Finchampstead

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Finchampstead
Finchampstead, Berks - geograph.org.uk - 173.jpg
Tower of St James' parish church
Finchampstead is located in Berkshire
Finchampstead
Finchampstead
Location within Berkshire
Population668 (2011 Census )
OS grid referenceSU7964
Civil parish
  • Finchampstead
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWOKINGHAM
Postcode districtRG40
Dialling code0118
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteFinchampstead Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°21′40″N 0°51′36″W / 51.361°N 0.860°W / 51.361; -0.860Coordinates: 51°21′40″N 0°51′36″W / 51.361°N 0.860°W / 51.361; -0.860

Finchampstead is a village and civil parish in the Wokingham Borough in the shire of Royal Berkshire, England. Its northern extremity is 2 miles (3 km) south of Wokingham, 5 miles (8 km) west of Bracknell, 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Reading, and 34 miles (55 km) west of Central London. It is an affluent area, with the village ranking as Britain's 31st wealthiest.[1] It has a high standard of living and is rated as one of the most desirable places to live in the UK.[2][3]

Topography[edit]

Finchampstead parish extends from The Throat on the southern edge of Wokingham, just past the Inchcape Garage, down to the Tally Ho pub on the River Blackwater which forms the southern border with Eversley and its county Hampshire, over Eversley Bridge.[4] Finchampstead Bridge is further east, just above Eversley Cross. To the east of the parish is Sandhurst and to the west are Swallowfield, Arborfield and Barkham.

The Roman road from London to Silchester traverses the parish from West Court through to Roman Ride off the A321.[5][4] It is known as the Devil's Highway (Roman Britain)[4][5] and is well preserved as a footpath and byway over much of its length through Windsor Forest. It is used as a road at West Court, and from Armholes past Heath Pool and along Roman Ride.

The Nine Mile Ride (the B3430 road) runs the breadth of Finchampstead, through California and then on, between King's Mere and Queen's Mere,[6] to the boundary with Crowthorne, and thence to Pinewood and finally Bracknell. California is the name of this northern part of the parish.[6] It is a large residential village with its own country park around Longmoor Lake, on the edge of Barkham Common.

The southern part of the parish includes the parish church; Finchampstead village itself,[5] at the top of Fleet Hill on the B3348 road; Finchampstead Leas,[4] to the west along the A327 road; and the woodlands of the Ridges, spreading north to the Nine Mile Ride. This is a dense, mostly pine tree, wood much of which, including Simon's Wood, is owned by the National Trust. Its hills give panoramic views of the surrounding area.

Local government[edit]

Finchampstead has a parish council with a total of 17 councillors elected by the North & South wards. The parish is in Wokingham Borough unitary authority.

Transport[edit]

Reading Buses service No 3 or "The Leopard Bus," links northern Finchampstead with Wokingham.

History[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St James is on top of a prominent hill and has an old Roman earthwork around it.[5] It was probably the site of a pagan temple.[7][5] The Roman road between London and Silchester, called the "Devil's Highway", ran through the middle of the parish. A Roman milestone survives at Banisters.[7][4][5]

Finchampstead's Old English toponym derives from the large variety of finches that still populate the area.[citation needed] It is referred to by the younger generation as 'Finch'.[citation needed] St. Oswald apparently visited the village in the 7th century and named the local holy well, which is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have flowed with blood in times of National crisis.[7][5]

Finchampstead is a richly wooded area on the western edge of old Windsor Forest and once the centre of one of its divisional "walkes" and bailiwicks.[6] It was the hunting place of Royalty and an old tale tells how King Henry VII brought his son, Prince Arthur, out onto the Ridges to see his bride, Catherine of Aragon, for the first time.[7][5] His other son, Henry VIII, is said to have wooed two sisters at East Court Manor until one committed suicide in a fit of jealousy.[7][5]

There are three manor houses.[5][4] East Court was next to the church, but has been replaced by a Victorian building and the name has been transferred to another house in the village.[5] West Court is a 17th and 19th century house at Finchampstead Lea.[8][4] Banisters, on the lower slopes of Fleet Hill, is a brick Restoration house of 1683.[9][4]

Finchampstead's Wellingtonia Avenue was planted with one hundred giant sequoia trees, as a monument to the 1st Duke of Wellington in the 1860s.[7][5] Wellington College school nearby was also erected in his memory.

Notable people[edit]

  • Commissioner Catherine Bramwell-Booth CBE OF, (Granddaughter of the Salvation Army Founders William and Catherine Booth 'Mother of the Salvation Army'), lived in Finchampstead with two of her sisters Lieut. Col. Olive Booth and Major Dora (Dorothy) Booth. The three are buried with their sister Colonel Mary Bramwell Booth CBE and alongside their brother Bramwell Bernard Booth and his wife Jane in the churchyard of St James'. Catherine died aged 104, Olive 98 and Dora 95.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Stowell Jones, recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions at Delhi during the Indian Mutiny, is buried in the churchyard of St James'.
  • Christine Keeler lived on the Nine Mile Ride.[citation needed]
  • Brigadier General Ernest Macnaghten, former chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council retired to Haygates in Finchampstead. He died there in 1948.[10]
  • General Sir John Watson, recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions at Lucknow during the Indian Mutiny, is buried in the churchyard of St James'.
  • Singer-songwriter, Laura Marling, grew up and attended primary school in Finchampstead.

Churches[edit]

The present St. James' parish church[11] is almost entirely Norman[5] with a few alterations dating from the late 16th century. It has a Norman eastern apse and a brick tower built in 1720. The baptismal font in the church is late Saxon.[7][5]

The Baptist chapel was built in 1840. It was sold for conversion to a private house when the Finchampstead Baptist Curch Centre was built in California.

St Mary and St John California meets at Gorse Ride Junior School in California. It is a shared ministry with St James.

Housing[edit]

The village has a number of old cottages. However, most of the parish's housing is at California.

Amenities[edit]

The parish has three public houses: The Greyhound,[12] the Queen's Oak[13] and the Tally Ho.[14] The Tally Ho incorrectly describes itself as being in Eversley.[14] The Queen's Oak is the only pub of that name in England.[5] The absence of public houses in the California area is due to a restrictive covenant imposed by John Walter when he sold the land in this area.[citation needed]

Finchampstead Church of England Primary School in the village is opposite the park. There are other schools in California. Finches Pre-School is run daily during term time in the Memorial Hall.[15]

The village hall is Finchampstead Memorial Hall, which was built in 1960. The parish has a scout group.[16] There is a children's playground area in the park.

There are additional amenities in the parish at California Crossroads.

Sport and Leisure[edit]

Finchampstead has clubs for cricket,[17] football,[18] netball[19] and running.[20] The village also has some tennis courts. Finchampstead Football Club plays in the Hellenic Football League, and the Memorial Ground is the home ground of both the football and cricket clubs.

There is a nature reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest at California.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Britain's richest villages". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Sunday Times names Finchampstead as one of UK's best places to live". Wokingham Paper.
  3. ^ "Sunday Times: Best Places To Live (UK)". Sunday Times.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Ford, David Nash (2020). Mid-Berkshire Town and Village Histories. Wokingham: Nash Ford Publishing. pp. 135–137. ISBN 9781905191024.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Ford, David Nash (2020). Mid-Berkshire Town and Village Histories. Wokingham: Nash Ford Publishing. pp. 110–115. ISBN 9781905191024.
  6. ^ a b c Ford, David Nash (2020). Mid-Berkshire Town and Village Histories. Wokingham: Nash Ford Publishing. pp. 70–73. ISBN 9781905191024.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Ford, David Nash (2003). "History of Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  8. ^ Ford, David Nash (2010). "History of West Court, Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  9. ^ Ford, David Nash (2002). "History of Banisters, Finchampstead, Berkshire". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  10. ^ Armorial families : a directory of gentlemen of coat-armour (Volume 2), p270
  11. ^ Parish of Finchampstead and California
  12. ^ The Greyhound
  13. ^ The Queen's Oak Archived 23 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b Tally Ho
  15. ^ "Finches Pre-School". Finches Pre-School. 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  16. ^ 1st Finchampstead Scout Group
  17. ^ Finchampstead Cricket Club
  18. ^ Finchampstead FC
  19. ^ Finch Netball Club
  20. ^ Finch Coasters Running Club

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]