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English: Jikji or "Selected Teachings of Buddhist Sages and Seon Masters", published in 1377, Korea during the Goryeo Dynasty. It is the earliest known book printed with movable metal type.
한국어: 백운화상초록불조직지심체요절(白雲和尙抄錄佛祖直指心體要節, 간단히 불조직지심체요절, 직지심체요절, 직지)은 백운화상 경한이 선(禪)의 요체를 깨닫는 데에 필요한 내용을 뽑아 1372년에 펴낸 불교 서적으로, 상·하권으로 이루어져 있다. 원나라에서 받아온 불조직지심체요절의 내용을 대폭 늘려 상·하 2권으로 엮은 것이다. 전 세계에 남아 있는 금속 활자로 인쇄된 책 중에서 가장 오래된 것으로, 2001년 9월 4일 《승정원일기》와 함께 유네스코 세계기록유산에 등재되었다. 현존하는 것은 하권 1책 뿐인데, 1900년대 말 콜랭 드 프랑시 주한 프랑스 공사가 프랑스로 가지고 갔으며 현재 프랑스 국립도서관에 소장되어 있다. 이는 독일 구텐베르크의 활자보다 78년 이상 앞서 편찬되었다.
Source Bibliotheque Nationale de France. Source
English: Authored by Baegun Hwaseng (1289-1374), a master of Seon Buddhism in Korea, and published by his students, Seokchan and Daljam in 1377.
한국어: 선종의 대가인 백운화상 (1289년-1374)이 지은 책을 그의 제자인 석찬과 달잠이 1377년에 출판하였다.


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