Finchampstead

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Finchampstead
Finchampstead, Berks - geograph.org.uk - 173.jpg
Tower of St James' parish church
Finchampstead is located in Berkshire
Finchampstead
Finchampstead
 Finchampstead shown within Berkshire
Population 668 (2011 Census )
OS grid reference SU7964
Civil parish Finchampstead
Unitary authority Wokingham
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WOKINGHAM
Postcode district RG40
Dialling code 0118
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Bracknell
Website Finchampstead Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Coordinates: 51°21′40″N 0°51′36″W / 51.361°N 0.860°W / 51.361; -0.860

Finchampstead is a village and civil parish in the Wokingham Borough of Berkshire, England. Its northern extremity is 2 miles (3 km) south of Wokingham, 5 miles (8 km) west of Bracknell, 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Reading, and 33 miles (53 km) west of Central London.

Topography[edit]

Finchampstead parish extends from The Throat on the southern edge of Wokingham, just past the Inchcape Garage, down to the Tally Ho pub on the River Blackwater which forms the southern border with Eversley and its county Hampshire, over Eversley Bridge. Finchampstead Bridge is further east, just above Eversley Cross. To the east of the parish is Sandhurst and, to the west, Swallowfield, Arborfield and Barkham.

The Roman road from London to Silchester traverses the parish from West Court through to Roman Ride off the A321. It is used as a road at West Court, and from Armholes past Heath Pool and along Roman Ride. The

The Nine Mile Ride (the B3430 road) runs the breadth of Finchampstead, through California and then on, between King's Mere and Queen's Mere, to the boundary with Crowthorne, and thence to Pinewood and finally Bracknell. The area between is California and Crowthorne is sometimes known the 'The Rides' due to several straight roads cut through this part of Windsor Forest by George III. Others included Barkham Ride and Heath Ride. California is the name of this northern part of the parish. It is a large residential village with its own country park around Longmoor Lake, on the edge of Barkham Common.

The southern part of the parish includes the parish church; Finchampstead village itself, at the top of Fleet Hill on the B3348 road; Finchampstead Lea, to the west along the A327 road; and the woodlands of the Ridges, spreading north to the Nine Mile Ride. This is a dense, mostly pine tree, wood much of which, including Simon's Wood, is owned by the National Trust. Its hills give panoramic views of the surrounding area.

St. James' Church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St James is on top of a prominent hill and has an old Roman earthwork around it. It was probably the site of a pagan temple.[1] The Roman road between London and Silchester, called the "Devil's Highway", ran through the middle of the parish. A Roman milestone survives at Banisters.[1]

Local government[edit]

Finchampstead has a parish council with a total of 17 councillors elected by the North & South wards. The parish is in Wokingham Borough unitary authority.

Transport[edit]

Reading Buses service No 3 or "The Leopard Bus," links northern Finchampstead with Wokingham.

History[edit]

Warren Wood is a secondary woodland of birch, oak and pine with a large meadow, between Nine Mile Ride and Warren Lane. It includes a scheduled monument, a round burial mound, which is the largest example of a bell barrow in Berkshire and dates from between 2000 and 1300 BC. Trees have been removed from the mound in recent years as their roots can damage archaeological remains and paths have been re-routed around the mound.

Finchampstead's Old English toponym is said[by whom?] to have derived[citation needed] from the large variety of finches that still populate the area. It is referred to by the younger generation as 'Finch'. St. Oswald apparently visited the village in the 7th century and named the local holy well, which is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have flowed with blood in times of National crisis.[1]

Finchampstead is a richly wooded area on the western edge of old Windsor Forest and once the centre of one of its divisional "walkes" and bailiwicks. It was the hunting place of Royalty and an old tale tells how King Henry VII brought his son, Prince Arthur, out onto the Ridges to see his bride, Catherine of Aragon, for the first time.[1] His other son, Henry VIII, is said to have wooed two sisters at East Court Manor until one committed suicide in a fit of jealousy.[1]

Finchampstead's Wellingtonia Avenue was planted with one hundred giant sequoia trees, as a monument to the 1st Duke of Wellington in the 1860s.[1] He built the Wellington College school nearby.

The northern part of the parish lies on London clay, which has given rise to small scale brick works. The site of California in England was originally excavated by John Walter for he building of Bearwood House. To the west there was an extensive works around Kiln Ride, with a light railway connecting it to the railway between Wokingham and Crowthorne.

Notable people[edit]

Brigadier-General Ernest Macnaghten, forrmer Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council retired to Haygates in Finchampstead. He died there in 1948.[2] Catherine Bramwell-Booth, of the Salvation Army, lived in Finchampstead with two of her sisters. Christine Keeler lived on the Nine Mile Ride. Lady Liddel, MBE, lived at East Court. On her death she gave it to the parish as the St James Church Centre.

Manors[edit]

There are three manor houses. East Court was next to the church, but has been replaced by a Victorian building and the name has been transferred to another house in the village. West Court is a 17th and 19th century house at Finchampstead Lea.[3] Banisters, on the lower slopes of Fleet Hill, is a brick Restoration house of 1683.[4]

Churches[edit]

The present St. James' parish church[5] is almost entirely Norman with a few alterations dating from the late 16th century. It has a Norman eastern apse and a brick tower built in 1720. The baptismal font in the church is late Saxon.[1]

The Baptist chapel was built in 1840. In recent years its congregation has outgrown the capacity of the chapel, so it has worshipped at Waverley School instead. In April 2010 the new Finchampstead Baptist Church Centre was opened in California.

St Mary and St John California is a new church that replaces the old Church Army church on the Nine Mile Ride. It is a shared ministry wit St James.

Housing[edit]

The village has a number of old cottages. However, most of the parish's housing is at California, most notably the Fernlea Estate, built on private farmland, and the Gorse Ride estate, built on the site of a watercress farm. Gorse Ride South estate was built as a temporary measure for only 10 years. The properties consist of terraced houses and terraced bungalows. All are built from Swedish timber, with precast concrete end panels and solid concrete foundations. Although only designed for a lifespan of 10 years, all the dwellings are now permanent properties, after being refurbished in the late 1970s with Swedish timber cladding on the external plywood walls, and tiled roofs over the previous felt roofs. By the 2010s, some of the council housing on the Gorse Ride South estate had fallen into disrepair. The houses have structural problems and poor drainage, and the bungalows have insulation and subsidence issues. In an effort to improve the estate, the large FBC community centre opened in 2010. As of 2015, Wokingham Borough Council is holding a consultation regarding the future of the estate, including possible demolition.

Amenities[edit]

The parish has three public houses: The Greyhound,[6] the Queen's Oak[7] and the Tally Ho.[8] The Tally Ho incorrectly describes itself as being in Eversley.[8] The Queen's Oak is the only pub of that name in England.[citation needed] On Saturday October the 24th 2015 it became the first pub in the parish to play host to classic rock 'n roll, vintage soul and rockabilly act The Nine Mile Riders, who learnt their musical chops on the mean streets of Finchampstead. The pub is set to welcome them back on Saturday 27 March 2016, with garlands of flowers and a ticker tape parade. [9]

The absence of public houses in the California area is due to a restrictive covenant imposed by John Walter when he sold the land in this area.

Finchampstead Church of England Primary School in the village is opposite the park and is popular for children from reception (age 5) to year 6 (age 11). A pre-school is run daily during term time in the Memorial Hall. Nine Mile Ride Primary school serves the California end of the parish. It has approximately 350 children.

There is a combined shop and filling station in the village, and a group of shops and a garage around the Nine Mile Ride crossroads.

The village hall is Finchampstead Memorial Hall, which was built in 1960. The parish has a scout group.[10] There is a children's playground area in the park. In California there is the Ratepayers Hall on the B3016 near the Nine Mile Ride crossroads.

Sport and Leisure[edit]

Finchampstead has clubs for cricket,[11] football,[12] netball[13] and running.[14] The village also has some tennis courts. Finchampstead Football Club plays in the Hellenic Football League, and the Memorial Ground is the home ground of both the football and cricket clubs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ford, David Nash (2003). "History of Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Armorial families : a directory of gentlemen of coat-armour (Volume 2), p270
  3. ^ Ford, David Nash (2010). "History of West Court, Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Ford, David Nash (2002). "History of Banisters, Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Parish of Finchampstead and California
  6. ^ The Greyhound
  7. ^ The Queen's Oak
  8. ^ a b Tally Ho
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ 1st Finchampstead Scout Group
  11. ^ Finchampstead Cricket Club
  12. ^ Finchampstead FC
  13. ^ Finch Netball Club
  14. ^ Finch Coasters Running Club

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]