player Aris Bakhtanians made comments about a female player's bra size and other inappropriate remarks, leading to the female player to drop out of the event.[24] Later, during an interview with Twitch.tv he is quoted as saying that "sexual harassment is part of a culture, and if you remove that from the fighting game community, it's not the fighting game community." He later apologized for his comments.[25]

Tournaments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patterson, Eric L. (November 3, 2011). "EGM Feature: The 5 Most Influential Japanese Games Day Four: Street Fighter II". Electronic Gaming Monthly. Retrieved April 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Street Fighter II". The Essential 50. 1UP.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ Matt Barton; Bill Loguidice (2009). Vintage games: an insider look at the history of Grand Theft Auto, Super Mario, and the most influential games of all time. Boston: Focal Press/Elsevier. pp. 239–255. ISBN 0-240-81146-1. Retrieved April 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Street Fighter II Influence". 
  5. ^ "Fighting Game Community / Useful Notes - TV Tropes". tvtropes.org. 
  6. ^ "street fighter 4 360 ign review". Ign.com. Retrieved 17 February 2009. 
  7. ^ "street fighter 4 review by g4". G4.com. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  8. ^ "Street fighter 4 meta critic score". Metacritic. Retrieved 17 February 2009. 
  9. ^ "street fighter 4 ps3 ign review". Ign.com. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Broken Tier Sponsored Players". Broken Tier. 
  11. ^ "Mad Catz Players". mascatz. 
  12. ^ "The PA Report - Why the fighting game community hates the word "eSports"". 26 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-08-26. 
  13. ^ "Tekken 6 - Entrevista". Vandal. 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  14. ^ "Top Selling Software Sales Units - Wii U Software". Nintendo. September 30, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2016. 
  15. ^ Hussain, Tamoor. "Batman: Arkham Knight, Mortal Kombat X Sell 5 Million Each Worldwide, Report Says". gamespot.com. GameSpot. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  16. ^ Walker, Ian. "Smash 4, Melee, and Street Fighter numbers are ridiculous". shoryuken.com. Shoryuken. Retrieved May 28, 2015. 
  17. ^ Macone, John. "Ultra Street Fighter IV surpasses 2,000 entrants at EVO 2015". eventhubs.com. Eventhubs. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  18. ^ Data from server logs, for example, 20% of Street Fighter IV players acquire the trophy for playing an online match on the PlayStation 3
  19. ^ Bowman, Mitch. "Why the fighting game community is color blind". 
  20. ^ "Is pervasive sexism holding the professional fighting game community back?". 
  21. ^ Narcisse, Evan. "Sexual Harassment is a Joke to These Fighting Game Fans [Update]". 
  22. ^ "This Woman Is Fighting Sexist Gamers Because They Obviously Suck". 20 March 2015. 
  23. ^ "Sexism In Fighting Game Culture Says Nothing About Gamers, But It Says Everything About Bullies". 
  24. ^ edited by Mark Graham, William H. Dutton, ed. (2014). Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives. p. 92. 
  25. ^ Casey Johnston (18 February 2014). "Women are gamers, but largely absent from "e-sports"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]