Film producers prepare and then supervise the making of a film before presenting the product to a financing entity or a film distributor. They might be employed by a production company or be independent, yet either way they help the creative people as well as the accounting personnel. The average Hollywood film made in 2013 had just over 10 producers credits (3.2 producers, 4.4 executive producers, 1.2 co-producers, 0.8 associate producers and 0.5 other types of producer).
Development (film rights)
During the "discovery stage" the producer has to find and acknowledge promising material. Often a producer must then retrieve the film rights or an option. If the rights owner is worried about preserving the integrity, voice and vision of their work, the producer might have to comply with a variety of demands concerning the screenplay, the film director, the casts or other topics. Thus it occasionally takes a lot of time and effort before the actual pre-production can begin. Late German producer Bernd Eichinger is said to have worked 15 years on convincing novelist Patrick Süskind just to agree to a film adaptation of his book Perfume. However, sometimes all effort is futile. J. D. Salinger, for example, refused all film producers as long as he lived.
Unless the film is supposed to be based on an original script, the producer has to find an appropriate screenwriter. If an existing script is considered flawed, they are able to order a new version or make the decision to hire a script doctor. The producer also has the final say on which film director gets hired. In some cases they also have the last word when it comes to casting questions.
For various reasons, producers cannot always personally supervise all parts of their production. For example some producers run a company which also deals with film distribution. Also cast and film crew often work at different times and places and certain films even require a second unit. Consequently it is normal that the main producer will appoint executive producers, line producers or unit production managers who represent the main producer's interests. The executive producer for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back and Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was George Lucas himself, the creator of the Star Wars universe.
Whether the person credited as "producer" or a person credited as "executive producer" has more input on a production is not always clear and is subject to change as the film is substantiated. Since filmmaking is a dynamic process, responsibilities can grow or shift in the process and to-be credits for producers can get adjusted retroactively. For example somebody hired as "line producer" might later be credited as "executive producer".
Because of these dynamics it is imperative that all involved producers agree on production standards right from the start. It is said that negligence in that matter can lead to a domino effect.
Among other things the producer has the last word on whether sounds or music have to be changed or scenes have to be lopped. Even if the shooting has officially been finished, the producers can still demand that additional scenes be filmed. In case of a negative test screening producers may even demand and get an alternative film ending. This happened for example with First Blood. Producers are also in charge of selling the film or arranging distribution rights.
|“||From the first draft script, through all stages of production, to the final dub, success or failure rests largely in the hands of the producer. Experience in this field does not come overnight. Rather it is born out of long years of creative and technical know-how, and above all a love for the job and all that goes with it, together with the ability to choose the right talent with which to surround himself.||”|
Film schools offer degree courses that include film production knowledge. Some courses are especially designed for future film producers, focusing on key topics like pitching, script development, script assessment, shooting schedule design and budgeting. The students can also expect practical training in regards to post-production.
On the occasion of announcing his own film school "L’Ecole de la Cite" film producer Luc Besson admitted that at the beginning of his career he would have appreciated the chance to attend a film school.
The average annual salary for a producer in the US is $109,860. If you look just at the 15,000+ producers in the L.A. area, the average annual salary is $138,640. Producers also often have an agreement to take a percentage of the movie's sales. 
- Abdisalam Aato – Xaaskayga Araweelo
- J. J. Abrams – Lost, Cloverfield, Alias, Mission: Impossible III, Star Trek, Fringe
- Judd Apatow – The Cable Guy, Anchorman, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Knocked Up, Superbad, Freaks and Geeks
- Avi Arad – Spider-Man, X-Men, Blade
- Lawrence Bender – Pulp Fiction, Kill Bill, An Inconvenient Truth, Reservoir Dogs, Good Will Hunting
- Armyan Bernstein – Air Force One, The Hurricane, Children of Men, Bring It On
- Albert R. Broccoli, Michael G. Wilson, Barbara Broccoli – James Bond film series
- Mel Brooks – The Elephant Man, The Fly, Frances, 84 Charing Cross Road, Young Frankenstein
- Jerry Bruckheimer – Top Gun, Crimson Tide, The Rock, Con Air, National Treasure, Pirates of the Caribbean film series, CSI (franchise)
- Tim Burton – The Nightmare Before Christmas, Cabin Boy, James and the Giant Peach, 9
- Jim Carrey – Bruce Almighty, Fun with Dick and Jane
- Yash Chopra, Aditya Chopra – Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, Veer-Zaara, Dhoom 2
- Raymond Chow – The Big Boss, Fist of Fury, Enter the Dragon, Project A, Winners and Sinners, Game of Death, Game of Death II
- Ethan Coen – Blood Simple, Raising Arizona, Barton Fink, Fargo, No Country for Old Men
- Tom Cruise – Mission: Impossible, Vanilla Sky, Narc, The Others, Minority Report, War Of The Worlds, The Last Samurai, Shattered Glass
- Dean Devlin – Independence Day, Godzilla, The Patriot
- Lorenzo di Bonaventura – Constantine, Shooter, Transformers
- Leonardo DiCaprio – The Aviator, The 11th Hour
- Michael Douglas – Romancing the Stone, Jewel of the Nile, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
- Eric Eisner – Risky Business, Beetlejuice, Hamlet 2
- Nora Ephron – Michael, You've Got Mail, Bewitched
- Robert Evans – Love Story, The Godfather, Chinatown, The Saint
- Chantal Feghali – Alexander, Cloverfield, Terminator Salvation, World Trade Center, I Know What You Did Last Summer, The Score, Sleepy Hollow, I Still Know What You Did Last Summer
- Buzz Feitshans – Rambo, Die Hard with a Vengeance, Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines
- Ted Field – The Amityville Horror, The Last Samurai, Runaway Bride, What Dreams May Come, Jumanji, Revenge of the Nerds
- Peter Fonda – Easy Rider
- Mel Gibson – Braveheart, The Passion of the Christ
- Richard N. Gladstein – Finding Neverland, The Bourne Identity, Pulp Fiction, The Cider House Rules
- Charles Gordon – Field of Dreams, Waterworld, Die Hard, Die Hard 2
- Brian Grazer – Splash, Parenthood, Apollo 13, How the Grinch Stole Christmas, A Beautiful Mind, The Da Vinci Code
- Matt Groening – The Simpsons, Futurama, The Simpsons Movie
- Paul Haggis – Crash, Million Dollar Baby, Letters from Iwo Jima
- Tom Hanks – Cast Away, Band of Brothers, Mamma Mia, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, The Polar Express, Evan Almighty, My Life in Ruins, City of Ember, The Pacific
- Michael Hausman – Ragtime, Silkwood, Amadeus, House of Games,The People vs. Larry Flynt, Gangs of New York, Brokeback Mountain, All the King's Men, Taking Woodstock
- David Heyman – Harry Potter film series
- Peter Jackson – The Lord of the Rings film series, King Kong, District 9, The Hobbit film series
- Shintaro Katsu – Shogun Assassin, Zatoichi Meets Yojimbo
- Howard Kazanjian – Raiders of the Lost Ark, Return of the Jedi, Demolition Man
- Kathleen Kennedy – The Sixth Sense, Always, Munich, Jurassic Park
- Alexander Korda – Things to Come, The Four Feathers, The Thief of Bagdad
- Stanley Kubrick – Fear and Desire, Killer's Kiss, Dr. Strangelove, 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Clockwork Orange, Barry Lyndon, The Shining, Full Metal Jacket, Eyes Wide Shut
- Gary Kurtz – Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back, The Dark Crystal
- J. F. Lawton – Under Siege, V.I.P., Jackson
- Spike Lee – Crooklyn, Malcolm X
- George Lucas – Star Wars, Indiana Jones
- Branko Lustig – Schindler's List, Gladiator
- Charlie Lyons – The Guardian, The Water Horse, The Half Life of Timofey Berezin, Mardi Gras
- Eric Manes – Voices of Iraq
- Frank Marshall – The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, The Bourne Ultimatum, Back to the Future trilogy, Jurassic Park, The Sixth Sense
- W. David McBrayer – Beat the Drum
- Rick McCallum – Star Wars
- Ismail Merchant – Bombay Talkie, A Room with a View, Mr & Mrs Bridge, The Remains of the Day, Jefferson in Paris, The Golden Bowl, The White Countess
- Arnon Milchan – Pretty Woman, Natural Born Killers, L.A. Confidential, City of Angels, Entrapment, Fight Club, Unfaithful, Daredevil, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, The Fountain, What Happens in Vegas
- Walter Mirisch – West Side Story, The Sound of Music
- Hayao Miyazaki – Spirited Away, Princess Mononoke, Whisper of the Heart
- Scott Mosier – Clerks, 'Mallrats, Chasing Amy
- Michael Nozik – Syriana, The Motorcycle Diaries, Quiz Show, The Legend of Bagger Vance, Mississippi Masala
- Tyler Perry – Diary of a Mad Black Woman, Madea's Family Reunion
- Jon Peters
- Julia Phillips – The Sting, Taxi Driver, Close Encounters of the Third Kind
- Hal Roach – Our Gang
- Robert Rodriguez – El Mariachi, Desperado, From Dusk till Dawn, Grindhouse
- Scott Rudin – No Country for Old Men, School of Rock, The Royal Tenenbaums, Clueless
- Harry Saltzman – James Bond, Battle of Britain, The Ipcress File
- Adam Sandler – The Waterboy, Big Daddy, Little Nicky, The Animal, Mr. Deeds, Eight Crazy Nights, The Hot Chick, Anger Management, 50 First Dates, The Longest Yard, Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo, Click, Joe Dirt, I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry
- Martin Scorsese – The Grifters, Naked in New York, The Aviator
- David O. Selznick – King Kong, Gone with the Wind, The Third Man
- Run Run Shaw
- Daryush Shokof – Seven Servants, Iran Zendan,Heaven's Taxi
- Joel Silver – The Matrix, Lethal Weapon, Predator, Veronica Mars, V for Vendetta
- Dean Silvers – Flirting with Disaster, Spanking the Monkey, Manny & Lo, Wigstock: The Movie
- John Singleton – Boyz n the Hood
- Sam Spiegel – The African Queen, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia
- Steven Spielberg – The Goonies, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Poltergeist, Transformers (executive)
- Ben Stiller – Blades of Glory, Zoolander, The Ruins, Tropic Thunder
- Shobuj Taposh – Cycle, Chittagong, Bangladesh
- Quentin Tarantino – From Dusk till Dawn, Hostel, Grindhouse
- Irving Thalberg – Mutiny on the Bounty, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Grand Hotel, A Night at the Opera
- Hal B. Wallis – The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca
- Fran Walsh – The Lord of the Rings, King Kong, The Lovely Bones, Halo
- Robert Watts – Return of the Jedi, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, You Only Live Twice
- Harvey Weinstein
- Ralph Winter – Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, X-Men, Fantastic Four, X2: X-Men United
- Saul Zaentz – One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Amadeus, The English Patient
- Darryl F. Zanuck – The Grapes of Wrath, All About Eve, The Longest Day
- Robert Zemeckis – The Frighteners, Matchstick Men, Monster House
- Warren Zide – American Pie franchise, Final Destination franchise, Cats & Dogs, The Big Hit, High School (coming soon to theaters)[when?]
- "Summary Report for: Producers". ONET Online. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
- "Film Job Profiles: Director". Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Production". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "The producer plans the production, hires key staff, organises financial backing and budgets, distribution, etc.". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "Actors, producers, and directors". US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010–11 Edition. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- "How many producers does it take to make a film?". Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "Production". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "A screenplay agreement normally provides that the copyright is assigned to the producer". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "He created a screenplay about a rough-and-tumble thug who struggles for a chance to make it as a professional boxer. According to several reports, Stallone refused to sell the script unless he was allowed to star in it.". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "A Farewell to Bernd Eichinger: German Film Loses its Leading Man". Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Allen, Nick (19 June 2010). "JD Salinger always insisted The Catcher in the Rye was "unactable" and refused to let Hollywood anywhere near his masterpiece". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- "writers Neal Purvis and Robert Wade have been hired to pen the screenplay for producer Dino de Laurentiis". Retrieved 13 April 2007.
- "Goldman was contacted by director/producer Rob Reiner to write the screenplay". Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "He began work on the script. And worked on it and worked on it, pushing it through seven drafts before arriving at a version with which de Laurentiis was satisfied". Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "Broccoli insisted on a rewrite, claiming to story was too political for a 007 film. Writer Christopher Wood was brought on board to collaborate with Maibaum and expand upon Broccoli’s personal concept for the film". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Bergan, Ronald (4 August 2010). "the producers Albert R Broccoli and Harry Saltzman hired him for two weeks to doctor the Richard Maibaum script of Diamonds Are Forever". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- "Next De Laurentiis hired King Vidor, director of Duel in the Sun (1946) and The Fountainhead (1949) to make the movie". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "He also stuck loyally by gifted American directors when they were out of favour or off form. Robert Altman made one of his less successful pictures, Buffalo Bill and the Indians (1976), for De Laurentiis, who also helped the luckless Michael Cimino back on his feet after the commercial disaster of Heaven's Gate". The Daily Telegraph (London). 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "Cubby Broccoli personally broke his own golden rule and cast her as the mysterious Octopussy". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Bergan, Ronald. "In 1979, Eichinger bought a large stake in the Munich-based production and distribution company Constantin Film, which he ran as a hands-on producer for over 30 years". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- "Europacorp studio posted $186 million in revenues last year, making it second only to Germany's Constantin Film as Europe's largest independent studio". Retrieved 10 March 2009.
- Cieply, Michael (8 November 2012). "Three Studios Agree to Let a Guild Certify Credits for Film Producers". New York Times. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "Lucas continued the Star Wars saga as storywriter and executive producer with The Empire Strikes Back in 1980 and Return of the Jedi in 1983.". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "All the projects that I have been involved with have allowed me to see how important it is to get things right from the beginning. Production standards – good or bad – can cause a domino effect in the chain of command all the way through the process.". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "test audiences nearly rioted after cheering for Rambo and then seeing him die. So the producers went back to Hope, British Columbia, the location for the film, and shot a new ending in which Rambo lives". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- The Avengers Forever: Julian Wintle Retrieved 2011-09-10
- "Mr. Kramer began his career in the 1930s as an editor and writer, later forming an independent production company". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "The MFA Advanced Film Practice programme aims to equip you with the creative, professional and technical knowledge you will need to enter the professional arena as a writer, producer or director.". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "The training course last three years and the interdisciplinary teaching programme prepares students in the specific areas of directing, scriptwriting, acting, photography, editing, sound techniques, production, set-design, props and wardrobe". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Our BA in Film Production is one of our most highly sought-after courses.". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Producing seminars teach through practical studies in production, script development, budgeting, and media economics". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "All student films are developed, shot and post-produced in teams, closely mirroring a realistic industry work process in order to ease graduates’ transitions to the professional environment". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Luc Besson launches film school". Variety. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Film producers.|
- The film producer as a creative force (Widescreen Journal)