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File:Cyclone Catarina from the ISS on March 26 2004.JPG

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العربية: قبل سنة 2004م، سُجِّل ظُهور عاصفتين إستوائيتين فقط في حوض المُحيط الأطلسي الجنوبي، دون أن تظهر أيَّة أعاصير. على أنَّ إحدى العواصف الصغيرة التي ظهرت مُقابل شواطئ البرازيل الجنوبيَّة تطوَّرت حتَّى أصبحت لها خصائص العاصفة الاستوائيَّة واستمرَّت تتضخَّم مع توجُهها نحو الغرب. وسُرعان ما أصبح لِهذه العاصفة عينٌ مركزيَّة ووصلت قُوَّتها إلى قُوَّة الإعصار بِحسب الظاهر يوم الجُمُعة 26 آذار (مارس)، قبل أن يضرب اليابسة في أواخر يوم السبت 27 آذار (مارس) 2004م.
أُعلم طاقم محطَّة الفضاء الدوليَّة بِهذه العاصفة فالتقطوا لها صُورًا مُمتازة ما أن ضربت اليابسة في ولاية سانتا كاترينا بِجنوب البرازيل (بناءً على هذا أُطلق على العاصفة تسمية إعصار كاترينا). لاحظ كيف أنَّ حركة الأعاصير في النصف الجنوبي من الكُرة الأرضيَّة هي باتجاه عقارب. يُمكن رُؤية الساحل البرازيلي أسفل الغُيُوم في الزاوية العُليا اليُسرى من الصُورة.
English: Before the year 2004, only two tropical cyclones had ever been noted in the South Atlantic Basin, and no hurricane. However, a circulation center well off the coast of southern Brazil developed tropical cyclone characteristics and continued to intensify as it moved westward. The system developed an eye and apparently reached hurricane strength on Friday, March 26, before eventually making landfall late on Saturday, March 27, 2004.
The crew of the International Space Station was notified of the cyclone and acquired excellent photographs of the storm just as it made landfall on the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina (the storm has been unofficially dubbed “Cyclone Catarina”). Note the clockwise circulation of Southern Hemisphere cyclones, the well-defined banding features, and the eyewall of at least a Category 1 system. The coastline is visible under the clouds in the upper left corner of the image.
Français : Avant 2004, aucun cyclone n'a jamais été observé dans l'Atlantique sud. Cependant, au cours du mois de mars 2004, un système dépressionnaire situé loin au large du Brésil a développé toutes les caractéristiques d'un ouragan tout en se déplaçant vers l'ouest. Le 26 mars, l'ouragan forme un œil bien défini ce qui correspond au niveau Cyclone. Le 27 mars 2007 au soir, il atteint les côtes brésiliennes.
L'équipe de la station spatiale internationale, informée du développement de ce cyclone inhabituel, a pu prendre de belles photos du cyclone juste au moment ou il a touché terre dans l'état brésilien de Santa Catarina (D’où son nom officieux de Cyclone Catarina. Le cyclone présente sur cette photo un œil bien défini, et tourne dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre. La côte est visible en haut à gauche de l'image.


This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Modifications: Increased contrast; decreased brightness; adjusted color balance in favor of blues and whites; removed large black splotches in several locations. Modifications made by Tomf688.

Author Astronaut photograph ISS008-E-19646 was taken March 7, 2004, with a Kodak DCS760 digital camera equipped with an 50-mm lens, and is provided by the Earth Observations Laboratory, Johnson Space Center.
(Reusing this file)
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This file is in the public domain in the United States because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
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Yes check.svg This file was reviewed on by the administrator or trusted user Jappalang (talk), who confirmed the Public Domain status on that date.
Other versions Derivative works of this file:
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This image or video was catalogued by one of the centers of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under Photo ID: ISS008-E-19646.

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current00:56, 11 September 2006Thumbnail for version as of 00:56, 11 September 20063,032 × 2,004 (1.01 MB)Tomhigher res
13:10, 8 September 2005Thumbnail for version as of 13:10, 8 September 20051,000 × 662 (321 KB)Tom
06:27, 24 August 2005Thumbnail for version as of 06:27, 24 August 20051,000 × 662 (321 KB)Tom{{PD-USGov-NASA}} Only two tropical cyclones had ever been noted in the South Atlantic Basin, and no hurricanes. However, a circulation center well off the coast of southern Brazi

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