Filippo Camassei

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Filippo Camassei circa 1915
Styles of
Filippo Camassei
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Filippo Camassei (14 September 1848 – 18 January 1921) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1906 to 1919, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1919.


Filippo Camassei was born in Rome, and studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, from where he obtained his doctorates in theology and in canon and civil law. He was ordained to the priesthood on 12 April 1872, and then did pastoral work in Rome. In 1876, Camassei became private secretary to Cardinal Raffaele Monaco La Valletta, the Vicar-General of Rome. He was later made Rector of the Pontifical Pius Seminary in 1874, and of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum De Propaganda Fide on 10 December 1889. He was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 13 April 1897.

On 18 March 1904, Camassei was appointed Archbishop of Naxos by Pope Pius X. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 10 April from Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti, OCD, with Archbishops Pietro Gasparri and Edmund Stonor serving as co-consecrators, in the chapel of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum De Propaganda Fide. Camassei was promoted to Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem on 6 December 1906, but was later expelled to Nazareth by the Turks on 19 November 1917.

In Nazareth, he was hosted by the Franciscan friars and continued to supervise the parishes in northern Palestine. The Patriarch returned to Jerusalem after the Anglo-French victory on 3 November 1918. Shortly afterwards, in May 1919, he went to Rome for a period of rest and to visit the Vatican. Pope Benedict XV there created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Aracoeli in the consistory of 15 December and four days later he resigned as Patriarch.

Cardinal Camassei died in Rome, one year later at age 72. He is buried in the sepulchre of the Collegio de S.C. Propaganda Fide in the Campo Verano cemetery.

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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Giuseppe Zaffino
Archbishop of Naxos
Succeeded by
Leonard Brindisi
Preceded by
Luigi Piavi, OFM
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Succeeded by
Luigi Barlassina