Filton

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Filton
Filton.church.arp.750pix.jpg
St Peter's Church, Filton
Filton is located in Gloucestershire
Filton
Filton
Filton shown within Gloucestershire
Population 10,607 (parish, 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST603792
Civil parish
  • Filton
Unitary authority
Shire county
Ceremonial county
  • Gloucestershire
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS7
Postcode district BS34
Dialling code 0117
01454
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°30′36″N 2°34′26″W / 51.510°N 2.574°W / 51.510; -2.574Coordinates: 51°30′36″N 2°34′26″W / 51.510°N 2.574°W / 51.510; -2.574

Filton is a large suburban town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, north of the City of Bristol and approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city centre. The town centres upon Filton Church, which dates back to the 12th century and is a Grade II listed building.[2][3][4]

The name of the town comes from the Old English feleþe (hay), and tūn (farm, field). The name dates back to at least 1187.

Filton has large areas of open space which include several playing fields, a golf course and the former Filton Airport (closed in 2012).

Connections, districts and facilities[edit]

Filton can be reached from Junction 1 of the M32 motorway, or from Junction 16 of the M5 motorway. The town is well served by rail with Filton Abbey Wood serving areas in the south of the town, Bristol Parkway serving areas to the north and east and Patchway in the west of the town.

Districts within the town include East Filton, Filton Park and Northville. East Filton, which has grown up east of the Bristol-South Wales railway line and is mostly in the neighbouring civil parish of Stoke Gifford, contains the offices of the Ministry of Defence's Defence Procurement Agency, plus a shopping park. Filton Park is a suburb of Bristol and lies directly on the city border, sandwiched between the A38 trunk road and Southmead Road. Filton itself lies to the north and east of Filton Park. Monks Park is to the south. Housing in Filton Park is mainly privately owned, semi-detached and 1930s built. Pre-World War I properties in the district tend to be quite large, with generous gardens. Extensive playing fields border the north-western side of Southmead Road. The golf links, on the hillside beyond, is owned by Filton Golf Club. The area has a primary school and a playgroup. Filton Park is regarded as a desirable place to live since it is close to major centres of employment such as BAE Systems, and Defence Equipment & Support at Abbey Wood.

Filton's educational facilities include South Gloucestershire and Stroud College, Abbeywood Community School and several primary schools. The University of the West of England is at nearby Frenchay.

Filton has two main shopping areas – the Shield Centre (on the site of the former Shield Laundry) and Abbey Wood Retail Park, as well as other shops. To the east of the town there is a small area of woodland known as Splatt's Abbey Wood.

Industry[edit]

Aircraft hangars on Filton Airfield. The Bristol Brabazon, Bristol Britannia and Concorde aircraft were constructed here.

Filton has an aerospace connection dating back to the establishment of the Bristol Aeroplane Company. Aerospace companies in Filton include BAE Systems, Airbus, Rolls-Royce and MBDA, all located around the former Filton Aerodrome. The Concorde supersonic airliner was built here in the late 1960s and 1970s; on 26 November 2003 Concorde 216 (G-BOAF)[5] made the final flight of a Concorde, returning to Filton to be kept there permanently as the centrepiece of the Aerospace Bristol museum,[6] which opened in 2017. This museum also houses the Bristol Aero Collection and examples of helicopters and missiles built at Filton.

Other employers include the MOD, Viridor, Hewlett Packard and the Royal Mail. Filton is also home to the regional blood processing facility, NHS Blood and Transplant Filton.[7]

Bristol Cars was a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based in Filton. Bristol Cars had neither distributors nor dealers and dealt directly with customers; they had a showroom in Kensington in London. They claimed to be the last wholly British-owned luxury car builder. The company went into administration on 3 March 2011.[8]

Population[edit]

The population of the parish at the 2011 Census was 10,607.[1] The Filton built-up area defined by the Office for National Statistics is a large outer suburban area north of Bristol which includes Almondsbury, Patchway, Little Stoke, Stoke Gifford and Bradley Stoke, and had a population of 59,495 in 2011.[9]

Filton is an ethnically diverse town, with a proportion of white British residents close to the national average.

Ethnicity 2011 Filton (parish)[10] South Gloucestershire[11]
White British 80.1% 91.9%
Asian 8.0% 2.5%
Black 2.5% 0.8%

Administration[edit]

Part of the Defence Equipment and Support building at Abbey Wood, Filton. The site employs over 13,000 people, managing procurement contracts for the Navy, the Army and the Air Force.

Filton Town Council is a parish council made up of thirteen councillors and forming the first tier of local government.

Filton was in Gloucestershire until 1974 when it became part of the newly formed county of Avon. In 1996 the Avon authority was abolished and the area became part of the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.

Filton is represented in the House of Commons by Jack Lopresti, Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Filton and Bradley Stoke.

An electoral ward with the same name exists. The area and population are identical to those of the parish.

History[edit]

For history related to aeroplanes and flying, see Bristol Filton Airport#History.

Thousands of mites, farthings and other coins of the Roman emperors, Domitian, Constantine and Constans were found in a bank by some boys in 1880. Many of the coins were in excellent condition.[12]

At the dawn of the 20th century, Filton was a small village, still detached from the city of Bristol to the south. Farming was the principal occupation. However, there was a large factory-like laundry in the village, opposite Filton House, owned by Samuel Shield. The Bristol to South Wales railway line passed through the village. There was a small station near the site of the current Abbey Wood station. A much larger railway station, known as Filton Junction, opened in 1910, after the alternate rail route from Bristol to London was finished. In 1907 the northern terminus for Bristol Tramways was moved out from Horfield to Filton. Tram production in the tramway sheds commenced in 1908. The manufacture of aeroplanes started in the Bristol Tramway sheds in 1910 and aero-engine production started in 1920.

Between the wars, Filton expanded rapidly to become a suburb of Bristol. Initially development (semi-detached housing) was concentrated on the western side of the A38, in an area known as Filton Park. In the 1930s, the area on the eastern side of the A38 started to be developed. Eventually, Filton became part of the Bristol conurbation, although it remained, as it does now, outside the city boundary. During the 1920s and 1930s, two infant/primary schools and one secondary school were built in Filton to accommodate the growing number of school-age children in the area. Many of these children were evacuated when World War II started in 1939, but returned later, during the Phoney War. Filton High School, originally a grammar school, but later a comprehensive, started to take pupils in 1960. In 2010 Filton High was demolished and replaced with Abbeywood Community School.

In the late 1940s, the main runway of Filton Aerodrome was greatly extended for the Bristol Brabazon project. Charlton village was demolished and the pre-war Filton bypass was severed. In the early 1960s, a new bypass was constructed, roughly parallel to the old one, and this later became part of the M5 motorway.

Sandwiched between roads, factories, railway lines and the aerodrome, Filton expanded little after World War II. However, from the late 1970s a trading estate slowly developed on the eastern side of the Bristol/South Wales railway line in what is now known as East Filton. During the mid-1970s the A38 trunk road was upgraded to a dual carriageway. Station Road, a country lane in the early part of the 20th century, was also widened to become a dual carriageway and form part of the Avon Ring Road. In 1973, the Rolls-Royce car division was separated as Rolls-Royce Motors. Rolls-Royce (1971) Limited (the engine division) was privatised in 1987 as Rolls-Royce plc. Later, the Ministry of Defence set up a large office complex, known as Abbey Wood, in the same area.

Twin towns[edit]

Sport[edit]

  • The Bristol Academy of Sport is based at South Gloucestershire and Stroud College.
  • Filton Cycling Speedway Club was formed in January 2006.[13] The club uses a cycle track built by Filton Town Council and recognised to be one of the best in the country, with its setting in Elm Park.
  • St Vallier FC (named after its French twin) is a youth football team.[14]
  • Filton Golf Club has an 18-hole course.[15]
  • There is also a table tennis club.[16]

Climate[edit]

Filton has a temperate maritime climate, with comfortable, mostly dry summers and cold, mostly wet winters. The temperature is usually between at or below freezing (0 °C (32 °F)) on 39.4 days per year and 23.1 °C (73.6 °F), but between 2005 and 2014, the temperature ranged from −6.7 °C (19.9 °F) to 33.8 °C (92.8 °F).

Climate data for Filton 73 m amsl (2004-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
16.2
(61.2)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.7
(81.9)
30.8
(87.4)
33.8
(92.8)
31.2
(88.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.6
(81.7)
17.6
(63.7)
13.6
(56.5)
33.8
(92.8)
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
7.9
(46.2)
10.5
(50.9)
13.3
(55.9)
16.6
(61.9)
19.6
(67.3)
21.5
(70.7)
21.2
(70.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.6
(51.1)
8
(46)
14.2
(57.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
1.9
(35.4)
3.7
(38.7)
5
(41)
8.1
(46.6)
11.1
(52)
13.2
(55.8)
13
(55)
10.8
(51.4)
8.1
(46.6)
4.8
(40.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−6.1
(21)
−4.3
(24.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.3
(41.5)
8.2
(46.8)
7.2
(45)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 82.3
(3.24)
53.8
(2.118)
58.6
(2.307)
49.3
(1.941)
62.3
(2.453)
55.2
(2.173)
54.6
(2.15)
64.2
(2.528)
68
(2.68)
85.4
(3.362)
82.6
(3.252)
85.9
(3.382)
802.2
(31.586)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 12.5 9.7 10.8 9.4 10.1 8.6 9.1 9.6 8.9 12.1 12.8 12.4 126
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.5 74.8 112.7 170.8 199.6 214.7 217.7 201.8 149.9 104.8 69.1 52.7 1,627.1
Source #1: Filton Weather Extremes [17]
Source #2: Filton Climate Info [18]

External links[edit]

Media related to Filton at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Filton Parish (1170211816)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Church of St. Peter". Images of England. Retrieved 17 July 2006. 
  3. ^ "Filton Parish Church – St. Peter, Filton, Bristol UK". Filton Parish Church. Archived from the original on 28 February 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Parish of St Peters Filton". Filton Parish Church. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  5. ^ BAC/Aerospatiale Concorde 202, G-BBDG Archived 29 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Concorde at Filton Archived 6 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ NHSBT Filton Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ {https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-bristol-12641665}
  9. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Filton Built-up area (1119885034)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  10. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Filton Parish (1170211816)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  11. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – South Gloucestershire Local Authority (1946157354)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "Discovery of Roman Coins". The Cornishman (95). 6 November 1880. p. 7. 
  13. ^ Filton Cycling Speedway Club
  14. ^ St Vallier FC Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Filton Golf Club
  16. ^ Filton Table Tennis Club Archived 6 August 2007 at Archive.is
  17. ^ http://www.martynhicks.uk/weather/data.php?page=extremes
  18. ^ http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/public/weather/climate/gcnjj2su7