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File:Atomic-orbital-clouds spdf m0.png

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English: Collection of ten atomic hydrogen-like single-electron orbitals showing 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 3d, 4s, 4p, 4d and 4f orbitals. The angular momentum quantum number l is denoted in each column, using the usual spectroscopic letter code ("s" means l=0; "p": l=1; "d": l=2; "f": l=3). The main quantum number n (=1,2,3,4,...) is marked to the right of each row. All orbitals are aligned along the z-axis and the magnetic quantum number m has been set to 0. The images are 3D renderings of the spatial density distribution of |𝜓|² with the color depicting the phase of 𝜓. The spatial distribution is smooth and vanishes for large radii. The cloud is a more realistic representation of an orbital than the more common solid-body approximations.
Source Own work; created with hydrogen-cloud in Python Python-logo-notext.svg This PNG graphic was created with Python.
Author Geek3
Other versions
2s 2p
3s 3p 3d
4s 4p 4d 4f
Only up to n=3.


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12 May 2018

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current17:27, 12 May 2018Thumbnail for version as of 17:27, 12 May 20181,600 × 1,600 (477 KB)Geek3User created page with UploadWizard
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