landskapet Egentliga Finland
Finland Proper on a map of Finland
|Historical province||Finland Proper|
|• Total||10,910.05 km2 (4,212.39 sq mi)|
|• Density||43/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FI-19|
|Regional fish||Baltic herring|
Southwest Finland or, officially, Varsinais-Suomi, also known as Finland Proper (Finnish: Varsinais-Suomi, Swedish: Egentliga Finland) is a region in the south-west of Finland. It borders the regions of Satakunta, Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), and Uusimaa. The region's capital and most populous city is Turku.
Origin of the name
The name of Finland Proper has a historical function. In historic times, in the area of the present southern Finland lived three tribes, which were the Finns, the Tavastians and the Karelians. The southwestern part of the country, the province where the Finns lived, was called simply Finland (Finnish: Suomi). In the 17th century the name began to be used to refer to the whole land and a specified name for the lesser Finland was required. The first notes Fennigia specialiter dicta and Fennigia presse dicta were recorded in Latin in the 1650s and the Swedish Finland för sig sielft and Egenteliga Finland later in the 18th century the modern form Egentliga Finland being in official use at the end of the century. The Finnish term Varsinais-Suomi became established only around the 1850s.
The region of Southwest Finland is made up of 27 municipalities, of which 11 have city status (marked in bold).
Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2015 in Finland Proper:
- National Coalition Party 21.0%
- Finns Party 19.3%
- Centre Party 16.2%
- Social Democratic Party 15.5%
- Left Alliance 10.3%
- Green League 8.7%
- Swedish People's Party 5.0%
- Christian Democrats 2.4%
- Other parties 1.6%
Turku Cathedral dating back to the 13th century is Finland's national shrine and one of Finland's most recognized buildings
A typical view from Turku Archipelago, the largest archipelago (by number of islands) in the world
The Old Castle of Lieto and rural landscape
Naantali Harbour with the former Bridgettine monastery church in the background
A general view of the City of Turku from the tower of the cathedral
Bengtskär lighthouse in Kimitoön is the highest one in the Nordic countries
The medieval Turku Castle on the banks of River Aura is one of the most influential buildings in Finnish history
A limestone quarry in Pargas
Historical salt warehouses in Uusikaupunki town centre
A bridge from 1850 in Taivassalo
Korpo Church; there are 25 remaining medieval churches in the region
May Day celebrations in Turku centre; the Arts Museum on the top of Street Aurakatu
Traffic connections between islands are mostly served with ferries in the archipelago
A street view in Turku; old wooden houses and modern block of flats
Marshland in Loimaa
Naantali Old Town has been well preserved
Pargas Old Town
- The regional council of the region uses the name "Southwest Finland". Despite this, the Language Planning Department of Finland recommends the name "Varsinais-Suomi" as suggested in the statement by the Ministry of the Interior of Finland in 1999. The Institute for the Languages of Finland lists the official English name as "Varsinais-Suomi".
- Suomalainen paikannimikirja. Jyväskylä: Gummerus. 2007. ISBN 978-951-593-976-0.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Finland Proper.|
Finland Proper travel guide from Wikivoyage