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List of films considered the best

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A mustachioed man in a suit leans on a lectern and points to his left. Behind him to the left is a large picture of himself wearing a hat.
Orson Welles as Charles Foster Kane in Citizen Kane (1941)

While there is no general agreement upon the greatest film, many publications and organizations have tried to determine the films considered the best. Each film listed here has topped a notable survey—whether a popular poll or a poll among film reviewers—or is the highest ranked exponent of its genre or country in such a survey. Many of these sources focus on American films or were polls of English-speaking film-goers, but those considered the greatest within their respective countries are also included here. Many films are widely considered among the best ever made, whether they appear at #1 on each list or not. For example, many believe that Orson Welles' Citizen Kane is the best movie ever made, and it appears as #1 on AFI's Best Movies list, but it was displaced from the #1 position by Vertigo in the 2012 Sight & Sound decennial critics' poll.

None of the surveys that produced these citations should be viewed as a scientific measurement of the opinions of film viewers. Each may suffer the effects of vote stacking or skewed demographics. Internet-based surveys have a self-selected audience of unknown participants. The methodology of some surveys may be questionable. Sometimes (as in the case of the American Film Institute) voters were asked to select films from a limited list of entries.

Critics and filmmakers

Sight & Sound poll

Every decade, the British film magazine Sight & Sound asks an international group of film professionals to vote for the greatest film of all time. The Sight & Sound accolade has come to be regarded as one of the most important of the "greatest ever film" lists. The American film critic Roger Ebert described it as "by far the most respected of the countless polls of great movies—the only one most serious movie people take seriously."[1]

  • Citizen Kane (1941) by Orson Welles was voted #1 in the five Sight & Sound critics' polls from 1962 to 2002.[2] A separate Sight & Sound poll of established film directors, held for the first time in 1992, also placed Citizen Kane at the top in 1992 and 2002.[2]
  • Bicycle Thieves (1948) by Vittorio De Sica topped the first Sight & Sound critics' poll, in 1952. It also came #7 in 1962 and #6 in 2002.[2] It also came #10 in the 2012 directors' poll.[3]
  • Tokyo Story (1953) by Yasujirō Ozu topped the Sight & Sound directors' poll in 2012, dethroning Citizen Kane.[3] Tokyo Story also appeared in the Sight & Sound critics' poll at third place in 1992, fifth in 2002, and third in 2012.[4]
  • Vertigo (1958) by Alfred Hitchcock topped the Sight & Sound critics' poll in 2012, dethroning Citizen Kane.[3] It also came #7 in 1982, #4 in 1992, and #2 in 2002.[2] In the directors' poll, it came #6 in 1992 and 2002,[2] and #7 in 2012.[3]
  • La Règle du jeu (The Rules of the Game) (1939) by Jean Renoir is the only movie to have appeared in every one of the Sight & Sound critics' polls; its only appearance in the directors' poll was #9 in 2002.

Brussels World's Fair's international poll

Main article: Expo 58

The Brussels World's Fair, organized in 1958, offered the occasion for the organization by thousands of critics and filmmakers from all over the world, of the first universal film poll in history. Sergei Eisenstein's 1925 film, Battleship Potemkin, was ranked in the top position.[5]

Rotten Tomatoes

Main article: Rotten Tomatoes

In the Rotten Tomatoes aggregate score rankings, The Wizard of Oz (1939) is in 1st place. The Third Man—ranked in 2nd place overall—is the highest ranked film with a 100 percent rating.[6]

Metacritic

Main article: Metacritic

Metacritic lists over 9,000 films ranked by aggregate score, which sees Boyhood (2014) ranked in the top position. Boyhood is also the only film on the Metacritic list to attain a perfect 100 score (fifty favorable reviews).[7]

Hollywood

In a survey of the Hollywood region undertaken by The Hollywood Reporter in 2014, in which every studio, agency, publicity firm and production house was ballotted, over 2000 industry workers voted The Godfather (1972) the greatest film.[8]

Audience polls

Particular genres or media

Action

Animation

Christmas

Comedy

Comic/superhero

Courtroom

Crime/gangster

Disaster

Documentary

Epic

Fantasy

High school

Historical/political

Horror/thriller

Musical

Mystery

Propaganda

Religious

Romance

Science fiction

See Star Wars and The Empire Strikes Back in the Films acclaimed in audience polls section above.

Sports

War

See Gone with the Wind, Casablanca and Schindler's List in the Films acclaimed in audience polls section above.

Western

Classic Western
Spaghetti Western

Countries

Afghanistan

The highest ranked Afghan film is Osama. The 2003 drama was critically and commercially successful; it gathered a rating of 96% based on 100 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes,[191] and grossed $3,888,902 worldwide from a small budget of $46,000.[192] The film won several awards including the Golden Globe Award For Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Two Argentine films have received Academy Awards for best foreign language film: Puenzo's The Official Story in 1985, and Campanella's The Secret in Their Eyes in 2009, both around the topic of the 1976 to 1983 military government in Argentina.

Fabián Bielinsky's Nine Queens earned 92% of positive reviews, based on 93 reviews, with a rating average of 7.5 out of 10 on the review-aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.[194] Ricardo Darín stars in both Nine Queens and The Secret in Their Eyes.

Aruba

  • Musical film Abo So (2013) directed by Aruban filmmaker Juan Francisco Pardo is one of the best films in Papiamento language. It won the Best Feature Film award at 9th Belize International Film Festival.[195]

Australia

Austria

Bangladesh

See also Cinema of Bangladesh

  • Matir Moina (2002): Winner of the International Critics Prize at Cannes in 2002, internationally acclaimed (and distributed) production that was well received overseas, it was the first Bangladeshi movie nominated for an Oscar.[199]
  • Titash Ekti Nadir Naam (1973): In 2007, A River Called Titas topped the list of 10 best Bangladeshi films, as chosen in the audience and critics' polls conducted by the British Film Institute.[200]

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

Czech Republic

Chile

See also: Cinema of Chile

China

See also: Cinema of China
See Raise the Red Lantern (traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛) in the Films acclaimed in audience polls section above.

Colombia

Croatia

  • Tko pjeva zlo ne misli (One Who Sings Means No Harm, 1970) was voted the best Croatian all time movie by the Croatian Society of Film Critics.

Denmark

  • Day of Wrath (Vredens dag) Carl Th. Dreyer's harrowing tale of adultery and repression is often cited in Denmark as the greatest Danish film.[224]
  • Flickering Lights (Blinkende lygter) the 2000 comedy about small-time gangsters was voted the Best Danish Film in a 2007 poll by the Ekstra Bladet tabloid newspaper. Thomas Vinterberg's The Celebration (Festen) was the runner-up.[225]

Egypt

To mark the centennial of Egyptian cinema, Al Ahram daily newspaper asked the country's top 20 critics to choose the best 15 best Egyptian films of all time. The Mummy (Al-Mummia, 1969), directed by Chadi Abdel Salam topped the poll (first published July 12, 2007).[citation needed]

Estonia

  • Kevade (Spring, 1969) received the first place in the Estonian feature films Top Ten Poll in 2002 held by Estonian film critics and journalists.[226]

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hong Kong

Hungary

India

Iran

See also: Cinema of Iran
  • Bashu, the Little Stranger (1986) was voted "Best Iranian Film of all time" in November 1999 by a Persian movie magazine "Picture world" poll of 150 Iranian critics and professionals.[247]

Ireland

Israel

Italy

See also: Cinema of Italy

Japan

See also: Cinema of Japan
  • Rashomon (羅生門), 1950: This film by Akira Kurosawa was the first Japanese film to gain worldwide acclaim. It is the highest-ranked Japanese and Asian film in the Village Voice poll of "Best Films of the Century" (ranked #10).[235] It also tied for the highest-ranked Japanese and Asian film on the Sight and Sound 2002 Directors' Top Ten Poll (ranked #9).[255]
  • Seven Samurai (七人の侍 Shichinin no Samurai), 1954: Also by Kurosawa, this period adventure film is frequently cited as the greatest Japanese film. It ranked #3 in the 1982 Sight & Sound Critics' Top Ten Poll,[256] appeared on the Sight & Sound Directors' Top Ten Poll in 1992 (ranked #10),[257] tied for the highest-ranked Japanese and Asian film in 2002 (ranked #9),[255] and ranked #17 on the 2012 critics' poll.[258] It is ranked #2 on Rotten Tomatoes' top 100 foreign films,[207] and #1 on their top 100 action/adventure films.[32] It was also voted the "Best Japanese Film ever" in a 1979 Kinema Junpo critics' poll.[259] It also topped Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" list.[260]
  • Tokyo Story (東京物語 Tokyo Monogatari), 1953: Directed by Yasujirō Ozu, is the highest-ranked Japanese and Asian film on the 2002 Sight and Sound Critics' Top Ten Poll (ranked #5).[261] It was also declared the greatest film ever by Halliwell's Film Guide in 2005.[262] In 2012, Tokyo Story topped the Sight & Sound directors' poll, dethroning Citizen Kane for the first time since the directors' poll began in 1992, and has also come third place in the 2012 critics' poll.[3]
  • Ugetsu (雨月物語 Ugetsu Monogatari), 1953: Directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, it was the highest-ranking Asian film in the Sight & Sound critics' polls in 1962 (ranked #4)[263] and 1972 (ranked #10).[264]

Latvia

Macedonia

Mali

  • Yeelen is the best African film according to a Mubi poll.[266]

Malta

  • Simshar is the first Maltese film to be submitted for the Best Foreign Language Oscar.

Mexico

  • Pan's Labyrinth, a 2006 Mexican co-production, is the highest ranked Mexican or Latin American film on Empire magazine's "100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010.[267]

Netherlands

New Zealand

See Lord of the Rings in the Films acclaimed in audience polls section above.

Norway

  • Flåklypa Grand Prix (Pinchcliffe Grand Prix – 1975 – Ivo Caprino): The people's choice for "Best Norwegian Film of the Century" during the 2005 Bergen International Film Festival.[269]
  • Ni Liv (Nine Lives – 1957 – Arne Skouen): The critics' choice for "Best Norwegian Film of the Century" during the 2005 Bergen International Film Festival.[269]

Pakistan

  • Baji (1963), directed by S. Suleman, topped the British Film Institute's critics poll of "Top 10 Pakistani Films" of all time.[270]
  • Aina (1977), directed by Nazr-ul-Islam, topped the British Film Institute's user poll of "Top 10 Pakistani Films" of all time.[271]
  • The Day Shall Dawn (1959) directed by A. J. Kardar, considered by critics as the best film made in Pakistan.[272]

Philippines

See Himala in the Films acclaimed in audience polls section above.
  • Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag (Manila in the Claws of Light; 1975) by Lino Brocka was cited in numerous film anthologies and critical polls as the greatest Filipino film ever.[273][274]
  • City After Dark (originally entitled Manila by Night; 1980) by Ishmael Bernal was cited in a poll conducted in 1989 by film scholar Joel David and his UP criticism class as the best Filipino film of all time.[275]

Poland

Romania

  • Reconstituirea (The Reenactment, 1968) directed by Lucian Pintilie was selected a sthe best Romanian film by the Union of Romanian Cineastes and the Film Critics Association (Uniunea Cineaştilor din România şi Asociaţia Criticilor de Film).[283]

Russia

Serbia

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • See You in the Next War (Nasvidenje v naslednji vojni, 1980), voted the best Slovenian film of all times in the poll among contemporary film critics, conducted in 2012 by Dnevnik newspaper.[291]

South Africa

South Korea

See also: Cinema of Korea

Spain

See also: Cinema of Spain

Several lists consider different films as the best made in Spain. The listed ones more often are: Viridiana (1961), Plácido (1961) and El verdugo (1963).[295] Other films listed in the most of these lists are: El Cochecito (1960), Welcome Mr. Marshall! (1953), Calle Mayor (1956), Chimes at Midnight (1965), The Spirit of the Beehive (1973), Surcos (1951) and La Caza (The Hunt, 1966)

Sri Lanka

  • Pura Handa Kaluwara (1997), also known as Death on a Full Moon Day, directed by P. Vithanage and starring Joe Abeywickrama, topped the British Film Institute's poll of "Top 10 Sri Lankan Films" of all time.[296]
  • Ananta Rathiriya (1995), directed by P. Vithanage, topped the user poll of "Top 10 Sri Lankan Films" of all time.[297]

Sweden

Taiwan

Turkey

  • Yol (1982), directed by Şerif Gören, was selected as the best Turkish film in a 2003 poll undertaken by Ankara Sinema Derneği (Ankara Association for Cinema Culture) of people interested in cinema professionally.[300]

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Since 1998, the American Film Institute has assembled juries of film community leaders and polled them for a series of top 100 lists. Two of the lists from the series, 100 Years... 100 Movies from 1998 and 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) from 2007, identified Citizen Kane as the best American film ever. In other years, AFI's jury members selected Some Like It Hot the greatest American comedy, Psycho as the most thrilling American movie, Casablanca as the greatest American love story, Singin' in the Rain as the greatest American film musical, and It's a Wonderful Life as the most inspiring American film.[308] In 1977, a poll of the AFI membership saw Gone with the Wind in first place.[309]

  • Citizen Kane (1941) was selected as the greatest American film in 2015 by sixty-two international film critics surveyed by the BBC.[310] It was also ranked top in every Sight & Sound critics' poll between 1962 and 2002, and the directors' poll in 1992 and 2002.[311]
  • Vertigo (1958) topped the Sight & Sound critics' poll in 2012, dethroning Citizen Kane at the top of the critics' poll for the first time in 50 years since 1962. It has also been voted #8 in the directors' poll.[3]
  • The Godfather (1972) was selected as the greatest film by industry professionals in a Hollywood survey undertaken by The Hollywood Reporter in 2014.[8]

See also

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