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File:Io highest resolution true color.jpg

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Description
English: Original Caption Released with Image:

NASA's Galileo spacecraft acquired its highest resolution images of Jupiter's moon Io on 3 July 1999 during its closest pass to Io since orbit insertion in late 1995. This color mosaic uses the near-infrared, green and violet filters (slightly more than the visible range) of the spacecraft's camera and approximates what the human eye would see. Most of Io's surface has pastel colors, punctuated by black, brown, green, orange, and red units near the active volcanic centers. A false color version of the mosaic has been created to enhance the contrast of the color variations.

The improved resolution reveals small-scale color units which had not been recognized previously and which suggest that the lavas and sulfurous deposits are composed of complex mixtures (Cutout A of false color image). Some of the bright (whitish), high-latitude (near the top and bottom) deposits have an ethereal quality like a transparent covering of frost (Cutout B of false color image). Bright red areas were seen previously only as diffuse deposits. However, they are now seen to exist as both diffuse deposits and sharp linear features like fissures (Cutout C of false color image). Some volcanic centers have bright and colorful flows, perhaps due to flows of sulfur rather than silicate lava (Cutout D of false color image). In this region bright, white material can also be seen to emanate from linear rifts and cliffs.

Comparison of this image to previous Galileo images reveals many changes due to the ongoing volcanic activity.

Galileo will make two close passes of Io beginning in October of this year. Most of the high-resolution targets for these flybys are seen on the hemisphere shown here.

North is to the top of the picture and the sun illuminates the surface from almost directly behind the spacecraft. This illumination geometry is good for imaging color variations, but poor for imaging topographic shading. However, some topographic shading can be seen here due to the combination of relatively high resolution (1.3 kilometers or 0.8 miles per picture element) and the rugged topography over parts of Io. The image is centered at 0.3 degrees north latitude and 137.5 degrees west longitude. The resolution is 1.3 kilometers (0.8 miles) per picture element. The images were taken on 3 July 1999 at a range of about 130,000 kilometers (81,000 miles) by the Solid State Imaging (SSI) system on NASA's Galileo spacecraft during its twenty-first orbit.

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA manages the Galileo mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, DC.

This image and other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the World Wide Web, on the Galileo mission home page at URL http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov. Background information and educational context for the images can be found at URL http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/galileo/sepo.

Čeština: Původní popisek vydaný spolu s obrázkem (výtah):

Vesmírné plavidlo Galileo získalo obrázky ve vysokém rozlišení Jupiterova měsíce Io 3. července 1999 během jeho největšího přiblížení od Galileova vypuštění oběžnou dráhu ke konci roku 1995. Tato barevná mozaika používá spektrum blízko infračervené oblasti, zelené a fialové filtry (o trochu víc než oblast viditelného spektra) z kamery plavidla a aproximuje, co by asi vidělo lidské oko. Většina Iova povrchu má pastelové barvy, rozkouskované černými, hnědými, zelenými, oranžovými a červenými jednotkami poblíž aktivních sopečných center. Byla zhotovena verze s „falešnými“ barvami této mozaiky, aby zvýraznila kontrast těchto barevných variant.

Date
Source http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA02308
Author NASA / JPL / University of Arizona

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Shuttle.svg This image or video was catalogued by Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under Photo ID: PIA02308.
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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current00:42, 21 December 2015Thumbnail for version as of 00:42, 21 December 20152,796 × 2,796 (1.81 MB)PlanetUserReverted to version as of 18:51, 9 May 2010 (UTC)
19:09, 23 October 2015Thumbnail for version as of 19:09, 23 October 20152,952 × 2,940 (1.8 MB)Jacek Halickiframe
18:51, 9 May 2010Thumbnail for version as of 18:51, 9 May 20102,796 × 2,796 (1.81 MB)Julia Wsorry, trying that again
18:35, 9 May 2010Thumbnail for version as of 18:35, 9 May 20102,796 × 2,796 (5.2 MB)Julia Wfresh conversion to jpeg from tiff, at higher quality
19:39, 23 April 2006Thumbnail for version as of 19:39, 23 April 20062,796 × 2,796 (771 KB)Uwe W. Original Caption Released with Image: NASA's Galileo spacecraft acquired its highest resolution images of Jupiter's moon Io on 3 July 1999 during its closest pass to Io since orbit insertion in late 1995. This color mosaic uses the near-infrared, gr

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