Filago (plant)

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cottonroses
cudweeds
Filago arvensis2 W.jpg
Filago arvensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Inuleae[1]
Genus: Filago
Loefl. ex L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Achariterium Bluff & Fingerh.
  • Calymmandra Torr. & A.Gray
  • Evacopsis Pomel
  • Evax Gaertn.
  • Filaginopsis Torr. & A.Gray
  • Filagopsis (Batt.) Rouy
  • ×Giflifa Chrtek & Holub
  • Gifola Cass.
  • Gifolaria Coss. ex Pomel
  • Impia Bluff & Fingerh.
  • Oglifa (Cass.) Cass.
  • Pseudevax Pomel
  • Xerotium Bluff & Fingerh.

Filago is a genus of plants in the sunflower family, native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. They are sometimes called cottonroses or cudweeds.[2][3][4][5][6]

The name cudweed comes from the fact that they were once used to feed cows that had lost the ability to chew the cud.[7]

Several species are sometimes treated as members of genus Logfia.

Description[edit]

They bear woolly, cottony heads of flowers. They have narrow strap-shaped untoothed leaves. The flower heads are small,gathered into dense, stalkless clusters. The fruits have a hairy pappus,[8] or modified calyx, the part of an individual disk, ray or ligule floret surrounding the base of the corolla, in flower heads of the plant family Asteraceae.

Species[1]
  1. Filago abyssinica Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich.
  2. Filago aegaea Wagenitz
  3. Filago anatolica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Chrtek & Holub
  4. Filago argentea (Pomel) Chrtek & Holub
  5. Filago arvensis L.
  6. Filago asterisciflora (Lam.) Sweet
  7. Filago californica Nutt.[9][10] - California cottonrose
  8. Filago carpetana (Lange) Chrtek & Holub
  9. Filago clementei Willk.
  10. Filago congesta DC.
  11. Filago contracta (Boiss.) Chrtek & Holub
  12. Filago cretensis Gand.
  13. Filago crocidion (Pomel) Chrtek & Holub
  14. Filago davisii (Holub ex Grierson) Feinbrun
  15. Filago desertorum Pomel
  16. Filago duriaei Batt.
  17. Filago duriaei Coss. ex Lange
  18. Filago eriocephala Guss.
  19. Filago eriosphaera (Boiss. & Heldr.) Chrtek & Holub
  20. Filago filaginoides (Kar. & Kir.) Wagenitz
  21. Filago fuscescens Pomel
  22. Filago gallica L. - narrow leaved cudweed
  23. Filago germanica (L.) Hudson - common cudweed
  24. Filago heterantha (Raf.) Guss.
  25. Filago hurdwarica (Wall. ex DC.) Wagenitz
  26. Filago huruarica Wagenitz
  27. Filago inexpectata Wagenitz
  28. Filago libyaca (Alavi) Greuter
  29. Filago linearifolia (Pomel) Chrtek & Holub
  30. Filago lojaconoi (Brullo) Greuter
  31. Filago longilanata (Maire & Wilczek) Greuter
  32. Filago lusitanica (Samp.) P.Silva
  33. Filago lutescens Jord. - red-tipped cudweed
  34. Filago mareotica Delile
  35. Filago mauritanica (Pomel) Dobignard
  36. Filago micropodioides Lange
  37. Filago minima (Sm.) Pers. - small cudweed
  38. Filago mucronata (Pomel) Chrtek & Holub
  39. Filago neglecta (Soy.-Will.) DC.
  40. Filago nevadensis (Boiss.) Wagenitz & Greuter
  41. Filago palaestina (Boiss.) Chrtek & Holub
  42. Filago perpusilla (Boiss. & Heldr.) Chrtek & Holub
  43. Filago petro-ianii Rita & Dittrich
  44. Filago prolifera Pomel
  45. Filago psilantha (Pomel) Chrtek & Holub
  46. Filago pygmaea L.
  47. Filago pyramidata L. - broad-leaved cudweed
  48. Filago ramosissima Lange
  49. Filago repens Scheele
  50. Filago sahariensis Chrtek & Holub
  51. Filago texana Scheele
  52. Filago tyrrhenica Chrtek & Holub

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]