Filipp Makharadze

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Filipp Makharadze
ფილიპე მახარაძე
Филипп Иесеевич Махарадзе.jpg
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Georgian SSR
In office
1929–1931
Preceded byLavrenty Kartvelishvili
Succeeded byVladimir Sukhishivili
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR
In office
10 July 1938 – 10 December 1941
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byGeorgy Sturua
Personal details
Born(1868-03-09)9 March 1868
Kutais Governorate, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire
Died10 December 1941(1941-12-10) (aged 73)
Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
Resting placeMtatsminda Pantheon
Political partyRSDLP (Bolsheviks) (1903–1918)
All-Union Communist Party (b) (1918–1950)
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of Georgia
EducationTbilisi Spiritual Seminary
AwardsOrder of Lenin

Filipp Yeseyevich Makharadze (Georgian: ფილიპე მახარაძე, Russian: Филипп Махарадзе; 9 March 1868 – 10 December 1941) was a Georgian Bolshevik revolutionary and government official.

Life[edit]

Born in the village of Shemokmedi (Guria, Georgia),[1] Makharadze studied at the Theological Seminary in Tbilisi and later graduated from the Veterinary Institute of Warsaw (Poland).[2]

He joined the Social Democratic movement in 1891 and participated in activities in Georgia and Azerbaijan. In 1903, he joined the Caucasian Joint Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and played an active role in the 1905 Revolution in the Caucasus; he was allegedly involved in the assassination of the prominent Georgian public figure Ilia Chavchavadze in 1907.

In 1907–1915, he led various Bolshevik groups in Transcaucasia and, after the February Revolution, he co-founded the Tbilisi Soviet of Workers' Deputies. In April 1917, he was elected as a delegate to the 7th RSDRP(B) Conference and served in the Bolshevik Caucasian Region Committee. In 1919–1920, he led Bolshevik groups resisting the Menshevik government of independent Georgia. After the Soviet takeover of Georgia, he became chairman of the Georgian Revolutionary Committee in February 1921 and then directed the Georgian Central Executive Committee. In 1922, Makharadze was involved in the Georgian Affair and opposed Sergo Ordzhonikidze's designs with respect to Georgia.

Over the next decade, Makharadze headed the Transcaucasian SFSR Gosplan, the Georgian Council of People's Commissars and the Transcaucasian SFSR Central Executive Committee. In 1938, he became the Chairman of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR and later rose to the position of deputy presidium chairman of the USSR Supreme Soviet. He attended the 12th through 18th Congresses of the Communist Party and directed the Institute of Marxism–Leninism.

During his political career, Makharadze also authored a number of works, including monographs on Alexander Pushkin and Maxim Gorky, and books on the history of the Bolshevik revolutionary movement in Transcaucasia (1927), on the Soviets and the struggle for Soviet power in Georgia (1928), on the history of Georgia in the 19th Century (1932), and the history of the workers' and peasants' movement in Georgia (1932).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rhyne, George N. (1976). Wieczynski, Joseph L. (ed.). The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History. Vol. 21. Gulf Breeze, Fla.: Academic International Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780875690643.
  2. ^ Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich (1973). Great Soviet encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Macmillan. p. 342.