Satyajit Ray filmography
Satyajit Ray ( listen (help·info); 2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker who worked prominently in Bengali cinema and who has often been regarded as one of the great directors of world cinema. Ray was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata) to a Bengali family and started his career as a junior visualiser. His meeting with French film director Jean Renoir, who had come to Calcutta in 1949 to shoot his film The River (1951), and his 1950 visit to London, where he saw Vittorio De Sica's Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thieves) (1948), inspired Ray to become a film-maker. Ray made his directorial debut in 1955 with Pather Panchali and directed 36 films, comprising 29 feature films, five documentaries, and two short films.
Although Ray's work generally received critical acclaim, his film Pather Panchali and Ashani Sanket (1973) were criticised for "exporting poverty" and "distorting India's image abroad". His Apu Trilogy (1955–1959) appeared in Time's All-Time 100 Movies in 2005. Aside from directing, Ray composed music and wrote screenplays for films, both his own and those by other directors. Often credited as a fiction writer, illustrator, and calligrapher; Ray authored several short stories and novels in Bengali, most of which were aimed at children and adolescents. Some of his short stories have been adapted into films by other directors, including his only son, Sandip Ray. Considered a cultural icon in India and acknowledged for his contribution to Indian cinema, Ray has influenced several filmmakers around the world, including Wes Anderson, Martin Scorsese, James Ivory, François Truffaut and Carlos Saura.
Ray intended to make various other films, including The Alien which inspired Steven Spielberg's 1982 film E.T.; a documentary on Indian sitar player Ravi Shankar; an adaptation of the ancient Indian epic, the Mahābhārata; and an adaptation of E. M. Forster's 1924 novel, A Passage to India. However, none had been started when he died in 1992.
Ray received numerous awards at international film festivals and elsewhere, including several Indian National Film Awards and an honorary Academy Award at the 64th Academy Awards in 1992. Ray was awarded India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, in 1984 and India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 1992.
|Indicates a documentary||Indicates a short film||Indicates a television film/series||#||Indicates an advertisement film|
Directed by Ray
|Year||Original title||International release title||Language(s)||Producer||Music||Screenplay||Writer||Other|
|1955||Pather Panchali||A Song of the Little Road||Bengali||Yes|
|1958||Parash Pathar||The Philosopher's Stone||Bengali||Yes||Dialogue|
|1958||Jalsaghar||The Music Room||Bengali||Yes||Yes||Distributor|
|1959||Apur Sansar||The World of Apu||Bengali||Yes||Yes||Distributor|
• The Postmaster
|Three Daughters / Two Daughters[A]
• The Postmaster
• The Lost Jewels
• The Conclusion
|1961||Rabindranath Tagore||Rabindranath Tagore||English||Yes||Narrator|
|1963||Mahanagar||The Big City||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1964||Charulata||The Lonely Wife||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1964||Two||Two||No spoken language||Yes||Yes|
• The Coward
• The Holy Man
|1968||Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne||The Adventures of Goopy and Bagha||Bengali||Yes||Yes|| • Costume designer
|1969||Aranyer Din Ratri||Days and Nights in the Forest||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1971||Seemabaddha||A Company Limited||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1971||Sikkim||Sikkim||English||Yes||Yes|| • Narrator
• Sound designer
|1972||The Inner Eye||The Inner Eye||Bengali||Yes||Yes|| • Narrator
• Sound designer
|1973||Ashani Sanket||The Distant Thunder||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1974||Sonar Kella[B]||The Fortress||Bengali||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1975||Jana Aranya||The Middleman||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1977||Shatranj Ke Khilari||The Chess Players|| • Hindi
|1979||Joi Baba Felunath[C]||The Elephant God||Bengali||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1980||Hirak Rajar Deshe||The Kingdom of Diamonds||Bengali||Yes||Yes|| • Art director
• Costume designer
|1984||Ghare Baire||The Home and The World||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1987||Sukumar Ray||Sukumar Ray||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1990||Ganashatru||An Enemy of the People||Bengali||Yes||Yes|
|1992||Shakha Proshakha||The Branches of the Tree||Bengali||Yes||Yes||Yes||Distributor|
Contributions by Ray
|1948||A Perfect Day||English||Dasgupta, HarisadhanHarisadhan Dasgupta||Yes|
|1951||The River|| • Bengali
|Renoir, JeanJean Renoir||Assistant director[F]|
|1960||Our Children will Know Each Other Better||English||Dasgupta, HarisadhanHarisadhan Dasgupta||Yes|
|1960||The Tidal Bore||English||Mulay, VijayaVijaya Mulay||Narrator|
|1961||The Story of Tata Steel #||English||Dasgupta, HarisadhanHarisadhan Dasgupta||Yes|
|1963||Creative Artists of India: Satyajit Ray||English||Garga, B.D.B.D. Garga||Yes||Narrator|
|1965||Shakespeare Wallah||English||Ivory, JamesJames Ivory||Yes|
|1967||Glimpses of West Bengal||English||Chandragupta, BansiBansi Chandragupta||Yes|
|1967||Quest for Health #||English||Dasgupta, HarisadhanHarisadhan Dasgupta||Yes|
|1969||House that Never Dies||English||Meyer, TonyTony Meyer||Yes|
|1970||Baksa Badal||Bengali||Datta, NityanandaNityananda Datta||Yes||Yes|
|1970||Gangasagar Mela||Bengali||Chandragupta, BansiBansi Chandragupta||Yes|
|1973||Max Mueller||English||Thiel, JornJorn Thiel||Yes||Narrator|
|1974||Darjeeling: Himalayan Fantasy||English||Chandragupta, BansiBansi Chandragupta||Yes|
|1978||The Brave Do Not Die||English||Dasgupta, HarisadhanHarisadhan Dasgupta||Yes|
|1983||Phatikchand||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1983||The Music of Satyajit Ray||English||Chakrabarty, UtpalenduUtpalendu Chakrabarty||Yes||Illustrator|
|1985–86||Satyajit Ray Presents I||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1986–87||Satyajit Ray Presents II||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1986||Kissa Kathmandhu Ka||Hindi||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|1991||Goopy Bagha Phire Elo||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes||Lyricist|
|1994||Uttoran||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes|
|1995||Target||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes||Yes|
|1996||Baksho Rahashya[G]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|1996–97||Feluda 30||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|1998||Parvaz-e zanbur||Tajik|| • Boung-hun Min
• Jamshed Usmonov
|1999||Satyajiter Gappo||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2000||Dr. Munshir Diary||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2001||Satyajiter Priyo Galpo||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2001||Eker Pithe Dui||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2003||Bombaiyer Bombete[I]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2006||Bankubabur Bandhu[J]||Bengali||Sen, KaushikKaushik Sen||Yes|
|2007||The Darjeeling Limited||English||Anderson, WesWes Anderson||Yes[K]|
|2007||Kailashey Kelenkari[L]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2008||Tintorettor Jishu[M]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2010||Gorosthaney Sabdhan[N]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2011||Royal Bengal Rahashya[O]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2011||Some Maana||Kannada||Iyengar, AbhishekAbhishek Iyengar||Yes|
|2012||Jekhane Bhooter Bhoy[P]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2013||Bombay Talkies[Q]||Hindi||Banerjee, DibakarDibakar Banerjee||Yes|
|2014||Goopi Gawaiya Bagha Bajaiya||Hindi||Ranade, ShilpaShilpa Ranade||Yes|
|2014||Chaar[R]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2014||Badshahi Angti[S]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
|2016||Double Feluda[T]||Bengali||Ray, SandipSandip Ray||Yes|
- The title of the film Teen Kanya means three daughters (or girls), however the international version of the film is titled Two Daughters. Though the feature film has three different stories, only two of them were included for the international release—The Postmaster and Samapti
- Based on a novel: Sonar Kella by Ray.
- Based on a novel: Joi Baba Felunath by Ray.
- Based on a short story named Pikoor Diary (Pikoo's Diary), written by Ray for one of his books, Pikoor Diary O Onyanyo (Pikoo's Diary and Other Stories).
- Based on a short story named Atithi (The Guest) by Ray.
- Unaccredited role
- Based on a short story named Baksho Rahashya by Ray.
- Featured music
- Based on a novel named Bombaiyer Bombete by Ray.
- Based on a science fiction short story named Bankubabur Bandhu by Ray.
- Reused five of Ray's previous compositions from the films; Teen Kanya (1961), Charulata (1964), Shakespeare Wallah (1965), Baksa Badal (1970) and Joi Baba Felunath (1979)
- Based on a novel: Kailashey Kelenkari by Ray.
- Based on a short story named Tintorettor Jishu by Ray.
- Based on a novel: Gorosthaney Sabdhan by Ray.
- Based on a novel: Royal Bengal Rahashya by Ray.
- Based on two short stories named Brown Saheber Bari and Anath Babur Bhoy by Ray.
- Based on a short story named Patol Babu, Film Star by Ray.
- Based on two short stories named Kagtarua and Dui Bondhu by Ray.
- Based on a novel: Badshahi Angti by Ray.
- Based on two stories: Samaddarer Chabi and Golokdham Rahasya by Ray.
- "Sight and Sound Poll 1992: Critics". California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Kevin Lee (5 September 2002). "A Slanted Canon". Asian American Film Commentary. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Greatest Film Directors and Their Best Films". Filmsite.org. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "The Greatest Directors Ever by Total Film Magazine". Filmsite.org. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 56–58.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 42–44.
- Robinson 1989, p. 48.
- Malcolm, Derek (2 May 2002). "The universe in his backyard". London: Guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Swagrow, Michael (28 September 1994). "An art wedded to truth". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Ganguly 2010, pp. 6–7.
- Schickel, Richard (12 February 2005). "Time 100: The Apu Trilogy". Time. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 352–364.
- "Books written by Satyajit Ray". satyajitray.org. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 296–305.
- Tankha, Madhur (1 December 2007). "Returning to the classics of Ray". The Hindu. New Delhi. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Scorsese's secret inspiration". ShortList. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Martin Scorsese hits DC, hangs with the Hachet". The GW Hatchet. 4 March 2002. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Ivory, James (1928–)". Screenonline. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "The 'World' of Satyajit Ray legacy of India's premier film maker on display". Daily News (New York). 5 May 1995. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray is this Spanish director's inspiration". CNN-IBN. 11 March 2008. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 287–295.
- "Close encounters with native E.T. finally real". Kolkata: The Times of India. 5 April 2003. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray Collection receives Packard Grant and Lecture Endowment". University of California. 18 September 2001. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Ray influenced E.T says Martin Scorsese". The Times of India. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Dutta, Indrani (13 December 2012). "Satyajit had planned documentary on Pandit Ravi Shankar". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, pp. 284–286.
- "The 64th Academy Awards (1992)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 30 March 1992. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Dadasaheb Phalke Award past recipients". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Teen Kanya (Three Daughters / Two Daughters)". satyajitray.org. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Robinson 1989, p. 68.
- Ray 2004, p. x.
- "The Darjeeling Limited Soundtrack". iTunes Store. 25 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Thimmaiah, Bhavya (15 June 2012). "Chinwag with...Abhishek Iyengar". Bangalore: Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Banerjee, Soumyadipta (4 February 2013). "Dibakar Banerjee to make a film on Ray's short story". Mumbai Mirror. Mumbai. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Rao, Ch Sushil (13 November 2013). "'Gopi Gawaiya Bagha Bajaiya' inaugural film of 18th ICFFI". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Filmography, contributions and credits
- Satyajit Ray filmography @ satyajitray.org
- "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". satyajitray.ucsc.edu. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". satyajitray.org.uk. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". AllMovie. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- Satyajit Ray filmography @ satyajitrayworld.com
- "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray > Rotten Tomatoes Celebrity Profile". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- Ray, Satyajit (2004). Complete Adventures of Feluda. I. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-303277-9.
- Robinson, Andrew (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. I. B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-965-3.
- Ganguly, Keya (2010). "Introduction: The Light of the New Moon". Cinema, Emergence, and the Films of Satyajit Ray. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26216-4.