Paralichthys adspersus

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Paralichthys adspersus
Fine flounder.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Paralichthyidae
Genus: Paralichthys
Species: P. adspersus
Binomial name
Paralichthys adspersus
(Steindachner, 1867)
Synonyms
  • Hippoglossus kingii Jenyns, 1842
  • Pseudorhombus adspersus Steindachner, 1867

Paralichthys adspersus, the fine flounder, is a species of large-tooth flounder native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, along the continental shelf from the coast of Ecuador in the north to the coast of Peru in the south.

It is a medium-sized flatfish, growing up to 70 cm in length, with females typically being larger than males. It is a game fish, caught by an artisanal fishery off the Peruvian coast.

The species is a predator, feeding off smaller fishes in its habitat.

Paralichthys adspersus was first collected by Charles Darwin in the Galapagos Islands and was described in 1842 as Hippoglossus kingii, which would have placed it in the left-eye flounder family. However, the description of H. kingii has been determined to lack sufficient information to absolutely determine which species it describes and is thus considered ambiguous and therefore is not valid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nielsen, J.G.; Munroe, T.; Tyler, J.; Bussing, W. (2010). "Paralichthys adspersus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T183528A8129027. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T183528A8129027.en. Downloaded on 20 March 2018.