Film Ventures International
|Edward L. Montoro|
Film Ventures International (FVI) was an independent movie production and distribution company originally situated in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1970s. FVI garnered a notorious reputation within the industry for producing films which were highly derivative of many blockbusters of the era. The company mainly specialized in producing and distributing B-Movies and horror fare.
The entrepreneur who spearheaded the company was Edward L. Montoro. He wrote, directed and produced the company's first feature film Getting Into Heaven in 1968. The adult film was made for $13,000 and grossed almost 20 times its cost.
FVI was known for acquiring Italian genre films and distributing them within the United States. These films included the 1968 spaghetti western Boot Hill, a sequel to the famous Trinity films; and the 1974 horror thriller Beyond the Door starring Juliet Mills.
FVI acquired Beyond the Door for $100,000 and the film went on to earn $9 million at the box office, making it one of the most successful independent releases of that year. Detailing a Woman possessed by a demon, Beyond the Door was labeled a rip-off of The Exorcist. Warner Bros. promptly filed a lawsuit, claiming copyright infringement. The lawsuit failed after it was determined Warner Bros. had no rights to key horror scenes depicted in The Exorcist.
FVI produced and distributed Grizzly in 1976, one of the first of the Jaws clones. Montoro financed the film for $750,000 and it was directed by William Girdler. Grizzly was a surprise hit, earning more than $39 million and becoming the most financially successful independent film of 1976. Montoro decided to keep the profits for himself, resulting in a lawsuit against FVI by Girdler and producer/screenwriters Harvey Flaxman and David Sheldon. FVI eventually returned the profits to the filmmakers. Montoro's FVI worked with Girdler on the animal horror thriller The Day of the Animals the following year, though the collaboration did not achieve the success of Grizzly.
Montoro eventually moved FVI's headquarters to Hollywood and began churning out multiple genre films over the next seven years including Search and Destroy (1979) starring Don Stroud; The Dark (1979) starring William Devane; The Visitor (1979) starring Glenn Ford; H. G. Wells' The Shape of Things to Come (1979) starring Jack Palance; Kill and Kill Again (1981); The Incubus (1981) starring John Cassavetes; Texas Lightning (1981) starring Cameron Mitchell; Pieces (1982) starring Christopher George; They Call Me Bruce? (1982); Pod People (1983); Vigilante (1983) starring Robert Forster; The House on Sorority Row (1983); Mortuary (1983) starring Bill Paxton; Alley Cat (1984); and Mutant (1984) starring Bo Hopkins.
In 1980, FVI acquired the rights to the Italian film Great White, a thinly veiled Jaws rip-off starring James Franciscus and Vic Morrow. Montoro and FVI spent over $4 million in advertising in the U.S., but Universal Pictures promptly filed suit, claiming that the film was too derivative of Jaws. Universal won the lawsuit and Great White was pulled from the theaters after one week of release. The failure of Great White was a major monetary loss for FVI.
By 1984, FVI was on the verge of collapse due to multiple financial issues including the release failure of Great White, the poor box office performance of FVI's final film Mutant, and a pending divorce settlement of Montoro's. Surprising many within the industry, Montoro took one million dollars from FVI and vanished never to be seen again. Film Ventures International officially closed its doors in 1985, filing Chapter 11 bankruptcy and later being purchased by the INI Corporation. To this day, Montoro's whereabouts remain unknown, though it is believed he fled to Mexico.
- "The Unknown Movies, FVI: What You Didn't Know". badmovieplanet.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Internet Movie Database, Biography for Edward L. Montoro". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "The Unknown Movies, Readers' FVI Questions". badmovieplanet.com. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- New York Times
- "William Girdler, Hollywood Films". williamgirdler.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Film Ventures International". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Edward L. Montoro". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Internet Movie Database, Ultimo squalo, L' (Great White)". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- Film Ventures International at the Internet Movie Database
- Edward L. Montoro at the Internet Movie Database
- Interview discussing Film Ventures International
- Site devoted to film director William Girdler
- DVD review of Grizzly by Scott Weinberg
- Film Ventures International About Page
- Film Ventures International Legacy Page