Filipino Australians

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Filipino Australians
Mga Australyanong Pilipino
Total population
408,836 by ancestry (2021 census)[1]
(1.6% of the Australian population)[1]
310,620 born in the Philippines (2021)[2]
Regions with significant populations
Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and other urban areas
Languages
Australian English, Tagalog, Visayan languages (Cebuano, Hiligaynon), Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Ilocano
Religion
Roman Catholicism · Protestantism · Irreligion
Related ethnic groups
Filipino people, Overseas Filipinos, Filipino Americans, Filipino Canadians

Filipino Australians (Filipino: Mga Australyanong Pilipino) are Australians of Filipino ancestry. Filipino-Australians are one of the largest groups within the global Filipino diaspora. At the 2021 census, 408,836 people stated that they had Filipino ancestry (whether alone or in combination with another ancestry), representing 1.6% of the Australian population.[1] In 2021, the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated that there were 310,620 Australian residents born in the Philippnes.[2]

Population[edit]

People born in the Philippines as a percentage of the population in Sydney divided geographically by postal area, as of the 2011 census

Currently Filipinos are the third largest Asian Australian immigrant group behind Chinese Australians and Indian Australians.[3] At the 2021 census, 408,836 people stated that they had Filipino ancestry (whether alone or in combination with another ancestry), representing 1.6% of the Australian population.[1] In 2021, the Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated that there were 310,620 Australian residents born in the Philippnes.[2]

At the 2021 census, the states with the largest numbers of people reporting Filipino ancestry were: New South Wales (152,804), Victoria (95,186), Queensland (73,805), Western Australia (46,785) and South Australia (21,257).[3]

Females account for 61% while males represent 39% of Filipino Australians born in the Philippines.[4]

History[edit]

Filipinos were excluded from entering Australia under the White Australia policy. As a consequence, their numbers in Australia remained minimal; confined to descendants of those few Filipinos who had migrated to the north west pearling areas of Western Australia and the sugar cane plantations of Queensland prior to 1901; until the abolition of racially selective immigration policies in 1966.[5] The 1901 census had recorded 700 Filipinos in Australia.[5]

The number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from the Philippines since 1991 (monthly)

Martial law in the Philippines, declared by former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, and the renunciation of the White Australia policy made Australia an attractive destination for Filipino emigrants, particularly skilled workers. Many Filipinos also settled in Australia from the 1970s onward as either migrant workers or the spouses of Australian citizens. Marriages between Filipinos and Australians rose very sharply from 1978, peaked in 1986, and remained high as of 2000, despite a dip in the early 1990s.[6] The 1980s were the period of the greatest Filipino immigration, with 1987-1988 being the peak year.[5]

Notable people[edit]

Philippine-born[edit]

Filipino ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2021 Census Community Profiles: Australia". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au.
  2. ^ a b c https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/population/migration-australia/2019-20/34120DO005_201920.xls[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  3. ^ a b https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/people-and-communities/cultural-diversity-census/2021/Cultural%20diversity%20data%20summary.xlsx[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  4. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Australia". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au.
  5. ^ a b c "The Philippines-born Community - Historical background". Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
  6. ^ "Family Formation: Cultural diversity in marriages". 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4 July 2000. Retrieved 6 June 2008.

External links[edit]