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Finnair Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1 November 1923 (as Aero O/Y)[1]
Frequent-flyer program Finnair Plus
Alliance Oneworld
Fleet size 71 (incl. Nordic Regional Airlines)[2]
Destinations 108
Company slogan Designed for you
Parent company Finnair Group[3]
Headquarters Helsinki Airport
Vantaa, Finland[4]
Key people Pekka Vauramo, President & CEO[5]
Revenue Increase EUR 2.3 billion (2016)[6]
Operating income Increase EUR 55.2 million (2016)[6]
Employees 4,937 (December 2016)[7]

Finnair (Finnish: Finnair Oyj, Swedish: Finnair Abp)[8] is the flag carrier[9] and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa and its main hub at Helsinki Airport. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both domestic and international air travel in Finland. Its major shareholder is the government of Finland, with 55.8%[10] of the shares. Finnair is a member of the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2015, it transported over 10 million passengers to over 60 European, 13 Asian and 4 North-American destinations. At the end of 2016, the airline employed 4,937 people.[7]

Finnair is the fifth oldest airline in the world with uninterrupted existence. With no fatal or hull-loss accidents since 1963, Finnair is consistently on the list of safest airlines in the world (#3 in 2014).[11]



Finnish Airlines Douglas DC-3 from the late 1940s, restored to original livery at Oulu, (2014)
Finnair Convair 440 in 1963
Finnair McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in 1991
Finnair Airbus A300 in 1995

In 1923, consul Bruno Lucander founded Finnair as Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd). The company code, "AY", originates from this; AY stands for Aero Yhtiö ("yhtiö" means "company" in Finnish). Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. In mid-1923 he concluded an agreement with Junkers Flugzeugwerke AG to provide aircraft and technical support in exchange for a 50% ownership in the new airline. The charter establishing the company was signed in Helsinki on 12 September 1923, and the company was entered into the trade register on 11 December 1923. The first flight was on 20 March 1924 from Helsinki to Tallinn, Estonia on a Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats. The seaplane service ended in December 1936 following the construction of the first aerodromes in Finland.

World War II[edit]

Air raids on Helsinki and other Finnish cities made World War II a difficult period for the airline. Half the fleet was requisitioned by the Finnish Air Force and it is estimated that, during the Winter War of 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's other Finnish cities main passengers were children being evacuated to Sweden.

Immediate postwar period[edit]

The Finnish government wanted longer routes so it acquired a majority stake in the company in 1946 and re-established services to Europe in November 1947, initially using the Douglas DC-3. In 1953, the airline began branding itself as Finnair. The Convair 440 twin-engined pressurised airliner was acquired from January 1953 and these faster aircraft were operated on the company's longer routes as far as London.

Jet Age (1970s)[edit]

In 1961, Finnair joined the jet age by adding Rolls-Royce Avon-engined Caravelles to its fleet. These were later exchanged with the manufacturer for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-engined Super Caravelles. In 1962, Finnair acquired a 27% controlling interest in a private Finnish airline, Kar-Air. Finnair Oy became the company's official name on 25 June 1968. In 1969, it took possession of its first U.S. made jet, a Douglas DC-8. The first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969.[citation needed] In the 1960s Finnair's head office was in Helsinki.[12]

Finnair received its first widebody aircraft in 1975, two DC-10-30 planes. The first of these arrived on 4 February 1975 and entered service on 14 February 1975, flying between Helsinki and Las Palmas.

In 1979, Finnair established a subsidiary company Finnaviation for domestic operations, with a 60% stake.[13]

Expansion (1980s)[edit]

In 1983, Finnair became the first operator to fly non-stop from Western Europe to Japan operating Helsinki-Tokyo flights with one McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER. Until then, flights had to go via Moscow (Aeroflot, SAS, BA) or Anchorage (most carriers)[14] due to Soviet airspace restrictions, but Finnair circumvented these by flying directly north from Helsinki, over the North Pole and back south through the Bering Strait, avoiding the Soviet airspace.[15] The aircraft was fitted with extra fuel tanks, taking 13 hours for the trip.[16] The routes through Soviet airspace and with a stopover in Moscow also took 13 hours, but flights with a stopover at Anchorage took up to 16 hours, giving Finnair a competitive edge. In the spring of 1986, Soviet regulators finally cleared the way for Air France and Japan Airlines to fly nonstop Paris-Tokyo services over Soviet airspace, putting Finnair at a disadvantage.[17]

Finnair launched a Helsinki-Beijing route in 1988, making Finnair the first Western European carrier to fly non-stop between Europe and China.[citation needed] In 1989, Finnair became the launch customer for the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first of which was delivered on 7 December 1990. The first revenue service with the MD-11 took place on 20 December 1990, with OH-LGA operating a flight from Helsinki to Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

Subsidiary airlines (1990s–2000s)[edit]

In 1997, the subsidiaries Kar-Air and Finnaviation became wholly owned by Finnair, and were integrated into the mainline operations. On 25 September 1997, the company's official name was changed to Finnair Oyj.

In 1999, Finnair joined the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2001, Finnair reused the name "Aero" when establishing Aero Airlines, a subsidiary airline based in Tallinn, Estonia.

In 2003, Finnair acquired ownership of the Swedish low-cost airline, FlyNordic, which operated mainly within Scandinavia. In 2007, Finnair sold all its shares in FlyNordic to Norwegian Air Shuttle. As part of the transaction, Finnair acquired 4.8% of the latter company, becoming its third largest shareholder. Finnair later sold their shares in 2013.[18]

On 8 March 2007, Finnair became the first airline to order the Airbus A350 XWB aircraft, placing an order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB (plus 8 options), with delivery to start in 2015.[19]

Labour disputes and restructuring (2006–present)[edit]

Finnair has suffered from many labour disputes in this period, resulting from cost-cutting measures prompted by competition from budget airlines.[20][21][22][23][24]

On 1 December 2011, Finnair transferred its baggage and apron services to Swissport International as per a five-year agreement signed on 7 November 2011. [25]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Head office[edit]

Finnair head office, House of Travel and Transportation

In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"), on what used to be a car park right next to its previous head office located in Tietotie 11, on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013. The previous head office had been in use since 1994, then replacing a head office located in Helsinki city centre.[26][27]

The new mixed-use head office has a total floor space of 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft) and 22,400 square metres (241,000 sq ft) of office space.[28]


The State of Finland is the controlling shareholder (55.8%).[10][29] Finnair's stock is listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange. As of early 2012, the Finnish government was considering decreasing its share of Finnair ownership below 50%.[30]

Subsidiaries and associates[edit]

Finnair Cargo building

Finnair Cargo[edit]

Two subsidiary companies, Finnair Cargo Oy and Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy, form Finnair's cargo business.[31] The offices of both companies are at Helsinki Airport.[32][33] Finnair Cargo uses currently Finnair's fleet on its cargo operations.

Finnair Cargo has three hubs:

  • Helsinki Airport: Helsinki Airport is the main hub of Finnair Cargo. There is a new freight terminal under construction at the airport, scheduled to be opened in the first half of 2017.
  • Brussels Airport: Finnair Cargo has used Brussels Airport as a secondary hub for freight operations. Now the cargo airline operates its flights from BRU in co-operation with DHL Aviation (EAT Leipzig).
  • London Heathrow Airport: Heathrow Airport is the most recent hub addition to Finnair Cargo's route network. In co-operation with IAG Cargo, Finnair operates to LHR five times a week with Airbus A350 to carry extra freight.

Nordic Regional Airlines[edit]

A Nordic Regional Airlines ATR 72-500 aircraft in new livery at Helsinki Airport

Nordic Regional Airlines is a subsidiary airline of Finnair. The airlines uses ATR 72-500 that are leased from Finnair and Embraer E190 aircraft. All Embraer aircraft are painted in Finnair-livery. The airline began operations on 20 October 2011 as a joint venture between Flybe and Finnair. The airline has operated under Finnair's flight code since 1 May 2015.

Business trends[edit]

The key trends for Finnair over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Turnover (€ m) 1,558 1,683 1,871 1,990 2,181 2,256 1,838 2,023 2,257 2,449 2,400 2,284 2,254 2,316
Profit (EBT) (€ m) −22 31 88 −15 139 −62 −125 −33 −111.5 16.5 11.9 −36.5 23.7 55.2
Number of employees (average) 9,981 9,522 9,447 9,598 9,480 9,595 8,797 7,578 7,467 6,784 5,859 5,172 4,906 5,045
Number of passengers (m) 6.8 8.1 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.3 7.4 7.1 8.0 8.8 9.2 9.6 10.3 10.8
Passenger load factor (%) 69.6 71.2 72.6 75.2 75.5 75.2 75.9 76.5 73.3 77.6 79.5 80.2 80.4 79.8
Number of aircraft (at year end) 59 69 69 72 62 65 68 63 65 60 70 67 72 73
Notes/sources [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47]

Italic text

Corporate design[edit]


Finnair A319 in retro livery

The company revealed a new livery in December 2010. Major changes include a restyled and larger lettering on the body, repainting of the engines in white, and a reversal of the color scheme for the tail fin favoring a white background with a blue stylized logo. The outline of the globe was also removed from the tail fin.[48]

Flight attendant uniforms[edit]

Finnair's previous cabin crew uniform was named the fifth most stylish uniform by the French magazine Bon Voyage.[49] The current uniform was designed by Ritva-Liisa Pohjalainen and launched in December 2011. Finnair has codes to indicate the rank of crew members: one stripe in the sleeve for normal cabin attendant, two stripes for senior cabin crew (only for outsourced crew) acting as a purser in Hong Kong, Singapore and Spain flights, and three stripes for a purser/chief purser. Additionally, female pursers have a white vertical stripe on their dresses or blouses. Finnair requires its cabin crew to wear gloves during take off and landing for safety reasons.


Main article: Finnair destinations
Finnair destinations, Ireland and Vietnam not included.
  Year-round flights
  Seasonal flights only

From its Helsinki hub Finnair flies to over 110 destinations in 37 countries around the world in Asia, Europe and North America. The domestic and intra-European flights are partly carried out in cooperation with Nordic Regional Airlines, operating an ATR/Embraer fleet.

On 25 September 2015, Finnair announced that the airline would make Miami route a year-round and add more frequencies to Chicago due to increase of demand.[50] While Finnair made Miami a year-round route, the airline discontinued its Toronto service. Now Finnair has three scheduled routes to North-America: Miami with three weekly frequencies and New York with daily service and Chicago summer seasonal route with five weekly frequencies. As of 1 June 2017, there will be four destinations in the United States as Finnair launches service to San Francisco.

In summer season of 2016, Finnair introduced 4 new scheduled routes in Europe, while 8 charter/leisure routes converted to scheduled service. Those routes are from Helsinki to Billund, Edinburgh, Mytilene, Preveza, Pula, Rimini, Santorini, Skiathos, Varna, Verona and Zakinthos.[51] On May 2016, Finnair also introduced new seasonal routes to Fukuoka in Japan and Guangzhou in China.

In late 2016, Finnair announced several new destinations including Alicante, Astana, Corfu, Ibiza, Menorca and Reykjavík (Keflavík) that will be launched in the summer season of 2017. Finnair also converted some charter/leisure destinations including Puerto Plata and Varadero to scheduled service.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Finnair codeshares with the following airlines:[52]


Current fleet[edit]

The fleet of Finnair consists of narrow-bodied and wide-bodied aircraft, including the Airbus A319, Airbus A320, Airbus A321, Airbus A330 and Airbus A350. ATR-72 and Embraer E-190 aircraft are operated by Nordic Regional Airlines. The airline utilizes Airbus A319, A320 and A321 aircraft on domestic and European flights. Airbus A321-231 is also used on long-haul flights from Helsinki to Dubai. Finnair uses its wide-body aircraft on intercontinental flights. Finnair utilizes Airbus A330 on flights from Helsinki to Bangkok, Chicago, Chongqing, Delhi, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Miami, Nagoya, New York, Osaka, Puerto Plata, Seoul, Tokyo, Varadero and Xi'an. In the beginning of 2018, Finnair will be using A330s also on its flights from Helsinki to San Francisco and Goa.

As of 28 February 2017, the Finnair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[53][54][55]

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Airbus A319-100 9 var var 138 Some aircraft will be phased out and replaced by Airbus A321.[56]
Airbus A320-200 10 var var 165
Airbus A321-200 14 7 var var 196 One aircraft (OH-LZM) leased from BOC Aviation.[57]
Two aircraft wet-leased from Air Berlin until April 2017.[58]
Remaining seven will be leased and delivered 2017-2018, will be configured with 209 seats.[59][60][61]
var var 209
Airbus A330-300 8 45 40 178 263[62] All aircraft will have new cabin interior.[63]
32 40 213 285[64]
Airbus A350-900 7 12 46 43 208 297 Expected deliveries: 2017 (4), 2018 (1), 2019–2023 (8).[65][66]
All 19 aircraft will be delivered by the end of 2023.
Replaced all Airbus A340-300s.[67][68]
32 43 261 336[69]
ATR 72-500 11 68 68 All leased to Nordic Regional Airlines[70]
72 72
Embraer E-190 12 var var 100 Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Total 71 19

Fleet notes:

  • All A319, A320 and A321 aircraft (excluding A321-231 aircraft with 209 seat configuration) will receive new seat configuration.[71]

Airbus A350[edit]

On 8 March 2007, Finnair firmed up its orders for 11 Airbus A350-900 aircraft with 8 options. On 3 December 2014, it was announced that Finnair had firmed up the contract for 8 additional Airbus A350-900 aircraft deliveries starting in 2018.[19] On 13 August 2014, Finnair announced plans to initially deploy its A350-900 aircraft on services to Bangkok, Beijing and Shanghai from 2015, with A350 services to Hong Kong and Singapore to be added in 2016. Currently Finnair operates the Airbus A350 to Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Seoul, Shanghai and Singapore. Finnair also operated A350 aircraft on several flights to New York in January 2016 and became the first European airline to operate the A350 to the United States.[72] Finnair uses the A350 on some scheduled flights from Helsinki to Brussels and London to carry extra freight as well. Osaka (Kansai)[73] and Tokyo (Narita) will be added to Finnair's A350 network in summer 2017 and Havana as well as Puerto Vallarta in the end of 2017.

Finnair took delivery of its first A350-900 XWB aircraft on 7 October 2015, becoming the third airline to operate the aircraft, after Qatar Airways and Vietnam Airlines.[74] According to the currently anticipated delivery schedule, it will have five A350 XWB aircraft at the beginning of the second quarter of 2016, seven by the end of 2016, 11 by the end of 2017, and 19 by the end of 2023.

Fleet gallery[edit]

Future fleet plans[edit]

Finnair has planned to retire older Airbus A340 aircraft by the end of 2017 and replace them with Airbus A350 aircraft. The airline had also planned to retire two Airbus A330 aircraft, but Finnair later canceled the plan, and shall retire those aircraft in the 2020s at the earliest. Some of the new A350 aircraft will increase the number of aircraft operated by Finnair. As of 1 February 2017, all Airbus A340 aircraft are exited from the fleet. The very last A340 (OH-LQE) operated its last flight from Tokyo to Helsinki on 1 February 2017.

On 18 December 2015, Finnair decided to improve the space efficiency of its current Airbus narrow-body fleet due to a growing need for feeder traffic capacity. The value of the investment is approximately EUR 40 million, and it includes 22 narrow-body Airbus aircraft in Finnair’s fleet. The cabin layout change excludes five A321ER aircraft, which are already configured according to the plan, having 209 seats. The cabin reconfiguration is estimated to take two weeks per aircraft during 2017. The reconfiguration adds 6 to 13 seats depending on the aircraft type, increasing the passenger capacity of Finnair’s Airbus narrow-body fleet as measured by available seat kilometers by close to 4 percent.[75] Finnair also has planned to increase the number of its narrow-body fleet. As a first step, Finnair will lease eight Airbus A321 narrow-body aircraft.

In March 2016, Finnair announced to lease two Airbus A321 aircraft from Air Berlin for Finnair's European operations. These two aircraft were delivered in late April 2016 to Finnair. The airline has used these A321s on flights from Helsinki to Amsterdam, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Paris, Split, Vienna and Zürich.[76]

On 15 December 2016, Finnair announced to lease two Airbus A321s from CDB Aviation Lease Finance. The first aircraft is scheduled for delivery to Finnair for the winter season 2017/2018 and the second for the summer season 2018. Seven of the ordered aircraft will be delivered in 2017.[60]

In the beginning of 2017, Finnair revealed its plans to add more seats to Airbus A350 aircraft. According to Finnair's new A350 aircraft will have 32 seats in Business Class, 304 seats in Economy Class (including Economy Comfort) and total of 336 seats. This new seat configuration will be used on airline's routes from Helsinki to Bangkok, Beijing and Seoul.[69]

Special Liveries[edit]

Registration Livery Aircraft Source
OH-LVD Oneworld livery Airbus A319-100 [77]
OH-LTO Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko" Livery Airbus A330-300 [78]
OH-LWB Oneworld-livery Airbus A350-900 [79]
OH-LKN Embraer 190 [80]

Finnair's current special liveries are Marimekko "Unikko", Marimekko-50th Anniversary "Unikko" and Oneworld-liveries. Finnair has also used special liveries, including the "Moomins", "Santa Claus", 1950s retro livery and Angry Birds.

Historical fleet[edit]

Finnair has previously operated the following equipment:[81]

Aircraft Introduced Exited Notes
ATR 72-500 ? 2016 1 aircraft has been retired, 11 aircraft are still in service (leased to Nordic Regional Airlines).
Airbus A300B4-200FF 1986 2004 with a 2-crew cockpit
Boeing 757-200 1997 2014 Replaced by Airbus A321-231 aircraft
Airbus A340-300 2006 2017 Last example OH-LQE retired from commercial service 1.2.2017[82][83]
Replaced by Airbus A350-900.
Two aircraft acquired from Air France and Virgin Atlantic Airways.
Convair CV-440 Metropolitan 1953 1980
de Havilland Dragon Rapide 1937 1947
Douglas DC-2 1941 1948
Douglas DC-3 1947 1969
Douglas DC-8-62CF 1969 1981
Douglas DC-8-62 1975 1985
Douglas DC-9-14 / -15F / -15MC / -15RC / -41 / -51 1971 2003
Embraer E-170 2005 2016 Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.
Fokker F27 1980 1987
Junkers F.13 1924 1935
Junkers G.24 1926 1935
Junkers Ju 52/3m 1932 1949
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 / -30ER 1975 1996
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 1990 2009 Launch Customer,
Cargo version operated 2010–2011
Replaced by Airbus A340-300 aircraft
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 / -83 / -87 1983 2006
Sud Aviation Caravelle 1A 1960 1961
Sud Aviation Caravelle III 1961 1964
Sud Aviation Caravelle 10B (Super Caravelle) 1964 1986


Finnair Plus[edit]

Finnair Plus is Finnair's frequent-flyer programme. Passengers are awarded points based on the type and class of flight flown. Once enough miles are banked into the passenger's account, a membership tier (Basic, Silver, Gold or Platinum) is awarded. There is a Junior tier exclusively for minors. Silver, Gold, and Platinum members have privileges such as premium check-in desks and priority boarding.

Finnair offers frequent-flyer partnerships with Nordic Regional Airlines (only for the 2000 flight number series, not for domestic flights) in addition to those in the Oneworld alliance:

In addition to earning points on flights with Finnair and its partner airlines, Finnair Plus members can earn points through various hotel and car rental partners in Finland and around the world along with other service partners.

Finnair lounges[edit]

Finnair lounge at Helsinki Airport.

Finnair operates three own lounges at Helsinki Airport. One is accessible in the Schengen Area by travelers in Finnair's Business Class, Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members as well as Oneworld Sapphire and Emerald members. The two other are located in the non-Schengen area and the Finnair Business Lounge has the same access criteria as the one in the Schengen area except Japan Airlines Business Class passengers also have access. Finnair also operates a Premium Lounge next to the Business lounge in the non-Schengen area that Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members have access to as well as Oneworld Emerald members have access to. The non-Schengen lounges have a Finnish sauna. The remaining international destinations are served with contract lounges.

Economy Comfort[edit]

Finnair Airbus A350-900 Economy Class

Economy Comfort is Finnair's new premium economy product debuting on long haul aircraft December 2014. It will not be a separate class but more of an upgraded economy product, much like Delta's Economy Comfort class. Economy Comfort seats will be located in the first 5 rows of economy providing 34-36" of pitch (3-5" more pitch than standard economy seats) and a comfier headrest, plus noise canceling headphones and a comfort kit. Seats will be free to Finnair Plus and oneworld elites and passengers with a full fare coach ticket, and available to all other customers for a fee.

Meals and drinks[edit]

On most European flights, a cold salad or sandwich is served, together with non-alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic beverages and additional food items are available for purchase. Domestic flights as well as shorter European flights have snacks for sale and free non-alcoholic beverages. Business class offers warm meals and free beverages, including alcohol. On most Intercontinental flights there is a choice of meals in economy class. In inter-continental business class on most Airbus aircraft (excluding those with fully lie-flat seats), there is a dedicated snack bar.[84] As of November 2014 the complementary salad or sandwich is discontinued and beverages have been limited to coffee, tea, water, milk and blueberry juice on European flights.[85]

In-flight entertainment[edit]

All Finnair aircraft have LCD video monitors or personal entertainment systems except the Embraer 170s and 190s and the Airbus A321-231 (Sharklet). Airbus A320 series aircraft have monitors showing exterior shots, moving-map systems and mute television programs. Airbus A330, Airbus A340 and Airbus A350 aircraft have an AVOD personal entertainment system on all seats with about 72 movies, 150 TV shows, 200 music albums, 24 radio channels and 15 games.[86]

In-flight magazine[edit]

Finnair's English-language in-flight magazine, Blue Wings, is published 10 times a year by the Finnish media group Sanoma. The first edition of Blue Wings magazine was published in 1980. There are domestic and international newspapers on all flights and magazines on long-haul flights in business class.


Year Award By Notes
2009 4-Star Airline Skytrax World Airline Awards [87]
2010 Best Airline In Northern Europe [88][89]
2013 Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [90]
Best International Airline — Off-Line Carrier AFTA National Travel Industry Awards [91]
2014 Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [89]
Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [90]
2015 Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [89]
2016 Best European Airline TTG Annual Travel Awards [90]
Best Airline In Northern Europe Skytrax World Airline Awards [92]
Best Airline Business Class Best Travel Awards [93]
Best Inflight Catering Airline World Traveller Awards [93]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On November 16th 1927, a Junkers F.13 disappeared en route from Tallinn to Helsinki. The Pilot and his two Passengers were never found.
  • On 10th November 1937, a Junkers Ju 52 en route from Turku to Stockholm suffered the detachment of the nose-engine whilst over the Sea. The Pilots managed to successfully land the aircraft with no fatalities. A Broken Propeller blade resulted in a severe imbalance that tore the engine off.
  • On 14th June 1940, Ju 52 aircraft Kaleva was shot down by the Soviet Air Force over the Gulf of Finland, apparently as a Prelude to the Occupation of Estonia. All 9 people on board perished.
  • On June 7th 1941, a Ju 52 aircraft equipped with floats was forced to make an emergency landing after losing power on all three engines due to fuel impurity. Although the Aircraft was recovered and returned to service, the two occupants of the Aircraft drowned in attempting to swim to safety.
  • On 31st October 1945, a Ju 52 suffered a CFIT on approach to Hyvinkää. Radio signals were distorted by high-tension wires and the pilots let the plane descend too low. All 14 people on board survived, but the Aircraft was written off.
  • On January 3rd 1961, Flight 311 from Kronoby to Vaasa flown by a Douglas DC-3 stalled on final approach and crashed, killing all 25 people on board. The two Pilots were both intoxicated by Alcohol and sleep deprived. This is Finland's worst aviation accident.
  • On November 8th 1963, Flight 217 from Helsinki to Mariehamn via Turku flown by a DC-3 crashed into terrain on final approach to Mariehamn. The sole Flight Attendant and two Passengers were the only survivors of the crash. The cause was believed to have been poor visibility and a malfunctioning altimeter that tricked the Pilots into believing they were higher then they really were. To date, this is Finnair's last fatal accident.
  • On September 30th 1978, Flight 405 from Oulu to Helsinki flown by Sud Aviation Caravelle, was hijacked by a lone male armed with a Pistol {Finland did not perform security checks on Domestic flights}, who held the 48 other passengers and crew hostage. The Plane continued to Helsinki, where 34 of the 44 Passengers were released before returning to Oulu where the Hijacker received a large ransom from Finnair. The Plane then returned to Helsinki for another ransom from a Finnish Newspaper before flying to Amsterdam and then back to Helsinki before returning to Oulu. The Hijacker released the large hostages and departed the plane before being arrested on October 1st at his home.
  • On December 23rd 1987, Flight 915 from Tokyo to Helsinki was apparently shot at by a Missile whilst over the Kola Peninsula from the Soviet Union. Said Missile apparently exploded in the air before striking the DC-10. The events were not revealed until 2014.


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External links[edit]

Media related to Finnair at Wikimedia Commons