Finchley and Golders Green (UK Parliament constituency)
|Finchley and Golders Green|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Finchley and Golders Green in Greater London
|Electorate||71,595 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Finchley, Hampstead Garden Suburb, Golders Green and Cricklewood|
|Member of Parliament||Mike Freer (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Finchley, Hendon South|
Finchley and Golders Green is a constituency[n 1] created in 1997 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The current MP is Mike Freer of the Conservative Party, who has held the seat since 2010.[n 2]
1997–2010: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Childs Hill, East Finchley, Finchley, Garden Suburb, Golders Green, St Paul's, and Woodhouse.
2010–present: As above; less St Paul's, plus West Finchley and replacing Finchley with Finchley Church End.
The constituency covers Finchley, Golders Green, Childs Hill and Hampstead Garden Suburb in the London Borough of Barnet. It was created in 1997 largely replacing the abolished constituency of Finchley—plus major parts of abolished Hendon South, less some of its wards transferred to the Chipping Barnet seat which covers Barnet. Specifically the creation saw the removal of Friern Barnet and the addition of Golders Green, Childs Hill and Hampstead Garden Suburb.
2007 boundary review
Under a review of parliamentary representation, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended in a boundary report published in 2007 that:
- parts of Golders Green ward and Finchley Church End ward be transferred from Hendon
- part of Woodhouse ward be transferred from Chipping Barnet;
- parts of Mill Hill ward and Coppetts ward be transferred to Hendon and Chipping Barnet respectively.
These changes took effect at the 2010 general election.
Most of this zone was in Finchley (abolished), created in 1918, most famously represented by former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher from 1959 to 1992; reshaping meant that she never re-won as large a majority as 1959, and was re-elected by a 10 per cent margin in 1974. She was nonetheless won 8,000 and 9,000 majorities, 20 per cent margins, at the three general elections throughout her premiership.
The 2015 result gave the seat the 65th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
The 2019 result saw Labour's share of the vote decline by 19.6% as the party dropped to third place. This was the 8th worst decline, among the 630 Labour candidates. The Liberal Democrats, who came second in the seat for the first time, increased vote share by 25.3%, the third-largest increase of their candidates. They were partly helped by the Green Party's choice to stand aside locally via the Unite to Remain electoral pact.
The area is relatively green and hilly for London and has many tube stations. Finchley and Golders Green were overwhelmingly built on in the first half of the 20th century when at the fringe of London. The area has since the heyday of the railways had little industry or large headquarters of its own, the non-commuting economy being in public service, high street retail, leisure and hospitality, domestic/commercial premises tradespeople, plus home-based media, digital economy and arts workers. Commuters take in many people in the financial, medical and legal professions and some people ancillary to central London's diverse economy.
In southern parts of the London Borough of Barnet, private – and one-family – housing still exceeds the London average; houses tend to have gardens exceeding their footprint yet there are too many older, subdivided, townhouses and shared or modest-size family flats. The proportion of social and assured or supported rental housing is lower than the London average. Most residents have quite high incomes largely to meet the cost of mortgages and rent, are very well educated, and middle-class – it retains many Labour Party supporters in East and West Finchley. Over 20% of residents are Jewish, the highest of any seat.
Members of Parliament
According to Rallings and Thrasher, the boundary changes which came into force for the general election of 2010 meant that this seat notionally already had a Conservative majority, albeit a very small one.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Luciana Berger||17,600||31.9||+25.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Davies||3,463||6.6||+3.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Davies||1,662||3.3||−13.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Laura Edge||8,036||17.0||-0.1|
|Conservative win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Susan Garden||7,282||16.9||+4.8|
|UKIP||Jeremy C. Jacobs||453||1.0||+0.2|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Rainbow George Weiss||110||0.3||+0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Teather||5,266||12.1||+0.8|
|UKIP||John A. de Roeck||330||0.8||+0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan M. Davies||5,670||11.3||N/A|
|Referendum||Gary D. Shaw||684||1.4||N/A|
|UKIP||David N.G. Barraclough||205||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
- Finchley (UK Parliament constituency), approximate predecessor
- Hendon South (UK Parliament constituency), half of which was merged with Finchley
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. pp. 55 & 200. ISBN 978-0-00-839258-1.
- "UK Polling Report".
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"
- General Election 2010 – Finchley & Golders Green BBC News
- "Election of a Member of Parliament for the Finchley and Golders Green Parliamentary Constituency: Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). London Borough of Barnet. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- "Finchley & Golders Green parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News.
- "Finchley & Golders Green parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report" (PDF).
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". 9 July 2015. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Finchley & Golders Green parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Richard King, UKIP PPC for Finchley and Golders Green". ukipbarnet.org. Archived from the original on 2015-02-20.
- James Caven. "'We aren't going away': Lib Dems choose candidate for Finchley and Golders Green". Times Series.
- "Our candidates – Barnet Green Party". barnetgreenparty.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2015-01-29.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- BBC News|Election 2010|Constituency|Finchley & Golders Green news.bbc.co.uk, retrieved 27 July 2012
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| UK Parliament constituency
1997 – present