Fiona Apple

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Fiona Apple
Apple performing in New York City, 2015
Apple performing in New York City, 2015
Background information
Birth nameFiona Apple McAfee-Maggart
Born (1977-09-13) September 13, 1977 (age 42)
New York City, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
Years active1994–present
Labels
Websitefiona-apple.com

Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart (born September 13, 1977) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, and poet. An eight-time Grammy Award nominee and one-time winner, her albums have reached the top five on the U.S. chart in four consecutive decades.

The youngest daughter of actor Brandon Maggart, Apple was born in New York City but was raised alternating between New York and her father's home in Los Angeles. Classically trained on piano as a child, she began composing her own songs when she was eight years old. Her debut album, Tidal, containing songs written when she was 17, was released in 1996 and received a Grammy Award for Best Female Vocal Rock Performance for the single "Criminal". She followed with When the Pawn... (1999), produced by Jon Brion, which was also critically and commercially successful and was certified platinum.

For her third album, Extraordinary Machine (2005), Apple again collaborated with Brion, and began recording the album in 2002. However, Apple was reportedly unhappy with the production and opted not to release the record, leading fans to protest Epic Records, erroneously believing that the label was withholding its release. The album was eventually re-produced without Brion and released in October 2005. The album was certified gold, and nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. In 2012, she released her fourth studio album, The Idler Wheel..., which received critical praise and was followed by a tour of the United States and was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album in 2013. Apple's fifth studio album, Fetch the Bolt Cutters, was released in 2020 to widespread acclaim.

She has sold over 10 million albums worldwide and has received numerous awards and nominations, including a Grammy Award, 2 MTV Video Music Awards and a Billboard Music Award.

Life and career[edit]

1977–1993: Early life[edit]

Fiona Apple was born Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart on September 13, 1977 in New York City to singer Diane McAfee and actor Brandon Maggart, who met when both were cast in the Broadway musical Applause.[5][6] Her father is from Tennessee, and through him, Apple has Melungeon ancestry.[7] Her maternal grandparents were dancer Millicent Green and big band vocalist Johnny McAfee. Her sister, Amber, sings cabaret under the stage name Maude Maggart, and actor Garett Maggart is her half brother. Apple grew up in Morningside Gardens in Harlem[8] with her mother and sister, but spent summers with her father in Los Angeles, California.[9]

Apple was classically trained on piano as a child, and began composing her own pieces by the age of eight.[9] When learning to play piano, she would often take sheet music and translate guitar tablature into the corresponding notes.[9] Apple later began to play along with jazz standard compositions after becoming proficient, through which she discovered Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald, who became major influences on her.[10]

At age 12, Apple was raped outside the apartment she shared with her mother, step-father and sister in Harlem.[11] She subsequently developed an eating disorder, purposely slimming her developing body, which she saw as "bait" for potential predators.[11] "I definitely did have an eating disorder," she recalled. "What was really frustrating for me was that everyone thought I was anorexic, and I wasn’t. I was just really depressed and self-loathing."[11] After the rape, Apple began attending Model Mugging classes, practicing self-defense,[12] but continued to suffer panic attacks while walking home from school, which led to her relocating to Los Angeles to live with her father for one year. [7] In Los Angeles, Apple attended Alexander Hamilton High School for her sophomore year.[13][14] In a 2000 interview, Apple stated that, despite speculation from journalists, she did not write songs about the trauma surrounding her rape: "It doesn't get into the writing. It's a boring pain. It's such a fuckin' old pain that, you know, there's nothing poetic about it."[15]

1994–2001: Tidal and When the Pawn...[edit]

Apple was introduced to the music industry in 1994, when she gave a demo tape containing the songs "Never Is a Promise", "Not One of Those Times", and "He Takes a Taxi" to her friend who was the babysitter for music publicist Kathryn Schenker.[16] Schenker then passed the tape along to Sony Music executive Andy Slater.[17] Apple's abilities captured his attention, and Slater signed her to a record deal.[18][19]

In 1996, Apple's debut album, Tidal, was released by Work Records and Columbia Records.[11] The record was largely inspired by Apple's recent breakup with her first boyfriend.[11] The album sold 2.7 million copies and was certified three times platinum in the U.S.[20][21] "Criminal", the third single, became a hit and the song reached the Top 40 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100. The song's controversial Mark Romanek-directed music video played on MTV.[22] Other singles from Tidal included "Shadowboxer", "Sleep to Dream", and "Never Is a Promise". Apple accepted the MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards for her song "Sleep to Dream", during her acceptance speech she said:

This world is bullshit. And you shouldn't model your life—wait a second—you shouldn't model your life about what you think that we think is cool and what we're wearing and what we're saying and everything. Go with yourself.[23]

Apple responded to criticisms of her acceptance speech in Rolling Stone in January 1998, stating, "When I have something to say, I'll say it."[11] During this period, Apple also covered the Beatles' "Across the Universe" and Percy Mayfield's "Please Send Me Someone to Love" for the soundtrack of the film Pleasantville. She later canceled the last 21 dates on a tour in support of her album due to "personal family problems".[24] In 1997, Apple met director Paul Thomas Anderson during a photoshoot, and the two began a relationship that lasted several years.[25]

Apple's second album, When the Pawn..., was released in 1999. Its full title is a poem Apple wrote after reading letters that appeared in Spin regarding an article that had cast her in a negative light in an earlier issue.[26] The title's length earned it a spot in the Guinness Book of Records for 2001. However, as of October 2007, it no longer has the longest album title, as Soulwax released Most of the Remixes, a remix album whose title surpasses When the Pawn's length by 100 characters.[27] When the Pawn was cultivated during Apple's relationship with film director Paul Thomas Anderson. When the Pawn, which was produced by Jon Brion, used more expressive lyrics, experimented more with drum loops, and incorporated both the Chamberlin and drummer Matt Chamberlain.[28] The album received a positive reception from publications such as Rolling Stone.[29] It did not fare as well commercially as her debut, though it was an RIAA-certified platinum album[20] and sold one million copies in the U.S.[21] The album's lead single, "Fast as You Can", reached the top twenty on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and became Apple's first Top 40 hit in the UK. The videos for two follow-up singles, "Paper Bag" and "Limp" (directed by then-boyfriend Anderson), received very little play.

In a February 2000 set hampered by equipment issues to 3,000 audience members at the New York City Roseland Ballroom, a frustrated Apple left the stage without returning. Her performance saw Apple appearing distraught at the sound quality, apologizing numerous times for the sound and crying.[30] After completing a concert tour in support of her second album in 2000, Apple relocated to Los Angeles,[31] where she still resides as of 2020.[12]

2002–2010: Extraordinary Machine and release delays[edit]

During her hiatus, Apple contemplated retiring from her recording career. Apple sang with Johnny Cash on a cover of Simon & Garfunkel's "Bridge over Troubled Water" that ended up on his album American IV: The Man Comes Around and was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Country Collaboration with Vocals". She also collaborated with Cash on Cat Stevens's "Father and Son", which was included in his 2003 collection Unearthed.

Fans in support of Fiona Apple demonstrating outside the NYC headquarters of Sony BMG Music Entertainment in January 2005.

Apple's third album, Extraordinary Machine, was originally produced by Jon Brion. In spring 2002, Apple and Brion, her longtime friend and producer on When the Pawn, met for their weekly lunch meeting. Brion reportedly "begged" Apple to make another album. Apple agreed, and Brion went to Apple's label, Epic Records, with strict stipulations (including no deadline), which the label eventually agreed to. Recording sessions began in 2002, at Ocean Way studios in Nashville, Tennessee, but later moved to the Paramour Mansion in Los Angeles. Work on the album continued until 2003, and in May of that year it was submitted to Sony executives. In 2004 and 2005, tracks were leaked on the Internet in MP3 format and played on U.S. and international radio. Subsequently, MP3s of the entire album went online. Although a website distributing the album was quickly shut down, it soon reached P2P networks and was downloaded by fans.[32] A fan-led campaign supported the album's official release.

Mike Elizondo, who had previously played bass on Pawn, was brought back as co-producer to complete the tracks he had begun with Brion and Apple. Spin later reported the following: "Fans erroneously thought that Apple's record label, Epic, had rejected the first version of Extraordinary Machine... in reality, according to Elizondo, Apple was unhappy with the results, and it was her decision to redo the record, not her label's."[32] In August 2005, the album was given an October release date.[32] Production had been largely redone "from scratch" by Elizondo and was co-produced by Brian Kehew. Two of the 11 previous leaked tracks were relatively unchanged, and one new song was also included.[33] Despite suggestions that the album had caused a rift between Brion and Apple, they regularly perform together at Largo, a club in Los Angeles, including a joint appearance with Elizondo on bass just before the news broke of an official release.[34] Extraordinary Machine debuted at number seven and was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Pop Vocal Album". It was eventually certified gold,[20] though its singles ("Parting Gift", "O' Sailor", "Not About Love", and "Get Him Back") failed to enter any Billboard charts.[35] Apple went on a live tour to promote the album in late 2005.

Beginning in the mid-2000s, Apple dated writer and television creator Jonathan Ames.[36][37][38]

Apple performing in Seattle, Washington, 2006

In June 2006, Apple appeared on the joke track "Come Over and Get It (Up in 'Dem Guts)" by comedian Zach Galifianakis. Galifianakis previously appeared in the music video for Apple's "Not About Love".[39] Apple recorded a cover of "Sally's Song" for the 2006 special edition release of the soundtrack for the Tim Burton film The Nightmare Before Christmas. In May 2006, Apple paid tribute to Elvis Costello on VH1's concert series Decades Rock Live, by performing Costello's hit "I Want You". Her version was subsequently released as a digital single.[40] Apple toured the East Coast during August 2007, with Nickel Creek.[41][42] In 2008, Apple recorded a duet titled "Still I" with Christophe Deluy. In 2009, Apple covered "Why Try to Change Me Now" and "I Walk A Little Faster" for The Best Is Yet to Come – The Songs of Cy Coleman.

In January 2010, Fiona Apple and Jon Brion performed together at "Love and Haiti, Too: A Music Benefit", a charity concert for the people hurt by the Haiti earthquake. Fiona sang a cover of "(S)he's Funny That Way", composed by Neil Moret, lyrics by Richard Whiting, which is often associated with the singer Billie Holiday. In June 2010, Fiona released a song titled "So Sleepy", produced by Jon Brion and written by children involved with the non-profit organization 826LA. The song was included on a compilation album released by the organization titled Chickens in Love. Apple collaborated with Margaret Cho on her album Cho Dependent, which was released on August 24, 2010.[43]

2011–2018: The Idler Wheel..., tour, and legal troubles[edit]

Apple performing at Terminal 5, New York, 2012

In late 2010, Billboard published an article stating that Apple was planning on releasing a new album in spring 2011, with musician Michelle Branch claiming to have heard some of the new tracks.[44] Drummer Charley Drayton also told Modern Drummer magazine that he was co-producing the record.[45] However, the album was not released in the spring and Billboard reported later that Epic was not aware of a record.[46] Apple delayed the album's release until 2012, explaining that she was waiting "until her label found a new president and that she didn't want her work to be mishandled amid corporate disarray."[47] In January 2012, after its new record label head, LA Reid hinted at new music from Apple, Epic Records announced that the album would be released later in the year.[48] Apple announced performances at the South by Southwest Festival and a spring 2012 tour soon after.[49]

The Idler Wheel Is Wiser Than the Driver of the Screw and Whipping Cords Will Serve You More Than Ropes Will Ever Do,[50][51] Apple's fourth studio album, was released on June 19, 2012, in the United States.[52] It received critical acclaim.[53] According to an article in American Songwriter, "The Idler Wheel isn't always pretty, but it pulses with life, brutal and true."[54]

While promoting The Idler Wheel, Apple revealed in a June 2012 interview that she had briefly married an unnamed French photographer, later revealed to be Lionel Deluy, "for complicated reasons" and had a passing liaison with a younger woman.[55][5] She subsequently gave in-depth interview on Marc Maron's WTF podcast in July, during which she revealed that she has battled obsessive–compulsive disorder throughout her adult life.[7] She also divulged that she had recently decided to quit drinking.[7] On September 19, 2012, Apple was arrested at an internal U.S. Border Patrol checkpoint in Sierra Blanca, Texas, and charged with possession of hashish, detaining her en route to a concert in Austin, Texas, at the Hudspeth County Jail.[56][57]

Apple performing in Miami Beach, 2012

Apple contributed a previously unreleased song entitled "Dull Tool" to the soundtrack of the 2012 Judd Apatow film This Is 40.[58] Another song was recorded for the film but was not used, ending up as the track Cosmonauts on her 2020 album Fetch The Bolt Cutters.[59][60] In November 2012, Apple wrote a letter to her fans – a scan of which was posted to her website and her Facebook page – postponing the South American leg of her tour due to the health of her dog, Janet. According to the letter, the dog has Addison's disease and has had a tumor "idling in her chest" for two years.[61]

In September 2013, a Chipotle ad appeared online with a soundtrack of Apple covering "Pure Imagination" from the 1971 film Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory. The video, which follows a scarecrow as he discovers the truth about factory farming and processed food, was described as "haunted," "dystopian," "bizarre," and "beautiful."[62][63] In 2014, Apple wrote the opening theme, "Container", for the Showtime drama series The Affair.[64] During 2014, Apple also appeared at a number of performances by Blake Mills, including in New York City and Cambridge, Massachusetts, during his tour in support of his second full-length album, Heigh Ho. The pair first publicly collaborated on an acoustic version of Apple's song "I Know" in 2013.[65] Fiona Apple has collaborated with Andrew Bird, and in 2016, she was featured in the song "Left Handed Kisses" from the album Are You Serious.

In 2017, she released "Tiny Hands" for the Women's March on Washington.[66]

In 2018, she joined Shirley Manson at the female-driven Girl School Festival in Los Angeles for a cover of "You Don't Own Me" by Lesley Gore, wearing a white T-shirt with "KNEEL, PORTNOW" written across it in ink. This was considered in response to Grammy head Neil Portnow's heavily criticized comments that women need to "step up" in order to earn more Grammy nods.[67]

2019–present: Fetch the Bolt Cutters[edit]

In January 2019, Apple collaborated with King Princess on a version of her 1999 song "I Know". The song was released for Spotify's RISE program on January 25.[68] Apple was featured in the documentary and soundtrack for Echo in the Canyon with Jakob Dylan covering songs by artists such as the Beach Boys and the Byrds.[69] In November, she covered "Whole of the Moon," a Waterboys song, for the series finale of Showtime's The Affair.[70][71]

In two Instagram posts in March 2019, Apple hinted at the recording of a fifth album.[72] In a September 2019 interview with Vulture, she confirmed that the album was in its final stages, recorded with a band and planned for an early 2020 release.[25] In a follow-up interview with Vulture in January 2020, she said her new album would likely be out "in a few months."[73] On March 8, 2020, Apple posted a video showcasing her saying "M-Y-R-E-C-O-R-D-I-S-D-O-N-E" in fingerspelling.[12] In an interview with The New Yorker, it was announced that Apple's fifth studio album was to be titled Fetch the Bolt Cutters.[12] The album, which consists of 13 self-produced tracks, was released digitally on April 17, 2020.[74] The album was met with widespread acclaim by music critics.[75]

Philanthropy[edit]

On June 30, 2019, Apple pledged to donate two years' worth of earnings from TV and movie placements of her song "Criminal" to the While They Wait fund, which assists refugees with basic necessities, immigration fees and legal services.[76] In 2020, While They Wait's Scott Hechinger revealed to Vulture that Apple has donated $90,000, and that donation will help out 15 families.[73]

Discography[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Apple's debut album earned her a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance for "Criminal" and the MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist in a Video for "Sleep to Dream". For When the Pawn..., Apple won the California Music Award for Outstanding Female Vocalist. For Extraordinary Machine, she won an Esky Music Award for Best Songbird.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Alanis Morissette
MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist
1997
Succeeded by
Natalie Imbruglia