Filmfare Awards

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Filmfare Awards
Current: 65th Filmfare Awards
Filmfare trophy.jpg
Trophy of the award
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements
CountryIndia
Presented byFilmfare
First awarded21 March 1954 (1954-03-21)
Last awarded15 February 2020 (2020-02-15)
WebsiteFilmfare
Television/radio coverage
NetworkSony Entertainment Television (India) (2000-2017)
Colors TV
(2018-Present)

The Filmfare Awards are a set of awards that honour artistic and technical excellence in the Hindi-language film industry of India. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the most famous film events in India.[1][2][3] The awards were first introduced by the Filmfare magazine of The Times Group in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards. They were initially referred to as the "Clare Awards" or "The Clares" after Clare Mendonca, the editor of The Times of India. A dual voting system was developed in 1956. Under this system, in contrast to the National Film Awards, which are decided by a panel appointed by Indian Government, the Filmfare Awards are voted on by both the public and a committee of experts.

The ceremony had been sponsored by various private organisations in the past as well as in present provisions. During several years in the 1990s, a live ceremony was broadcast to television audiences but was later discontinued due to unknown reasons. Since 2001, a recorded and edited version of the awards ceremony was televised on SET a week or two after the ceremony has been held. Since 2018, the ceremony has been televised on Colors. The 65th Filmfare Awards event was held on the 16th of February 2020 at Sarusajai Stadium, Guwahati.[4]

The Filmfare Awards have been often referred to as the Hindi film industry's equivalent to the Academy Awards in the United States. Until the mid-1990s, Filmfare Awards were the preeminent and most-recognised awards in Bollywood until several other awards sprouted up in Mumbai. This has resulted in poor viewership since 2000s.[1][2][3][5]

In addition to the flagship event, Filmfare also has variants for other Indian film industries, such as Filmfare Awards South for South Indian cinema, Filmfare Marathi Awards for Marathi cinema, and Filmfare Awards East for eastern Indian cinema.[6]

History[edit]

The Introduction[edit]

Indian actor Saif Ali Khan with wife Kareena Kapoor at the 53rd Filmfare Awards ceremony

The Filmfare awards were first introduced in 1954. The Clares was the original name of the award ceremony, named after The Times of India critic Clare Mendonca. Readers of Filmfare were polled to decide the winners, and over 20,000 readers spread throughout India participated in the polls; trophies were given to winners of the popular vote. In the first awards function, held on 21 March 1954 at the Metro Theatre of Mumbai, only five awards were presented: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Music Director. Do Bigha Zameen was the first movie to win the award for Best Film. The first winners for other four categories were: Bimal Roy for his direction of Do Bigha Zameen, Dilip Kumar for his performance in Daag, Meena Kumari for her performance in Baiju Bawra, and Naushad Ali for his music in Baiju Bawra. Filmfare Awards also introduced the Short Film Category in 2017, with Vidya Balan and Gauri Shinde on the jury.[7] The People's Choice Award for Best Short Film was presented to Khamakha. Short films like Chutney, Matitali Kusti and Taandav won awards as well.[8]

Hollywood star Gregory Peck was invited to be the guest of honour at the first ever awards on 21 March 1954 at the Metro theatre, Mumbai but could not make it to the function since his flight from Colombo got delayed. However, Peck did attend the banquet that followed the award night at Wellington Club (Gymkhana), Mumbai.[9][10]

Postponement in 1986 and 1987[edit]

The winners for the year 1985 were announced in 1986 and the event was scheduled to be held at the Brabourne Stadium in December 1986. Unfortunately, the 'Bombay film Industry', as was known then went on strike in '86 because of its many contentious issues with the Government of Maharashtra. So the ceremony was pushed to the next year. The winners of 1985 were awarded on 28 January 1987. Due to Security reasons, Filmfare was not awarded for 1986 and 1987.[11]

The Red Carpet[edit]

The Red Carpet is a segment that takes place before the beginning of the actual ceremony. This is when actors, actresses, producers, directors, singers, composers, and others that have contributed to Indian cinema are introduced.[12] Hosts question the celebrities about upcoming performances and who they think deserves to take the Black Lady home.[13]

In 2013[edit]

The 2013 Filmfare awards took place in Mumbai at the Yash Raj Studios in Andheri. A special press conference was held just for its announcement and this took place at the Suburban hotel in Mumbai as well. The theme that year was a hundred years in the future. The reason for the theme to be held that year was because it was meant to be a continuous from previous year's theme where the fraternity celebrated the completion of a hundred years in Indian cinema at the box office.[14]

Filmfare Statuette[edit]

The statuette, depicting a woman whose arms are upraised in a dance number with her fingers touching, is commonly referred to as "The Black Lady" (or "The Lady in Black"). Originally designed by N.G. Pansare under the supervision of Times of India's art director Walter Langhammer, it is generally made of bronze, its height is 46.5 cm and it weighs around five kg.[15] To celebrate the 25th year of the awards, the statues were made in silver and to celebrate the 50th year the statues were made in gold.[16] The Filmfare trophy is manufactured by The Award Gallery since 2000.[17] Till 2012, there were only a few changes made to the trophy. But recently, as of 2013, a huge change has been made to give the trophy a 3-D look.[18] There were two reasons were given for this change. The organisers believe that this was necessary to match the many advances in technology in today's world which will advance a lot more in the coming years as well. Also, this was an attempt to match the theme of the 2013 set of awards at Filmfare in Mumbai: a hundred years leap into the future.[14]

Nomination[edit]

Rules[edit]

All films that release in a calendar year i.e. between January 1 and December 31 qualify for the public voting process. [19]

Voters[edit]

Filmfare relies on a public voting system for the nomination of films. A form for the common public, across print and online platforms is released where people cast their vote for their favourite films, songs and artistes in 10 categories. The voting data is then compiled, to arrive at the final set of nominees for the popular categories. After zeroing in on popular nominations, a voting form containing the potential nominations is sent to jury members of the Popular category. The jury members then rank nominees in all 10 popular categories to decide the winners.

Besides the popular jury, a technical and a critics' jury composed of renowned filmmakers, technicians and artistes select the winners of the Techinal and Critics’ awards. [20]

Popular awards[edit]

Current awards[edit]

Discontinued awards[edit]

Critics' awards[edit]

Current critics’ awards[edit]

Discontinued critics’ awards[edit]

Technical awards[edit]

Special awards[edit]

Current special awards[edit]

Discontinued special awards[edit]

Short film awards[edit]

  • People's choice award for Best Short Film
  • Best Short Film in Fiction
  • Best Short Film in Non-Fiction
  • Best Actor Male Short Film
  • Best Actor Female Short Film

Criticism[edit]

Accusations of bribery[edit]

In his 2017 autobiography Khullam Khulla: Rishi Kapoor Uncensored, Rishi Kapoor revealed that he paid someone 30,000 (equivalent to 720,000 or US$10,000 in 2019) to win him the Best Actor award for Bobby, beating Rajesh Khanna for his peformance in Daag and Amitabh Bachchan's performance for Zanjeer. However, he is not certain if the person he paid actually had connections to the Filmfare committee, or if he was just a conman.[21] Shah Rukh Khan admitted in Aap Ki Adalat that he tried to buy a award for Baazigar. However, he also claimed that the Filmfare editor refused to take the money, though he got the award anyway. [22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b AlMishra, Vijay, Bollywood Cinema: A Critical Genealogy (PDF), Victoria University of Wellington, p. 9, retrieved 24 February 2011
  2. ^ a b Mehta, Monika (2005), "Globalizing Bombay Cinema: Reproducing the Indian State and Family", Cultural Dynamics, 17 (2): 135–154 [145], doi:10.1177/0921374005058583
  3. ^ a b Boltin, Kylie (Autumn 2003), "Saathiya: South Asian Cinema Otherwise Known as 'Bollywood'", Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine (136): 52–5, ISSN 0312-2654
  4. ^ "Stage set for 65th Filmfare night in Guwahati". in.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Filmfare Awards have lost their gleam over the years". Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011. The Filmfare is equivalent to the Oscars for India.
  6. ^ "Filmfare Marathi: Nominations are out - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "'Filmfare Awards to introduce Short Film category this year; Vidya Balan, Gauri Shinde on the jury' – First Post". firstpost.com. 16 December 2016.
  8. ^ "'WINNERS OF THE FILMFARE AWARDS 2017' – Film fare". filmfare.com.
  9. ^ "'I behaved like Gregory Peck to impress Suraiya' – The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 14 June 2003. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  10. ^ "Filmfare Awards Facts". Liveindia.com. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  11. ^ "50 years of Filmfare awards". Hamara Forums. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  12. ^ Kritika Ajmani (25 January 2014). "59th Idea Filmfare Awards 2013: Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Priyanka Chopra sizzle on the red carpet. View pics! – Bollywood News & Gossip, Movie Reviews, Trailers & Videos at". Bollywoodlife.com. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  13. ^ "Tonight at 7.30pm: we live blog (well, not really) about the Filmfare Awards | The National". Blogs.thenational.ae. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Filmfare Awards to be held on January 24 - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  15. ^ Pinto, Jerry (April 1997). "Tangy titbits from the Filmfare past". Filmfare. Archived from the original on 5 July 1998. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  16. ^ "A golden glow for Filmfare". The Hindu. PTI. 28 January 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  17. ^ "The Award Gallery – Trophy Partners".
  18. ^ "Filmfare Award 2014: Priyanka Chopra Unveils Special 3D Trophy [PHOTOS]". Ibtimes.co.in. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  19. ^ "The complete process: Here's the how the Filmfare Awards jury works". filmfare.com. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  20. ^ "The complete process: Here's the how the Filmfare Awards jury works". filmfare.com. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Uncensored: Rishi Kapoor reveals *exactly* why he bought an award for Bobby". India Today. 19 January 2017.
  22. ^ "When Shah Rukh Khan bribed Filmfare to buy an award". in.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 26 November 2020.

External links[edit]