Filfel chuma, (Hebrew: פלפלצ'ומה), also spelled pilpelshuma (lit: "pepper garlic"), is the typical hot sauce of Libyan Jewish cuisine. It comes from the Libyan cuisine, where it is known as maseer (Arabic: المصير or مسّير حار, translit. mseyer). It is also known by other names like filfil mukhalal (Arabic: فلفل مخلل) and filfil makbos (Arabic: فلفل مكبوس). It is made from powdered sweet and hot peppers and crushed garlic. Other ingredients, such as ground caraway seeds, cumin, lemon juice and salt are sometimes added.
It serves as a condiment and as an ingredient in dishes such as salads, meat, fish, legumes and rice, and egg dishes such as shakshouka. It is very similar to the Tunisian harissa.