Filippo Pigafetta

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Filippo Pigafetta (1533–1604) was an Italian mathematician and explorer.

Map of Vicenza country. From Filippo Pigafetta, Novam hanc et accuratissima Territorii Vicentini descriptionem, in Abraham Ortelius, Theatro del mondo, Anversa, 1608. Vicenza, Biblioteca Civica Bertoliana.

Pigafetta's Relatione del reame del Congo (1591) was translated into English, Latin (as Regnum Congo), French, Dutch and German. In 1608 he published an Italian version of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of Abraham Ortelius.[1]


Pigafetta's Regnum Congo plays an important role in H. P. Lovecraft's short story "The Picture in the House"[2]


  • (tr.) Le mechaniche by Guidobaldo del Monte. 1581.
  • Discorso di M. Filippo Pigafetta d'intorno all'historia della aguglia, et alla ragione del muouerla, 1586
  • (tr.) Trattato Brieve dello Schierare in Ordinanza gli Eserciti et dell'apparecchiamento della guerra by Leo VI the Wise, 1586.
  • Relatione del Reame di Congo et delle circonvicine contrade tratta dalli scritti & ragionamenti di Odoardo Lopez Portoghese, 1591.
    • Translated by Abraham Hartwell as A report of the kingdome of Congo, a region of Africa : And of the countries that border rounde about the same. 1. Wherein is also shewed, that the two zones torrida & frigida, are not onely habitable, but inhabited, and very temperate, contrary to the opinion of the old philosophers. 2. That the blacke colour which is in the skinnes of the Ethiopians and Negroes &c. proceedeth not from the sunne. 3. And that the Riuer Nilus springeth not out of the mountains of the Moone, as hath been heretofore beleeued: together with the true cause of the rising and increasing thereof. 4. Besides the description of diuers plants, fishes and beastes, that are found in those countries. Drawen out of the writinges and discourses of Odoardo Lopez a Portingall, by Philippo Pigafetta, 1597.
  • (tr.) Compendio dal Theatro del Mondo by Abraham Ortelius. 1612. Translated from the Latin Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.


  1. ^ Antonio Pigafetta (2007). Theodore J. Cachey Jr. (ed.). The First Voyage Around the World, 1519–1522: An Account of Magellan's Expedition. University of Toronto Press. p. liii. ISBN 978-0-8020-9370-7. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  2. ^ The Picture in the House