Falastin (newspaper)

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Falastin
Filastin 1936 issue.png
Cover of Falastin, 18 October 1936 issue
Type Weekly newspaper (1911-1929)
Daily newspaper (1929-1967)
Format Broadsheet
Founder(s) Issa El-Issa
Yousef El-Issa
President Daoud El-Issa
Raja El-Issa
Founded January 15, 1911; 107 years ago (1911-01-15)
Political alignment Anti-Zionism
Palestinian nationalism
Language Arabic
English
Ceased publication 8 February 1967
Headquarters Ajami, Jaffa (1911-1948)
East Jerusalem (1948-1967)
Country Ottoman Empire (1911-1917)
 Mandatory Palestine (1917-1948)
 Jordanian West Bank (1948-1967)

Falastin, sometimes transliterated Filastin, (Arabic: جريدة فلسطين‎) was a Palestinian newspaper based in Jaffa. Founded in 1911, the newspaper quickly evolved from a weekly publication into a daily that became one the most influential newspapers in Ottoman and British Palestine.[1]

Falastin was among dozens of newspapers that emerged in Palestine after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution that brought in reforms to the Ottoman Empire. It was then founded by Issa El-Issa and his paternal cousin Yousef El-Issa as a weekly newspaper. The newspaper soon turned into a biweekly publication until it was shut down by the Ottoman authorities in 1914. It resumed in 1921 as a triweekly publication and it became a daily in 1929. Both El-Issas were Arab Christians, opponents of British administration and Zionism.[2]

The newspaper was the country's fiercest and most consistent critic of the Zionist movement, denouncing it as a threat to Palestine's Arab population.[3] It helped shape Palestinian identity and was shut down several times by the Ottoman and British authorities, most of the time due to complaints made by Zionists.[4][2]

In 1967, Daoud El-Issa and Issa's son Raja El-Issa merged Falastin with Al-Manar newspaper to produce Jordanian based Ad-Dustuor newspaper in Amman.[5]

Coverage of sport news[edit]

The establishment of Falastin newspaper in 1911 is considered to be the cornerstone of sports journalism in Ottoman Palestine. It is no coincidence that the most active newspaper, also reported on sporting events. Falastin, covered sport news in Ottoman Palestine which helped in shaping the modern Palestinian citizen, bringing the villages and cities together, building Palestinian nationalism and deepening and maintaining Palestinian national identity.[6]

Suspension[edit]

An open letter by Issa El-Issa to Herbert Samuel in 1922
Street vendor selling Falastin newspaper in Jaffa 1921

Working under the censorship of the Ottoman rule and the British mandate, Falastin was suspended from publication over 20 times.[7]

In 1913 and 1914, Falastin was suspended by Ottoman authorities, once for criticism of the Mutasarrif (November 1913) and once for what British authorities summarized as "a fulminating and vague threat that when the eyes of the nation were opened to the peril towards which it was drifting it would rise like a roaring flood and a consuming fire and there would be trouble in [store] for the Zionists."[8] Elsewhere, a historical compendium of antisemitism called the cause for Falastin's suspension "racist hate propaganda."[9] Following the suspension, Falastin issued a circular responding to the government charges that they were "sowing discord between the elements of the Empire," which stated that "Zionist" was not the same as "Jew" and described the former as "a political party whose aim is to restore Palestine to their nation and concentrate them in it, and to keep it exclusively for them."[8] The newspaper was supported by Muslim and Christian notables, and a judge annulled the suspension on grounds of freedom of the press.[8] In the summer of 1914 the newspaper published a translation of the first pages of Menachem Ussishkin's Our Program.[10]

Albert Einstein's letter[edit]

In January 28, 1930 Albert Einstein sent out a letter to Falastin's editor Issa El-Issa.

One who, like myself, has cherished for many years the conviction that the humanity of the future must be built up on an intimate community of the nations, and that aggressive nationalism must be conquered, can see a future for Palestine only on the basis of peaceful cooperation between the two peoples who are at home in the country. For this reason I should have expected that the great Arab people will show a truer appreciation of the need which the Jews feel to rebuild their national home in the ancient seat of Judaism; I should have expected that by common effort ways and means would be found to render possible an extensive Jewish settlement in the country. I am convinced that the devotion of the Jewish people to Palestine will benefit all the inhabitants of the country, not only materially, but also culturally and nationally. I believe that the Arab renaissance in the vast expanse of territory now occupied by the Arabs stands only to gain from Jewish sympathy. I should welcome the creation of an opportunity for absolutely free and frank discussion of these possibilities, for I believe that the two great Semitic peoples, each of which has in its way contributed something of lasting value to the civilisation of the West, may have a great future in common, and that instead of facing each other with barren enmity and mutual distrust, they should support each other's national and cultural endeavours, and should seek the possibility of sympathetic co-operation. I think that those who are not actively engaged in politics should above all contribute to the creation of this atmosphere of confidence.
I deplore the tragic events of last August not only because they revealed human nature in its lowest aspects, but also because they have estranged the two peoples and have made it temporarily more difficult for them to approach one another. But come together they must, in spite of all.[11][12]

Falastin's Centennial[edit]

Daoud El-Issa with King Ali of Hejaz at the Jaffa port, 7 November 1933.

"Falastin's Centennial" was a conference that took place in Amman, Jordan in 2011. Twenty-four local, regional and international researchers and academicians examined Falastin's contribution to the 20th-century Middle East at the two-day conference, which was organised by the Columbia University Middle East Research Centre. The conference highlighted the Jordanian cultural connection to Palestine through various articles that featured Jordanian cities and news. The newspaper's founder Issa El-Issa was a close friend of the Hashemite family, Falastin covered the news of the Hashemites from Sharif Hussein to his sons King Faisal I and King Abdullah I and his grandson King Talal. The paper captured the late King Abdullah's relations with the leaders and people of Palestine, documenting every trip he made to a Palestinian town and every stand he took in support of Palestine and against Zionism. Correspondents of the newspaper in Jordan even interviewed the King in Raghadan Palace. A participant in the conference stated that

[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notations on the Evolution of an Arab and Arab American Media, and Arab Literature". Ray Hanania. The Media Oasis. 1999-10-10. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  2. ^ a b Mandel, 1976, pp. 127-130: "the Christian editors of Falastin would call on all Palestinians, both Muslim and Christian, to unite against Zionism on grounds of local patriotism"
  3. ^ Emanuel Beška (2016). From Ambivalence to Hostility: The Arabic Newspaper Filastin and Zionism, 1911–1914. Slovak Academic Press. Retrieved 2017-05-14. 
  4. ^ Rashid Khalidi (2006-01-09). The Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood. Beacon Press. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  5. ^ Rugh, 2004, p. 138
  6. ^ "View on sports in historic Palestine". Issam Khalidi. Jerusalem Quarterly. 2010-01-01. Archived from the original on 2011-01-25. 
  7. ^ a b http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/academicians-extol-pioneering-palestinian-newspaper. Retrieved September 11, 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  8. ^ a b c Mandel, 1976, pp. 179-181
  9. ^ Antisemitism, a history portrayed, Janrense Boonstra, Hans Jansen, Joke Kriesmeyer, 1989, p. 101 [1][2]
  10. ^ Beška, Emanuel: ARABIC TRANSLATIONS OF WRITINGS ON ZIONISM PUBLISHED IN PALESTINE BEFORE THE FIRST WORLD WAR. In Asian and African Studies, 23, 1, 2014. [3]
  11. ^ Einstein, 2013, pp. 181-2
  12. ^ Rosenkranz, 2002, p. 98

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]