Figure 8 racing
Figure 8 racing is a form of stock car racing in which automobiles race on a track that purposely intersects itself, increasing the risk of collisions. Figure 8 racing is most common and popular in the United States and Canada.
Racing is done on a track shaped like an 8. The cars cross paths at the center of the 8, which is known as the "crossover" or the "X". Because of this layout, crashes are common. Figure 8 racing is a unique form of motorsport that requires strict attention to detail and timing to successfully navigate the crossover. In Canada, figure 8 racing often takes place as a part of demolition derby events. Two obstacles, often concrete blocks or vehicles are placed in the demolition derby ring to form a figure 8 track.
Figure 8 track racing began right after World War II, in the late 1940s. The track may have had an overpass so that the cars did not cross each other's paths. Most historians believe that the first track where drivers crossed paths was the 1/5 mile-long Indianapolis Speedrome. The sport received nationwide publicity when it was frequently televised on ABC's Wide World of Sports in the 1960s, usually from Islip Speedway in Islip, New York.
The cars used are often stock cars, but are usually modified for lightness and safety, by removing the window glass and often adding a roll cage. A wing much like a sprint car is sometimes placed on the roof to increase downforce. The cars' bodies are typically made out of sheet metal. All manner of vehicles have been used. School buses have become popular, especially at county fairs, because of their extended exposure for crashes.
The oldest operating figure 8 track in the United States is the Indianapolis Speedrome in Indianapolis. The track has been in operation since the 1940s. It hosts the annual World Figure 8 race, which is considered the world championship event. The first three-hour endurance race was held in 1977.
Notable figure 8 tracks
Many of these tracks have configurations that allow for both standard oval and figure 8 races.
- Altamont Raceway Park (closed in 2008)
- Anderson Speedway, Anderson, Indiana
- Ascot Park in Gardena, CA (Closed)
- Beech Bend Raceway Park Bowling Green, KY (Oval/Figure 8 Closed)
- Columbus Motor Speedway (Closed)
- Colorado National Speedway
- Evergreen Speedway
- Empire Expo Center
- Flat Rock Speedway
- Holland Speedway (added 2012)
- Indianapolis Speedrome
- Irwindale Speedway
- Lake Erie Speedway
- Little Valley Speedway
- Manzanita Speedway (Closed in 2009)
- Raceway Park (Minnesota), Shakopee, MN (Closed in 2013)
- Riverhead Raceway
- Rockford Speedway
- Seekonk Speedway
- Slinger Super Speedway
- Sportsdrome Speedway, Jeffersonville, IN (added 2017)
- Toledo Speedway
- Top Gear test track
- Wisconsin International Raceway
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- 3-Hour Figure World Championship 2004, John Stark, The Cheers magazine, 2004, Retrieved January 30, 2007
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-13. Retrieved 2010-04-11. History of Figure 8 racing
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-04-11. Figure 8 News
- http://thegarageblog.com/garage/demos-dawn/ The Garage Blog
- Barrett, Joe (August 14, 2010). "Hold Tight, Kids: School Bus Races Rock County Fairs". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- World Figure 8 Stats – Speedrome -Home of the World Figure 8 Championship Archived 2006-06-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Suffolk Life Newspapers – A Night At The Track Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2010-04-11. Figure 8 USA
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Figure 8 racing.|
- National Organization of Figure Eight Automobile Racing web site, accessed August 2006
- NEFigure8n.com, Nebraska Figure 8 Racing Association, accessed September 2011