Finningham

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Finningham
Finningham Church - geograph.org.uk - 356348.jpg
St. Bartholomews Church, Finningham
Finningham is located in Suffolk
Finningham
Finningham
Finningham shown within Suffolk
Population 480 (2005)[1]
480 (2011)[2]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Stowmarket
Postcode district IP14
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
SuffolkCoordinates: 52°17′00″N 1°01′48″E / 52.28336°N 1.02991°E / 52.28336; 1.02991

Finningham is a village and civil parish in the Mid Suffolk district of Suffolk in eastern England, located approximately 8 miles north of Stowmarket and 16 miles from the county town of Ipswich. In 2011 its population was 480[1].

History[edit]

20th century map of Finningham, Suffolk

In the 1870s, Finningham was described as "a village and a parish in Hartismere district, Suffolk. The village stands adjacent to the Eastern Union railway"[3].

Finningham railway station opened in 1848 for goods traffic and in 1849 for passengers. Located in the neighbouring parish of Bacton, Suffolk on the Great Eastern Main Line, the station provided a train link to London and Norwich. The station was closed in 1966 as part of the Beeching Axe, although the line remains open and runs over the nearby Wickham Road.

The monk and author Robert de Finingham, who died in 1460, was born and educated in Finningham.

[4]

Geography[edit]

Finningham sits in a slight valley either side of a tributary of the River Dove that flows north-eastwards via Eye to join the River Waveney at the Norfolk border. The village is situated on the 'High Suffolk' claylands, deposited on the Ice Ages over the chalk that underlies most of the county. This makes the area good for arable farming[5], because the clay binds the soil together and makes it less prone to erosion.

Demographics[edit]

Total population of Finningham, Suffolk (1801-2011)
Occupational structure of Finningham, Suffolk (1881)

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 Census there were 239 males and 241 females living in the parish.[6]. Over the years, Finningham's population has changed, reaching its peak in 1851 with 571.[6]. Population fell between 1911 and 1921, possibly due to World War I.

Age Structure[edit]

The mean age in Finningham was 44.9 years (2011 Census) – compared to the national average of 39.3 years. This could be because of the higher proportion of elderly people (‘Age Structure’ pie chart) who may have retired and live in rural villages such as Finningham.

Age structure of Finningham, Suffolk (2011 Census)

Occupational Structure[edit]

Agriculture was a major industry in Suffolk, partly due to the geography of the area. In 1881, 83 people were employed by the agricultural industry[7] - more than any other in Finningham. 81 of them were men, as women at the time spent more time doing domestic work due to social attitudes and status at the time. 77 of the 97 women in 1881 had an 'unknown occupation'[7]. However, more women than men were working as 'professionals' and in 'domestic service or offices'.

Transport[edit]

The closure of Finningham railway station meant that the nearest railway station is located around 7.5 miles south in Stowmarket, on the Great Eastern Main Line, providing links to Ipswich and London.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Estimates of Total Population of Areas in Suffolk Archived 19 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Suffolk County Council
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. 
  4. ^ "Finningham Topographic Map Series". Vision of Britain. 1945. Retrieved 2017-03-24. 
  5. ^ "Mid Suffolk District Council Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). Mid Suffolk District Council. 2009. Retrieved 2017-03-24. 
  6. ^ a b "Finningham: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. March 2011. Retrieved 2017-02-02. 
  7. ^ a b "Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'orders' plus sex". Vision of Britain Through Time. 1881. Retrieved 2017-03-25. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Finningham at Wikimedia Commons