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Dorothea Lange: Migrant mother, Nipomo, California  wikidata:Q3332083 
photographer QS:P170,Q230673
Dorothea Lange: Migrant mother, Nipomo, California
Migrant Mother
label QS:Len,"Migrant Mother"
Object type photograph / work of art
Genre portrait photography
تُظهر الصُورة فلورنسا طومسون مع عدد من أطفالها، وتعرف الصُورة باسم "الأم المُهاجرة" (Migrant Mother)، نظراً لأنَّ فلورنسا قد نزحت مع أطفالها السبعة من نيبومو في كاليفورنيا، أثناء فترة الكساد الكبير، والصورة مُلتقطة في مارس 1936. في فترة الكساد الكبير وظفت هيئة الرقابة المالية عدد من المصورين لتوثيق آثار الكساد على سكان أمريكا،فقامت المصورة دوروثي لانج بالتقاط هذه الصورة، حيثُ أصبحت فلورنسا طومسون وأطفالها رمزاً للصمود في مواجهة الشدائد.
Portrait shows Florence Thompson with several of her children in a photograph known as "Migrant Mother". The Library of Congress caption reads: "Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California." In the 1930s, the FSA employed several photographers to document the effects of the Great Depression on the population of America. Many of the photographs can also be seen as propaganda images to support the U.S. government's policy distributing support to the worst affected, poorer areas of the country. Lange's image of a supposed migrant pea picker, Florence Owens Thompson, and her family has become an icon of resilience in the face of adversity. However, it is not universally accepted that Florence Thompson was a migrant pea picker. In the book Photographing Farmworkers in California (Stanford University Press, 2004), author Richard Steven Street asserts that some scholars believe Lange's description of the print was "either vague or demonstrably inaccurate" and that Thompson was not a farmworker, but a Dust Bowl migrant. Nevertheless, if she was a "Dust Bowl migrant", she would have left a farm as most potential Dust Bowl migrants typically did and then began her life as such. Thus any potential inaccuracy is virtually irrelevant. The child to the viewer's right was Thompson's daughter, Katherine (later Katherine McIntosh), 4 years old (Leonard, Tom, "Woman whose plight defined Great Depression warns tragedy will happen again ", article, The Daily Telegraph, December 4, 2008) Lange took this photograph with a Graflex camera on large format (4"x5") negative film.[1]
Madre migrante, foto de Dorothea Lange, muestra a los desposeídos cosechadores de California, centrándose en Florence Owens Thompson, de 32 años, madre de 7 hijos, en Nipomo, California (marzo de 1936).
Français :
Portrait de Florence Owens Thompson avec plusieurs de ses enfants connu sous le titre Migrant Mother (Mère migrante), et prise par Dorothea Lange en Californie (États-Unis), en 1936. La légende originale était "Ramasseurs de pois ruinés en Californie. Mère de sept enfants, âgée de 32 ans." Selon des études ultérieures cette femme n'était pas ramasseuse de pois, mais une fermière fuyant le Dust Bowl. Elle fait partie d'une série de photographies commandées par la Farm Security Administration pour convaincre le peuple américain de la nécessité de réformes du New Deal suite à la Grande Dépression de 1929 aux États-Unis
Foto intitolata Migrant Mother, scattata da Dorothea Lange nel 1936 in California, che inquadra Florence Thompson con alcuni dei suoi sette figli, uno dei simboli della depressione economica statunitense negli anni '30.
Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange, Estados Unidos, 1936
עברית: תמונה זו מכונה "אם נודדת" ובה נראית פלורנס אוונס תומפסון (Florence Owens Thompson; 1903–1983), כשעל כתפיה שעונות שתי בנות והיא אוחזת בחיקה תינוקת. בטקסט המתאר את התמונה בספרית הקונגרס נכתב כך: "קוטפי אפונה נואשים בקליפורניה. אם לשבעה ילדים. בת שלושים ושתים." בשנות ה-30 של המאה ה-20 שרות הרווחה של הממשל הפדרלי בארה"ב העסיק כמה צלמים כדי לתעד את השפעת המשבר הגדול על התושבים. רבים מהצילומים מתקופה זו יכולים להיחשב גם כמעין תעמולה של הממשל, שתמך באוכלוסיה שנפגעה ביותר מהמשבר, באזורים העניים ביותר בארה"ב. הצלמת היא דורותי לנג. התמונה הפכה לסמל של יכולת העמידה האנושית נוכח המשבר הקשה.
Семья сборщиков гороха в период кризиса. Фото Доротеи Ланге.
Depicted people Florence Owens Thompson
Date February/March 1936
Medium 1 negative : nitrate
Dimensions Height: 5 cm (1.9 ″); Width: 4 cm (1.5 ″)
dimensions QS:P2048,5U174728;P2049,4U174728
institution QS:P195,Q131454
Accession number
Call Number/Physical Location
CALL NUMBER: LC-USF34- 009058-C [P&P]
LC-USF346-009058-C b&w film transparency
LC-USF347-009058-C b&w film safety neg.
LC-DIG-fsa-8b29516 (digital file from original neg.)
LC-USZ62-95653 (b&w film copy neg. of an unretouched file print showing thumb)
LC-USF34-T01-009058-C (b&w film dup. neg.)
LC-DIG-ppmsca-12883 (digital file from print)

Title from caption card.

Digital file was made from the original nitrate negative for "Migrant Mother" (LC-USF34-009058-C). The negative was retouched in the 1930s to erase the thumb holding a tent pole in lower right hand corner. The file print made before the thumb was retouched can be seen
A copy transparency (LC-USF346-009058-C) and a copy safety negative (LC-USF347-009058-C) are also in the collection.
Additional information about this photograph might be available through the Flickr Commons project at
LOT 0344 (Location of corresponding print.)
Published in: Library of Congress prints and photographs: an illustrated guide. Washington : Library of Congress, 1995, p. 4.
Published in: Eyes of the nation / Vincent Virga ... New York : Knopf, 1997.
Published in: American women : a Library of Congress guide ... Washington : Library of Congress, 2001, p. 186.
Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division.
More information about the FSA/OWI Collection is available at
Original file print is stored in PR 12, FSA file prints.
Migrant agricultural laborers.
Poor persons.
United States--California--San Luis Obispo County--Nipomo.
Nitrate negatives.
Portrait photographs.
Group portraits.
Migrant mother.
Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-fsa-8b29516 (digital file from original neg.) LC-DIG-ppmsca-12883 (digital file from print, pre-conservation) LC-DIG-ppmsca-23845 (digital file from print, post-conservation) LC-USF34-T01-009058-C (b&w film dup. neg.) LC-USZ62-95653 (b&w film copy neg. of an unretouched file, showing thumb) Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540
(digital file from original neg.) fsa 8b29516
(digital file from print) ppmsca 12883
(digital file from b&w film copy neg. of unretouched fileprint showing thumb) cph 3b41800
J 339168
Control Number
Authority control
Library of Congress square logo.png
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division
under the digital ID fsa.8b29516.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

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(cropped to removed negative frame, mild retouching to remove worst dust and scratches from scan);
(Reusing this file)
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Public domain This image is a work of an employee of the United States Farm Security Administration or Office of War Information domestic photographic units, taken as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain in the United States. See Copyright. US-FarmSecurityAdministration-Logo.svg


  1. United States Government. Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother": Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection: An Overview. Prints and Photographs Reading Room. Library of Congress, United States Goverment.


Migrant Mother, 1936. A photograph by Dorothea Lange, of Florence Thomspon and several of her children. less than 0 no more .

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current00:21, 30 June 2017Thumbnail for version as of 00:21, 30 June 20176,205 × 8,066 (5.57 MB)FirebraceRestoring detail lost in the previous edit.
17:40, 18 December 2011Thumbnail for version as of 17:40, 18 December 20116,205 × 8,066 (5.8 MB)SoerfmSlightly brightness
08:20, 3 June 2005Thumbnail for version as of 08:20, 3 June 20056,205 × 8,066 (5.4 MB)Dbenbennby User:Solipsist, retouched Image:Lange-MigrantMother.jpg for dust and scratches
23:59, 2 February 2005Thumbnail for version as of 23:59, 2 February 20051,549 × 2,015 (677 KB)Solipsist~commonswikiDorothea Lange ''Migrant Mother'' (1936) for the U.S. Farm Security Administration {{PD}}, cropped but larger version - mild retouching to remove worst dust and scratches from scan
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