Filipino NGOs in Hong Kong
Filipino non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Hong Kong were founded by both the Filipinos and the local Chinese who aim to assist and serve the Filipino community. There are mainly three types of Filipino NGOs in Hong Kong, namely social justice NGOs, recreational NGOs, and religious NGOs.
- 1 Social background
- 2 Types of NGOs
- 2.1 Social Justice NGOs
- 2.2 Recreational NGOs
- 2.3 Religious NGOs
- 2.4 Others
- 3 Interaction with local Hong Kong people
- 4 Media
- 5 References
- 6 External links
According to the Hong Kong 2006 Population By-census, among the 5% of non-Chinese population in Hong Kong, 41.4% of them are Filipinos, comprising a population of 140,000. Many Filipinos in Hong Kong are often being associated with domestic worker which renders their community and recreational life invisible.
Types of NGOs
Social Justice NGOs
Social justice NGOs play a significant role in fighting for the rights of Filipinos living in Hong Kong as a minority population. They serve to provide humanitarian aid to the migrant Filipinos.
Social Justice NGOs organised by Filipinos
The United Filipinos in Hong Kong (UNIFIL-HK)
Being an alliance group helping overseas Filipino migrants, the United Filipinos in Hong Kong (UNIFIL-HK) was established on 12 May 1985. It acts as a platform for migrant Filipinos in Hong Kong to unite and to raise their awareness on social migrant problems. It also puts much effort on fund-raising campaign so as to help people who live in devastated regions in the Philippines, such as Marikina City and Laguna province. The organisation emphasises the importance of co-operation with different local and international Filipino NGOs, such as The Mission for Filipino Migrant Workers (HK) Society (MFMW), the Bethune House Migrant Women's Refuge (BH), and the Asia Pacific Mission for Migrant Filipinos (APMMF). Through interaction and negotiation with other NGOs, it can organise large campaigns related to different social issues.
The Mission for Filipino Migrant Workers (MFMW)
The Mission for Filipino Migrant Workers (MFMW), established on 3 March 1981, is a significant institution that assists Filipinos in Hong Kong in striving toward their social welfare. It was founded by the National Council of Churches in the Philippines(NCCP) and several religious groups in Hong Kong. Its funding sources are usually from local and foreign donation as well as yearly fund-raising campaigns. The main objective of the MFMW is to assist Filipinos in Hong Kong, especially those who work as domestic workers, in striving for rights in social justice affairs by intervention and prevention. For instance, it showed its discontent towards decision on cutting wages of foreign domestic workers by Hong Kong government in 2003. Thus it described itself as empowerment-oriented and migrant-based.
Social Justice NGOs organised by Non-Filipinos
There is a local NGO that provides service and assistance by setting up ministry that helps ethnic minority groups, especially Filipinos in Hong Kong. International Social Service Hong Kong Branch, established in January 1972, is a division from worldwide departments. Its major aim is to help workers of ethnic minority groups and their families to adapt their lives in Hong Kong. The branch held a memorial ceremony in Wan Chai after the 2010 "Manila Incident" involving Hong Kong tourists held hostage and killed in Manila. The memorial ceremony helped Filipinos living in Hong Kong to grieve for the victims.
Filipinos migrants in Hong Kong are often being associated with domestic workers, but in fact, there are vibrant recreational activities engaged by the Filipino migrants.
Recreational NGOs organised by Filipinos
Hong Kong Musicians Union
In 1948, with the growing numbers of Filipino musicians in Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Musicians Union (HKMU) was established. It was founded by British musician Pete O’Neil, then followed by Filipino musician Andy Hidalgo and this has been the norm ever since. The musicians rented flats in Hillwood Road, Tsim Sha Tsui for musical jam sessions to explore and improve their music skills until they were able to purchase a Union House in Mirador Mansion in 1957 and they would meet at the Filipino Club in Tsim Sha Tsui for general assemblies. HKMU, in co-ordination with the Philippine Consulate General and the Government of Hong Kong, has been co-organizing an annual Concert in the Park, to celebrate their love for music and promote the city’s vibrant music scene. The event was held in Kowloon Park during its inaugural years, but has since moved to the Piazza of the Hong Kong Cultural Centre.
Recreational NGOs organised by Non-Filipinos
Hong Kong Philippine Kali Association
Founded in 1998 by Fong Wing Hong, Hong Kong Philippine Kali Association is aimed at promoting to Hong Kong community the traditional Filipino martial arts, which are fight with sticks, blades and improvised weapons. Besides, the association provides adolescents training courses, helping them to learn self-defense, build up self-confidence, self-discipline, respect others and serve the community.
There are a number of Filipino NGOs in Hong Kong founded by both Filipinos and non-Filipinos on their religious background, such as Catholic, Christian, and Muslim associations that serve the Filipinos' religious interests.
Religious NGOs organised by Filipinos
The Filipino Catholic Association (FCA)
Among the religious NGOs that are founded by Filipinos, the Filipino Catholic Association (FCA) which is located at the Kowloon Rosary Church has the longest history. It was established on 8 April 1958, appointed by Lawrence Bianchi, Bishop of Hong Kong at the time. All Filipino Catholics are welcome to join the FCA. Its objective is to preserve faiths of members and to encourage them to share their blessings with others by charity and mercy works. Monthly meetings, celebrations, choir and visits to sick members are regularly held by the FCA. The FCA also requests its members to attend obsequies for the deceased ones.
Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL Church)
Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL Church) is a Christian organisation that originates in the Philippines. In Hong Kong, there are nine JIL Churches located at Sham Shui Po, Wan Chai, Central, North Point, Discovery Bay, Yuen Long, Tsuen Wan, Sai Kung and Stanley respectively.
Muslim Filipino Association (MUSFILA)
Religious NGOs organised by Non-Filipinos
Some religious organisations in Hong Kong also set up Filipino ministries to serve Filipinos in Hong Kong particularly, for example the International Christian Assembly (ICA) Hong Kong. Besides, St Anne’s Church has a division named the St. Anne’s Filipino Catholic Group in Hong Kong. The Group organises activities like prayer group, choir, home visitations, retreat and pilgrimage for believers. It also joined the "Hand to Hand, Heart to Heart, Door to Door" program to collect donations, clothes, stationeries, toys and canned food for the needy in the Philippines in 2009.
Philippine Association of Hong Kong
Established in 1961, the organisation is run by officials of different nationalities. People with business and social interests are its main target members. On one hand, it emphasises on charity involvement. On the other hand, it devotes itself in promotion of Philippine trade and investment. Thus, it serves as a multi-purposed NGO with officials from multi-countries.
Interaction with local Hong Kong people
The Manila Incident
On 23 August 2010, there was a hostage-taking incident in Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. Eight Hong Kong citizens were killed by a Philippine ex-policeman, Rolando Mendoza. A praying for the victims was organised by the Consulate General of the Philippines in Hong Kong with the Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong. Filipino Migrant Workers’ Union cooperated with some local organisations to hold a blessing section on 29 August, for Filipinos to pray and read Bible together.
Chip Tsao Incident
On 27 March 2009, Chip Tsao, a Hong Kong writer, wrote an essay titled 'The War at Home' which was publicised in a free magazine called "HK magazine". He claimed that the Philippines alleged her sovereignty of Spratly Islands and he described the Philippines as the 'nation of servants'. Chip Tsao’s essay had caused discontentment among many Filipino organisations. Some Filipino NGOs e.g. UNFIL-HK organised a march with over 2000 Filipinos participated, protesting against Tsao’s essay. They considered Tsao’s essay as a ‘racist essay’. They also called for more attention to racism and discrimination in Hong Kong.
The Philippine Government imposed a mandatory insurance on the hiring of Filipino domestic helpers. The Filipino domestic workers in Hong Kong were worried that might reduce their competitiveness towards the workers from the other countries, thus they demonstrated outside the Philippine Consulate on 9 November 2010. Filipinos also joined some demonstrations on different issues in Hong Kong, such as anti-article 23 and the legislation of minimum wage.
The SUN (newspaper), Hong Kong News, HKPinoyTV (online video news) and The Mission For Migrant Workers (MFMW) (Newsletter and magazine) are the main sources of Filipino media accessible in Hong Kong.
Filipino newspapers circulated in Hong Kong, such as The SUN (Newspaper), are a main source of media coverage for these Filipino NGOs. The SUN is established in 1995. Leo A, Deocadiz and Daisy Catherine L. Mandap are the publisher and editor of the newspaper. There are still pools of writers, mostly Filipino domestic helpers that graduated from the annual writing workshops conducted by The SUN's editors. They contribute articles to The SUN. The SUN embraces news about Filipinos in Hong Kong, news on internet and Manila newspapers. There are also feature stories about lives in Hong Kong which are from the Filipinos' views.
Amidst the advent of mobile devices and the impending dominance of social video as a media platform, HKPinoyTV was launched four years ago with a vision to provide free high definition original content video news service to the Filipino community in Hong Kong. It is currently operated and maintained by professional broadcast journalists as a public service. With a region leading 88.3% smartphone penetration in Hong Kong (eMarketer 2015), HKPinoyTV's mobile-friendly media delivery platform is always accessible (24/7) to the mobile device equipped and social media savvy overseas Filipinos. With more than 170,000 Filipino workers and residents, relevant news and interesting stories abound in Hong Kong. With informative content standing on a solid online platform, HKPinoyTV redefines the media landscape for the Filipinos in Hong Kong.
The Mission For Migrant Workers (MFMW) also publishes monthly newsletter called the New Migrant Focus and the Migrant Focus Magazine.
- Hong Kong 2006 Population By-census Thematic Report: Ethnic Minorities. http://www.statistics.gov.hk/publication/stat_report/population/B11200502006XXXXB0100.pdf
- A Primer for the United Filipinos in Hong Kong (UNIFIL-HK) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
- "Migrant maids in Hong Kong protest Philippine government fees" Financial Pages. Deutsche Presse-Agentur, 3 February 1999.
- Bethune House http://www.kuc.hk/mof/projects/bethunehouse/bethune_house.htm
- ABDON-TELLEZ, Cynthia. Differing views on levy and pay cut, South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). Pg. 10, Letters. 2 March 2003.
- MFMW. Mgrants.Net – Online Resources for Migrant Workers. http://www.migrants.net/resources/brochure/aboutmfmw.htm
- International Social Service Hong Kong Branch http://www.isshk.org/e/customize/aboutus.asp
- 少數族裔辦追思會悼人質事件八名死者http://www.881903.com/Page/ZH-TW/newsdetail.aspx?ItemId=276833 5 September 2010.
- Hong Kong Musicians Union http://www.hkmu.org/
- Free Filipino concert at Cultural Centre Piazza on Sunday http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/en/ppr_release_det2.php?id=1921 18 November 2009.
- Hong Kong Philippine Kali Association http://www.kali-fong.com.hk
- Parish Groups Rosary Church Kowloon http://rosarychurch.catholic.org.hk/A7Eng.html#e7
- Jesus Is Lord Church Hong Kong http://www.jilhongkong.org/
- The Hong Kong march rally for Palestine:Solidarity beyond color, race and religion http://www.arkibongbayan.org/2009/2009-01Jan11-hkjan11/hkjan11.htm 11 January 2008.
- International Christian Assembly Hong Kong http://www.icahk.org/
- St Anne's Church http://www.stannes.hk/organization/ministries/filipinos
- PAHK. History. Philippine Association of Hong Kong http://www.pahk.com.hk/History.htm
- 居港菲人禱告 她們也哭了http://orientaldaily.on.cc/cnt/news/20100826/00176_027.html 26 August 2010.
- 黎嘉晉, 菲人同哀馬尼拉遇難港人 基督天主伊斯蘭教徒祝禱http://christiantimes.org.hk/Common/Reader/News/ShowNews.jsp?Nid=61456&Pid=5&Version=0&Cid=220&Charset=big5_hkscs 30 August 2010.
- Tsao, Chip (27 March 2009), "The War at Home", HK Magazine, http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=454117&publicationSubCategoryId=202 1 April 2009.
- 香港六千菲律賓人上街 抗議陶傑辱菲言論http://www.chinareviewnews.com/doc/1009/3/4/3/100934348.html?coluid=7&kindid=0&docid=100934348 6 April 2009.
- Mandap, Daisy C.L.. Mandatory OFW insurance scares off overseas employers http://www.sunweb.com.hk/Story.asp?hdnStoryCode=6547& December 2010.
- The Mission For Migrant Workers HK Society Ltd. http://www.migrants.net/_index.htm