A filamentous bacteriophage, of the genus Inovirus, is a type of bacteriophage, or virus of bacteria, defined by its filament-like or rod-like shape. It has only a few genes and is one of the simplest biological systems known. Filamentous phages usually contain a genome of circular single-stranded DNA and infect Gram-negative bacteria  and can reproduce without killing the host. The filamentous phage of Escherichia coli are the most productive phage in nature.
Types of filamentous phage
- Ff phages – these infect Escherichia coli carrying the F episome.
- Pf1 phage — bacteriophage that infects Pseudomonas aeruginosa
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