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File:Timeline of the main schisms from the Russian Orthodox Church (1589 to 2021).svg

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Summary

Description
English: Main schisms from the Russian Orthodox Church since its recognition by the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

Some churches may have other abreviations (e.g. the ROCOR-A is also called ROCOR-PSCA; the ROCOR (V) is also called ROCiE (V); the ROCOR (M) and the RusOC are sometimes also called ROCOR (V-A) after their respective heads Anthony (Rudey) and Anthony (Orlov), etc.) and other names (e.g. the church of the Lubnyan schism is also called the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church with continuous canonical hierarchy).
Churches whose line is in yellow are churches which did not become True Orthodoxe and left their church for pastoral reasons or because they perceived heresy(ies) in their church; churches whose complete line (not just the beginning) are so because their status is too complex for me to retranscribe properly. Churches whose lines are in orange either left their church because they considered True Orthodoxy to be the truth, i.e. they considered their church as heretics for not believing in True Orthodoxy or for not being True Orthodox enough, and became True Orthodox. In case of doubt concerning the position of a church, it is assumed the church kept the ideology of the church it left.
The name "Mansonville schism", from what I understood, designates both the ROCOR (V) and the events which took place at the Holy Transfiguration skete at Mansonville, Canada (i.e., Vitaly (Ustinov), retired, former First Hierarch of the ROCOR, who was retired at the Holy Transfiguration skete at Mansonville, decided after his resignation that he still was the First Hierarch and established a new Holy Synod and church to rival the ROCOR, see РПЦЗ(В) for more information).
The ROCOR was pretty ambiguous and changed its positions concerning what to think about Ecumenism, sergianism, etc., so it is put in yellow because its positions changed from being closer to True Orthodoxy to accepting to unite with the ROC. ROCOR (V) is True Orthodox from what I can see from this 2002 statement my Met. Vitaly (Ustinov): "Never join the Moscow Patriarchate, which was created by the KGB. Never transfer to the Moscow Patriarchate, which can in no way be called a Church. The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia is the true Church of Christ, only abide to It, confess, take communion, baptize your children, in it for this is the real, Genuine Russian Church." (source) ROCOR (A) is not True Orthodox, from what I can see from the following statement of its head: "Since the repentance of the Moscow Patriarchate for the sins of Sergianism and ecumenism, longed for by our entire Church, is absent to this day, I find it premature to establish Eucharistic and administrative unity between us. I also find it unacceptable for the Church Abroad to reject its spiritual heritage, which, in my opinion, cannot be preserved in its entirety, under the conditions specified by the Act of Canonical Unity." (source). The Russian True-Orthodox Church (Vyacheslav)/Russian True Orthodox Church - Moscow Metropolia claims to be True Orthodox, but is at the same time pretty liberal. Since I could not find much about it, I left its line in yellow.
I chose to show the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church as a single line, because this is what the English WP article does, althought the situation is more complicated. I also chose to show the ROCOR as one line, despite its situation being more complex (e.g. at one point it joined the Ecumenical Patriarchate). I choose to make the Lubnyan schism a continuous line despite the fact it effectively ceased to exist between 1939/1940 and 1941.
The claim of the Seraphimo-Guennadite branch of the True Orthodox Church of descending from the ROC are dubious, hence why there is "?" next to "1972" and in its circle.

This timeline does not include:

- the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Synodal Church, as it received autocephaly from the Living Church
- the ROCA – Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (Diaspora District of the Russian Orthodox Church) (ROCANA, AUROCA (which has as subdivision the AUSTROCA), Vishegorod), a split from ROCOR-A, as there is almost no information on it
- the Holy Orthodox Church in North America (HOCNA) (also called Panteleimonite Schism): it left the Ecumenical Patriarchate to join the ROCOR, then sources are unclear as to what happened; they are currently autocephalous
- the Genuine Orthodox Church of America which is a complicated case on which I did not find much information; it also calls itself the "Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church" despite not being part of the other church called the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church below.
- the Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (BAOC), as before the election of Sergius (Okhotenko) its situation is pretty obscure and confusing, and Sergius (Okhotenko)'s election as head of the BAOC was approved by the UAOC so it is not a direct schism.
- the Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of North and South America and the British Isles as its situation is pretty obscure and complex
- the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Canonical as it apparently comes from the Polish Orthodox Church and I am unable to understand properly how it came to exist as well as its origin
- the church of Raphael (Potovilov) as well as the church of Vyacheslav (Lisovoy), as their origins are obscure and they do not have much notability
- the Russian True Orthodox Church (Raphaelites): I found nothing sourced on it, and very few on its head, Рафаил (Мотовилов)
- the far-right religious group Russian Catacomb Church of True Orthodox Christians (led currently by Ambrose von Sievers): few information concerning its origins, very small church
- the Holy Synod of Milan as it comes from the Greek Auxentios Synod
- the Russian Orthodox Church in America: its origin is unknown, and its notability is pretty low
- the Kharkiv-Poltava Diocese of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (renewed): it too smal as it is just a diocese; it joined the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in 2020
- the Apostolic Orthodox Church: too few information on it
- groups which have left groups which have previously left Eastern orthodoxy (e.g. the Ukrainian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church)
- Old Believer groups, as apparently there is so many of those groups that they are worth their own, separate timeline
Date
Source

Own work
Information from:

  • Sources are from:
- General sources: Истинно-православная церковь (article containing a list of True Orthodox Churches), Act of Canonical Communion with the Moscow Patriarchate, Unification council of the Eastern Orthodox churches of Ukraine, Conflict between Filaret and Epiphanius; this, this, this; documents on the official website of the HOCNA/HOMB.
(specific sources for those churches:)
- Union of Brest and the Roman Catholic Churches which exist because of it: Union of Brest
- Raskol and Olf Believers: Raskol
- Georgian Orthodox Church: Georgian Orthodox Church , "Key aspects of Georgian Orthodox Church’s autocephaly", Zurab Katyteladze, Exarchat de Géorgie
- Living Church: Renovationism
- Lubnyan schism: Лубенский раскол, "Ukrainization Movements within the Russian Orthodox Church, and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church", Bohdan R. Bociurkiw.
- Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church: Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
- Provisional Supreme Church Council: Григорианский раскол
- Seraphimo-Gennadite branch of the True Orthodox Church: website of the Seraphimo-Gennadite branch of the True Orthodox Church
- OUC of the Canada and UOC of the USA: Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA, Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada
- ROCOR (V), ROCOR (V-V), ROCOR (V-A)/RusOC, RusOC (D), ROCOR (M): Russian Orthodox Church in Exile
- ROCOR (V): РПЦЗ(В), https://english.religion.info/2002/01/26/orthodox-churches-schism-in-the-russian-orthodox-church-outside-russia-rocor/, https://english.religion.info/2002/06/02/moldova-will-supreme-court-victory-help-true-orthodox/
- Russian True Orthodox Church (Lazar Zhurbenko): Russian True Orthodox Church, Russian True Orthodox Church (Lazar Zhurbenko)
- ROCOR (V-V): РПЦЗ(В-В)
- ROCOR (A): Русская православная церковь заграницей (Агафангела), Russian Orthodox Church Abroad - Provisional Supreme Church Authority, Agafangel (Pashkovsky)
- ROCOR (M): Истинно-православная церковь Молдавии, https://english.religion.info/2002/06/02/moldova-will-supreme-court-victory-help-true-orthodox/, https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ecclesiastical-law-journal/article/true-orthodox-church-in-moldova-and-others-v-moldova-european-court-of-human-rights-february-20071registration-of-churches-court-order-echr-articles-9-and-13/262FA700607874B8A5A1E098379A7E70
- Russian True-Orthodox Church (Vyacheslav)/Russian True Orthodox Church - Moscow Metropolia: Russian True-Orthodox Church (Vyacheslav), Вячеслав (Лисовой)
- RUsOC: https://web.archive.org/web/20200925061309/https://ispovednik.org/%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%86/ii-%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%86/ (official website of the RusOC (D)). RusOC and RusOC (D): Российская православная церковь
- Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church: Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church, https://credo.press/153389/
- ROCOR (V-F): РПЦЗ(В-В); https://credo.press/163392/, http://www.portal-credo.ru/site/?act=lib&id=3517
Author Goran tek-en, following request by and knowledge from Veverve
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Captions

Main schisms from the Russian Orthodox Church (2021)

Items portrayed in this file

depicts

16 February 2021

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current19:33, 21 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 19:33, 21 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (75 KB)VeverveReverted to version as of 21:54, 20 April 2021 (UTC) since I supervised and requested this timeline, I allow myself to revert to the most readable version
18:07, 21 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 18:07, 21 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (57 KB)JoKalliauer<text x="25886.8" y="17162.6" fill="none" font-size="635" font-weight="bold" text-anchor="middle" stroke="#fff" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-opacity=".85" stroke-width="105.83">?</text> // Editing SVG source code using c:User:Rillke/SVGedit.js
17:39, 21 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 17:39, 21 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (57 KB)JoKalliauerchanged fonts to font-family="DejaVu Sans" (to avoid bold-problem, see c:Help_talk:SVG#PNG_rendering_varies, however DejaVu needs more space, leading to place-issues, revert it if you don't like it
21:54, 20 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 21:54, 20 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (75 KB)JoKalliauer
16:50, 17 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 16:50, 17 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (239 KB)Goran tek-enReverted to version as of 16:27, 17 April 2021 (UTC)
16:49, 17 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 16:49, 17 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (396 KB)Goran tek-enplain svg instead of optimized
16:27, 17 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 16:27, 17 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (239 KB)Goran tek-entext issue
14:48, 17 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 14:48, 17 April 20211,860 × 1,039 (240 KB)Goran tek-enAdded church line as requested by Veverve
16:44, 10 April 2021Thumbnail for version as of 16:44, 10 April 20211,860 × 979 (208 KB)Goran tek-entext changes in legend requested by Veverve
09:59, 24 March 2021Thumbnail for version as of 09:59, 24 March 20211,860 × 979 (208 KB)Goran tek-enAdded information as requested by Veverve
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