Filisur

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Filisur
View of Filisur lookin southeast, upwards towards the Albula Pass
View of Filisur lookin southeast, upwards towards the Albula Pass
Coat of arms of Filisur
Coat of arms
Filisur is located in Switzerland
Filisur
Filisur
Filisur is located in Canton of Graubünden
Filisur
Filisur
Coordinates: 46°40′N 9°41′E / 46.667°N 9.683°E / 46.667; 9.683Coordinates: 46°40′N 9°41′E / 46.667°N 9.683°E / 46.667; 9.683
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area[1]
 • Total 44.49 km2 (17.18 sq mi)
Elevation 1,032 m (3,386 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 445
 • Density 10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Postal code 7477
SFOS number 3522
Surrounded by Alvaneu, Bergün/Bravuogn, Savognin, Schmitten, Tiefencastel, Tinizong-Rona, Davos
Website www.filisur.ch
SFSO statistics

Filisur is an Alpine village and municipality in the Albula Region in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The village sits on a hillside with a view to the west where the two rivers Albula/Alvra from the Albula Pass and Landwasser from Davos meet.

History[edit]

Filisur is first mentioned in 1262 as villa Fallisour.[3]

Geography[edit]

Filisur has an area, as of 2006, of 44.6 km2 (17.2 sq mi). Of this area, 18.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 46.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (33.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Bergün subdistrict of the Albula district, since 2017 it is part of the Albula Region.[5] It consists of the village of Filisur and the hamlet of Jenisberg at an elevation of 1,504 m (4,934 ft).

Demographics[edit]

Filisur has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 445.[2] As of 2008, 14.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 0.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (84.5%), with Italian being second most common (6.7%) and Romansh being third (3.0%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Filisur is; 58 people or 12.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 36 people or 7.7% are 10 to 14, and 23 people or 4.9% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 60 people or 12.9% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 57 people or 12.2% are 30 to 39, 67 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, and 72 people or 15.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 39 people or 8.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 31 people or 6.7% are 70 to 79, there are 17 people or 3.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 6 people or 1.3% who are 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 36.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (33.3%), the SPS (22%) and the CVP (6.5%).[4]

In Filisur about 69.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Filisur has an unemployment rate of 2.02%. As of 2005, there were 72 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 86 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1803 164
1850 280
1888 273
1900 644a
1910 333
1950 375
1960 318
1970 325
1980 410
1990 413
2000 333
^a Population increase during construction of the Rhaetian Railway line

Weather[edit]

Filisur has an average of 109.9 days of rain per year and on average receives 893 mm (35.2 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Filisur receives an average of 122 mm (4.8 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.3 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 43 mm (1.7 in) of precipitation over 12.3 days.[8]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Landwasser Viaduct, 65 m (213 ft) high and 136 m (446 ft) long, built in 1902
Ruins of Greifenstein Castle

The castle ruins of Greifenstein and the Schmittentobel-Landwasser Viaduct of the Rhaetian Railway are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Filisur's railway station is located in the northwest of the village 50 metres above the center and served by the Rhaetian Railway (RhB), the Glacier Express and the Bernina Express on the route between Chur (585 metres (1,919 ft)) and St. Moritz (1,775 metres (5,823 ft)). It is also the end station for the line to Davos.

PostBus Switzerland also operate services through the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Filisur in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 24-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1030 meters above sea level.
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 24-Sep-2009


External links[edit]