Fiji shrikebill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fiji Shrikebill)
Jump to: navigation, search
Fiji shrikebill
Beitrag zur fauna Centralpolynesiens. Ornithologie der Viti-, Samoa- und Tonga-inselnPl8.jpg
Fig. 1 Plate from Haulaub and Finsch Beitrag zur fauna Centralpolynesiens.Ornithologie der Viti, Samoa und Tonga
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
Genus: Clytorhynchus
Species: C. vitiensis
Binomial name
Clytorhynchus vitiensis
(Hartlaub, 1866)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Myiolestes vitiensis
  • Pinarolestes vitiensis

The Fiji shrikebill (Clytorhynchus vitiensis) is a songbird species in the family Monarchidae. It is found in American Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The Fiji shrikebill was originally described as belonging to the genus Myiolestes. Alternate names include the lesser shrikebill and uniform shrikebill.

Subspecies[edit]

Twelve subspecies are recognized:[2]

  • Rotuman lesser shrikebill (C. v. wiglesworthi) - Mayr, 1933: Found on Rotuma Island (northern Fiji)
  • C. v. brunneus - (Ramsay, EP, 1875): Found on Kadavu, Ono and Vanua Kula (south-western Fiji)
  • C. v. buensis - (Layard, EL, 1876): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on Vana Levu and Kioa (northern Fiji)
  • C. v. vitiensis - (Hartlaub, 1866): Found in western Fiji
  • C. v. layardi - Mayr, 1933: Found on Taveuni (central Fiji)
  • C. v. pontifex - Mayr, 1933: Found on Qamea and Rabi (northern Fiji)
  • Vanuatu lesser shrikebill (C. v. vatuanus) - Mayr, 1933: Found on northern Lau Islands (eastern Fiji)
  • C. v. nesiotes - (Wetmore, 1919): Originally described as a separate species. Found on southern Lau Islands (eastern Fiji)
  • Futuna lesser shrikebill (C. v. fortunae) - (Layard, EL, 1876): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on Futuna and Alofi (north-east of Fiji)
  • C. v. heinei - (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on central Tonga Islands
  • C. v. keppeli - Mayr, 1933: Found on Niuatoputapu and Tafahi (northern Tonga)
  • Manu’a shrikebill (C. v. powelli) - (Salvin, 1879): Originally described as a separate species. Found on Samoa but may have gone extinct in the 1990s due to habitat destruction

References[edit]