Finchley and Golders Green (UK Parliament constituency)

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Finchley and Golders Green
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Finchley and Golders Green in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 71,595 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Mike Freer (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Finchley, Hendon South
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Finchley and Golders Green is a constituency[n 1] created in 1997 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2010, its MP has been Mike Freer, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1997–2010: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Childs Hill, East Finchley, Finchley, Garden Suburb, Golders Green, St Paul's, and Woodhouse.

2010–present: As above; less St Paul's, plus West Finchley and replacing Finchley with Finchley Church End.

The constituency covers Finchley, Golders Green, Childs Hill and Hampstead Garden Suburb in the London Borough of Barnet. It was created in 1997 largely replacing the abolished constituency of Finchley — plus major parts of abolished Hendon South, less some of its wards transferred to the Chipping Barnet seat which covers Barnet. Specifically the creation saw the removal of Friern Barnet and addition of Golders Green, Childs Hill and Hampstead Garden Suburb.

2007 boundary review[edit]

Under a review of parliamentary representation, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended in a boundary report published in 2007 that:

  • parts of Golders Green ward and Finchley Church End ward be transferred from Hendon
  • part of Woodhouse ward be transferred from Chipping Barnet;
  • parts of Mill Hill ward and Coppetts ward be transferred to Hendon and Chipping Barnet respectively.

These changes took effect at the 2010 general election.

History[edit]

Most of the constituency's territory was previously in the abolished Finchley seat, created in 1918, represented by former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher between 1959 and her retirement from the House of Commons in 1992; although boundary changes meant that she never again attained her large majority of 1959, and was re-elected by a 10-point margin in 1974, she was nonetheless returned by majorities exceeding 9,000 votes at general election throughout her premiership. Since the 1992 nominal result, and officially from its creation, the seat has been a national bellwether.

The 2015 result gave the seat the 65th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Hampstead Garden Suburb viewed from Hampstead Heath – this part of the constituency is almost entirely private-sector built and many of its green spaces are communal or the large public upland park of Hampstead Heath itself unlike the garden dependency of much of the rest of the area. Hampstead Heath features the highest point in northern Greater London at Parliament Hill.

The area is relatively hilly for Greater London and has numerous London Underground stations. Finchley and Golders Green was overwhelmingly built on in the middle of the 20th century when it was at the fringe of London. The area has since the coming of the railways had little industry of its own, its local economy tending towards high street retail and tradespeople and instead the workforce has a high proportion of central London commuters. In common with much of the London Borough of Barnet the local housing stock averages larger in size than the average London accommodation, most houses have gardens greatly exceeding their footprint and few older subdivided townhouses are present; the proportion of social housing and ex-council housing is lower than the London average finding itself in varying condition, unlike many urban hubs in the capital which have seen greater redevelopment of neglected housing stock.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Event Member[3] Party
1997 Dr Rudi Vis Labour
2010 Mike Freer Conservative

According to Rallings and Thrasher, the boundary changes which came into force for the general election of 2010 meant that this seat notionally already had a Conservative majority, albeit a very small one.[4]

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Finchley and Golders Green[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Davies
Conservative Mike Freer
Labour Jeremy Newmark
UKIP Andrew Price
Green Adele Ward
General Election 2015: Finchley and Golders Green[6][7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mike Freer[10] 25,835 50.9 +4.9
Labour Sarah Sackman[10] 20,173 39.7 +6.1
UKIP Richard King[11] 1,732 3.4 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Davies[12] 1,662 3.3 −13.8
Green Adele Ward[13] 1,357 2.7 +1.1
Majority 5,662 11.2 −1.1
Turnout 50,759 70.0 +8.9
Conservative hold Swing −0.6
General Election 2010: Finchley and Golders Green[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mike Freer 21,688 46.0 +6.2
Labour Alison Moore 15,879 33.7 −5.4
Liberal Democrat Laura Edge 8,036 17.0 −0.1
UKIP Susan Cummins 817 1.7 +0.6
Green Donald Lyven 737 1.6 −1.0
Majority 5,809 12.3
Turnout 47,157 61.1 −1.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Finchley and Golders Green[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rudi Vis 17,487 40.5 −5.8
Conservative Andrew Mennear 16,746 38.8 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Susan Garden 7,282 16.9 +4.8
Green Noel Lynch 1,136 2.6 −0.6
UKIP Jeremy C. Jacobs 453 1.0 +0.2
Rainbow Dream Ticket Rainbow George Weiss 110 0.3 N/A
Majority 741 1.7
Turnout 43,214 61.9 +4.6
Labour hold Swing −3.4
General Election 2001: Finchley and Golders Green[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rudi Vis 20,205 46.3 +0.2
Conservative John Marshall 16,489 37.8 −2.0
Liberal Democrat Sarah Teather 5,266 12.1 +0.8
Green Miranda Dunn 1,385 3.2 +2.0
UKIP John A. de Roeck 330 0.8 +0.3
Majority 3,716 8.5
Turnout 43,675 57.3 −12.2
Labour hold Swing +1.05

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Finchley and Golders Green[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rudi Vis 23,180 46.1 +14.0
Conservative John Marshall 19,991 39.7 −13.5
Liberal Democrat Jonathan M. Davies 5,670 11.3 −1.2
Referendum Gary D. Shaw 684 1.4 N/A
Green Ashley Gunstock 576 1.1 −0.3
UKIP David N.G. Barraclough 205 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,189 6.4 N/A
Turnout 50,306 69.7 −7.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +13.7
General Election 1992: Finchley and Golders Green (notional)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 20,890 53.2
Labour 12,616 32.1
Liberal Democrat 4,915 12.5
Green 564 1.4
Natural Law 182 0.5
Loony 130 0.3
Majority 8,274 21.1
Turnout 39,297 77.6
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ General Election 2010 – Finchley & Golders Green BBC News
  5. ^ "Finchley & Golders Green parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ https://www.barnet.gov.uk/citizen-home/news/Election-results-in-Barnet.html 9Jul15
  8. ^ total electorate 72,530 email from barnet Council 16Jul15
  9. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14000703
  10. ^ a b "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk. 
  11. ^ "Richard King, UKIP PPC for Finchley and Golders Green". ukipbarnet.org. 
  12. ^ James Caven. "'We aren't going away': Lib Dems choose candidate for Finchley and Golders Green". Times Series. 
  13. ^ "Our candidates – Barnet Green Party". barnetgreenparty.co.uk. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  15. ^ BBC News|Election 2010|Constituency|Finchley & Golders Green news.bbc.co.uk, retrieved 27 July 2012
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Finchley
UK Parliament constituency
1997 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Hendon South

Coordinates: 51°35′N 0°11′W / 51.59°N 0.18°W / 51.59; -0.18