Filip Neriusz Walter

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Filip Neriusz Walter (31 May 1810 – 9 April 1847) was a Polish chemist and pioneer of organic chemistry.[1]

Life[edit]

He was one of the youngest students of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, where he studied history and chemistry in 1825–28.

Subsequently, he studied at Berlin University, receiving a Ph.D. with his dissertation On Combination of Oxalic Acid and Alkali. Simultaneously he served as assistant to Professor Eilhard Mitscherlich.[2]

On the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising, he went to Warsaw and joined the Polish Army. He served as adjutant to Colonel Samuel Różycki, commander of the 7th infantry regiment.[3]

In 1831, aged 21, he was named professor of chemistry at the Jagiellonian University, but was granted a leave of absence and went to Germany and France to become acquainted with applied chemistry.

In France he collaborated with the famous chemists, Jean Dumas and Pierre-Joseph Pelletier. His achievements won him recognition from the French Academy.

In sum, he isolated and studied 24 new chemical compounds, including toluene, biphenyl, nitrotoluene, cedrene, potassium hydroxide dihydrate, chromyl chloride, kumen, biphenyl, benzyl chloride, benzyl bromide, nitrotoluene, and menthene.

In 1847 he was decorated with the cross of the Legion of Honour.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Walter, Filip Neriusz", in Stanley S. Sokol, The Polish Biographical Dictionary, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1992.
  2. ^ Stefan Sękowski, Stefan Szostkiewicz, Serce i retorta (The Heart and the Retort), Warsaw, Wiedza Powszechna, 1957.
  3. ^ Stefan Sękowski, Stefan Szostkiewicz, Serce i retorta (The Heart and the Retort), Warsaw, Wiedza Powszechna, 1957.
  4. ^ Stefan Sękowski, Stefan Szostkiewicz, Serce i retorta (The Heart and the Retort), Warsaw, Wiedza Powszechna, 1957.

Bibliography[edit]

  1. "Walter, Filip Neriusz", in Stanley S. Sokol, The Polish Biographical Dictionary, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1992.
  2. Stefan Sękowski, Stefan Szostkiewicz, Serce i retorta (The Heart and the Retort), Warsaw, Wiedza Powszechna, 1957.
  3. Aleksander Jełowicki, Wspomnienia (Memoirs), Paris, 1839.
  4. Stanisław Wodzicki, Wspomnienia z przeszłości (Memoirs of the Past). Kraków, 1873.
  5. Adolphe Wurz, Historia poglądów chemicznych (A History of Chemical Views), Warsaw, 1886.