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Valdemar Fini Henriques (baptized Finni) (October 20, 1867 at Frederiksberg - October 27, 1940 in Copenhagen) was a Danish composer and violinist.
His parents were hospital inspector and justice counsel Vilhelm Moritz Henriques (1828-1889), who was of Jewish origin, and Marie Christine Rasmussen (1826-1913). He was brother-in-law to the doctor and philosopher Severin Christensen. Fini Henriques' son, musician Johan Henriques, was the concert master of the 2nd violin group in the Royal Chapel, where his father had worked for almost four years as a violinist.
Henriques became a private student of the violinist Valdemar Tofte, who was the concert master of the chapel and professor at the Conservatory of Music, and of the chief director of the Royal Chapel, Johan Svendsen, after Niels W. Gade had advised him to go through the Conservatory of Music. From 1888 - 1891 he was in Berlin, where he studied at violinist Joseph Joachim and composer Woldemar Bargiel, who was half brother to Clara Schumann and himself student of Niels W. Gade. After his time in Copenhagen, he returned for one year to Germany and Austria. At the time of his return, he was employed in the Royal Chapel in 1892, initially as a violist and later as a violinist. After a clash with Frederik Rung, he resigned in 1896 to live a free life as a composer, educator and concert violinist, a career that soon made him a popular figure. As a young man he developed a friendship with Carl Nielsen which lasted until Nielsen's death in 1931.
His teacher Joseph Joachim was the greatest violinist of the day, but Fini Henriques concentrated more on the smaller forms. He formed his own string quartet and founded the chamber music association Musiksamfundet, which he chaired until 1931. He also traveled as concert soloist, chamber musician and conductor numerous times in the Nordic countries as well as to Paris and Berlin. He sat on the board of Danish Composers' Society and was Knight of Dannebrog (1921) and Dannebrogsmand (1937).
Henriques' music is considered open and welcoming, and was very popular in his lifetime. He wrote mostly for his own instrument — the violin — in addition to songs and piano music. In addition to various pieces for chamber crews and smaller orchestral works, Henriques has written symphonies and ballets. His works include The Little Mermaid (1909) and Tata, as well as a lot of other stage music, including the opera Stærstikkeren (1927) with text by CM Norman-Hansen, and Vølund Smed (composed 1943) with text by Aage Barfoed after Holger Drachmann .
- This article was initially translated from the Danish Wikipedia.
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