|• Mayor||Jordi Masquef Creus (2018)|
|• Total||19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||39 m (128 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
Figueres (Catalan pronunciation: [fiˈɡeɾəs], [fiˈɡeɾes]; Catalan for 'fig trees', Spanish: Figueras, [fiˈɣeɾas]) is the capital of the comarca of Alt Empordà, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain.
The town is the birthplace of artist Salvador Dalí, and houses the Teatre-Museu Gala Salvador Dalí, a large museum designed by Dalí himself which attracts many visitors. It is also the birthplace of Narcís Monturiol, inventor of the first successful machine-powered submarine. Also born here was Mónica Naranjo, one of the best selling Spanish singers of the 1990s and 2000s.
In 1794 Figueras was surrendered to France, but it was regained in 1795. During the Peninsular War it was taken by the French in 1808, recaptured by the Spaniards in 1811, and retaken by the French in the same year.
It was one of the most heavily bombed Catalan cities during the Civil War, in 1938, and, especially, at the beginning of 1939, when thousands of people passed through the town on their way into exile. The number of bombing victims cannot be known with certainty, but could be close to 400.
Figueres recovered starting from the 1950s, consolidating its economy around the tourism industry.
- Sant Ferran Castle, built in 1753 during the reign of Ferdinand VI of Spain, on the site of a Capuchin convent. It has a pentagonal layout, with a total perimeter of 5.6 km (3.5 mi).
- Parish church of St. Peter, in Gothic. It has a single nave with side chapels.
- Teatre-Museu Gala Salvador Dalí (19th century, renovated in the 1960s). It incorporates a tower from the ancient walls.
- Technical Museum of the Empordà, a technology museum with hundreds of antique typewriters
- Museu de l'Empordà
Situated in the northeast corner of Catalonia, Figueres is about 40 km (25 miles) from Girona, 140 km (87 miles) from Barcelona, 60 km (37 miles) from Perpignan, and 50 km (31 miles) from Girona-Costa Brava Airport. It is also served by its own railway station just east of the old town center.
Figueres has been connected since December 2010 to the high-speed rail network with the start of services connecting Figueres to Perpignan via LGV, allowing direct TGV services to Paris in 5 h 27 min. Connections to Madrid-Barcelona via AVE began on 8 January 2013 and the trip takes 53 min to Barcelona Sants (12 min to Girona).
- Narcís Monturiol (1819–1885), pioneering submarine engineer and inventor
- Montserrat Minobis i Puntonet (1942–2019), feminist journalist
- Salvador Dalí (1904–1989), world-renowned artist
- Mónica Naranjo (born 1974), singer and television host
- Maverick Viñales (born 1995), MotoGP racer
- Dídac Lee (born 1974), entrepreneur, former board member of FC Barcelona
Twin towns – sister cities
- Alcalá la Real, Spain (1989)
- Marignane, France (1968)
- Kalisz, Poland (1986)
- St. Petersburg, United States (2011)
- "Ajuntament de Figueres". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
- "El municipi en xifres: Figueres". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Figueras". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 334. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- "Figueres, la Gernika de Catalunya". Publico (in Spanish). 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
- "ICIP participates in the historical memory project "(silences) Figueres under the bombs". International Catalan Institute for Peace. Generalitat de Catalunya". International Catalan Institute for Peace. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
- "Castell de Sant Ferran | Figueres, Spain Attractions". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
- Kallas, Siim (8 January 2013). "The European commission welcomes the entry into service of the high speed line between Barcelona and Figueres – last stage of Spain-Europe high-speed connection". European Commission. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Ciutats agermanades". figueres.cat (in Catalan). Figueres. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
- Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).