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A fimbria (plural fimbriae, adjective fimbriate) is a Latin word that literally means "fringe." It is commonly used in science and medicine, with its meaning depending on the field of study or the context.
Fimbria may refer to:
- Fimbria (bacteriology), a proteinaceous appendage in many gram-negative bacteria that is thinner and shorter than a flagellum
- Fimbria (bivalve), a genus of clams
- Fimbria (female reproductive system), a fringe of tissue near the ovary leading to the fallopian tube
- Fimbria (neuroanatomy), a prominent band of white matter along the medial edge of the hippocampus in the brain
- Fimbria (owl feathers), a comb-like leading edge of an owl's flight feather, allowing owls to fly silently
- Fimbriate, in botany, fringed e.g. petals
- Fimbriation, in heraldry and vexillology, is the use of contrasting strips to separate similar colours.
- Gaius Flavius Fimbria (consul 104 BCE), consul of the Roman Republic with Gaius Marius
- Gaius Flavius Fimbria (d. 84 BCE), son of the consul of 104 BCE
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