Fipexide

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Fipexide
Fipexide.svg
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ATC code
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CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.047.128 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC20H21ClN2O4
Molar mass388.845 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
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Fipexide (Attentil, Vigilor) is a psychoactive drug of the piperazine chemical class which was developed in Italy in 1983.[1] It was used as a nootropic drug in Italy and France, mainly for the treatment of senile dementia,[2] but is no longer in common use due to the occurrence of rare adverse drug reactions including fever[3] and hepatitis. Fipexide is similar in action to other nootropic drugs such as piracetam[citation needed] and has a few similarities in chemical structure to centrophenoxine. Chemically, it is an amide union of parachlorophenoxyacetate and methylenedioxybenzylpiperazine (MDBZP), and has been shown to metabolize to the latter, which plays a significant role in its effects[citation needed].

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Missale C, Pasinetti G, Govoni S, Spano PF, Trabucchi M. Fipexide: a new drug for the regulation of dopaminergic system at the macromolecular level. Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico. 1983 Feb;122(2):79-85.
  2. ^ Bompani R, Scali G. Fipexide, an effective cognition activator in the elderly: a placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 1986;10(2):99-106.
  3. ^ Guy C, Blay N, Rousset H, Fardeau V, Ollagnier M. Fever caused by fipexide. Evaluation of the national pharmacovigilance survey. Therapie. 1990 Sep-Oct;45(5):429-31.