Finan of Lindisfarne
|Finan of Lindisfarne|
|Bishop of Lindisfarne|
|Died||17 February 661
|Feast day||17 February, 9 February|
Originally from Ireland, he built on Lindisfarne, a cathedral "in the Irish fashion", employing hewn oak, with a thatched roof, dedicated to St. Peter. He also founded St. Mary's at the mouth of the River Tyne. He converted the kings Sigebert of Essex and Peada of the Middle Angles to Christianity. Bede is the main source for Finan's life. He is specially noted by the Venerable Bede as having borne an important part in the conversion of the northern Saxons.
The breviary of Aberdeen styles him "a man of venerable life, a bishop of great sanctity, an eloquent teacher ... remarkable for his training in virtue and his liberal education, surpassing all his equals in every manner of knowledge as well as in circumspection and prudence, but chiefly devoting himself to good works and presenting in his life, a most apt example of virtue". Finan ordained St. Cedd bishop of the East-Saxons, having called two other bishops to assist at his consecration.
The Abbey of Whitby, his chief foundation, was the scene of the famous Paschal controversy, which resulted in the withdrawal of the Irish monks from Lindisfarne.
Finan was active for some time at a monastery on Church Island on Lough Currane in County Kerry; today it is known as St. Finan's Church. To the south of the lake is Inis Uasal (Noble Island), an island which is dedicated to him.
Finan died and was buried at Lindisfarne, having held that see ten years.
Finan's feast day is celebrated upon 9 January.
- Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 237
- Grattan-Flood, William. "St. Finan." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 12 May 2013
- Walsh New Dictionary of Saints p. 203
- Kirby Earliest English Kings pp. 79–80
- Webb, Alfred. A Compendium of Irish Biography, M. H. Gill & Son, Dublin, 1878
- Carver, Martin (2006). The cross goes north: processes of conversion in northern Europe, AD 300-1300. Boydell Press. p. 134. ISBN 1-84383-125-2.
- Kirby, D. P. (2000). The Earliest English Kings. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-24211-8.
- Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
- Walsh, Michael A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West London: Burns & Oats 2007 ISBN 0-86012-438-X
- Finan 1 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England
- Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Book 1, L.C. Jane's 1903 Temple Classics translation. From the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
- Bede's Ecclesiastical History and the Continuation of Bede (pdf), at CCEL, edited & translated by A.M. Sellar.
- Catholic Online Saints and Angels
- Patron Saints Index
|Bishop of Lindisfarne